Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more ➡
Standard view
Full view
of .
×
0 of .
Results for:
P. 1
m510

# m510

Ratings: 0|Views: 348|Likes:

### Availability:

See More
See less

09/12/2010

pdf

text

original

Project PHYSNETPhysics Bldg.Michigan State UniversityEast Lansing, MI
· · ·
MISN-0-510
MAGNETIC PROPERTIES OF MATTER
Electricity and Magnetism
1
MAGNETIC PROPERTIES OF MATTERbyR.Young
1. Introduction
.............................................. 1
2. Procedures
................................................1
Acknowledgments
............................................3

MISN-0-510
1
MAGNETIC PROPERTIES OF MATTERbyR.Young1. Introduction
The purpose of this unit is to present a theoretical structure fordealing with the magnetic eﬀects of matter. We will derive relations suchas those below.If

(
r
) is the current density due to “true” current which consistsof charge transport and

(
r
) is the current density due to “atomic”currents which cause no charge transport, then the vector potential canbe written as:
 A
(
r
) =
µ
0
4
π

V

(
r
)
dV
|
r
r
|
+
µ
0
4
π

V

(
r
)
dV
|
r
r
|
.
The current density

(
r
) describes the magnetic properties of matter inthe magnetostatic case.
2. Procedures
1. Read Chapter 9, Sec.9-1 to 9-6 . This is a rather technical and im-portant chapter. It would beneﬁt you if you copied down some of theﬁgures and drew some additional ﬁgures of your own. It also wouldn’thurt if you actually went through the details of some of the derivations,e.g. like the derivation resulting in equations 9-19 and 9-19a.2. Write down or underline in the text the ﬁrst ten vocabulary terms inOutput Skill K1.3. The ﬁnal eight vocabulary terms in K1 are slightly more diﬃcult toextract from the text. The relevant material is in Sec.9-6 so you mustread this section very carefully. A brief deﬁnition of each of the itemsis listed below. Write down the deﬁnitions so you are sure that youknow them.a.
Diamagnetism
-
m
<
0 and
|
m
|
1 so that the magnetic in-duction is slightly weakened by the presence of the material.
5
MISN-0-510
2
H
O
c
B
-H
Figure 1.
.b.
Paramagnetism
-
m
>
0 and
|
m
|
1 so that the magneticinduction is slightly strengthened by the presence of the material.c.
Ferromagnetism
- When ferromagnetic material is present, it is pos-sible that the condition
x
1 can occur. It is also possible that
 m
=

0 even when no external magnetic intensity

is present. Thatis, permanent magnetization is possible.d.
Magnetic saturation
- This term applies to ferromagnetic materialand the fact that the magnetization
reaches a maximum valuein the material.e.
Hysteresis
- This term applies to ferromagnetic material and thefact that magnetic induction
B
depends on the magnetic intensity
at a given point in time as well as the past magnetic history of the sample. This phenomena is expressed by the “hysteresis loop”in a plot of
B
versus
.f.
Hysteresis loop
- The hysteresis loop is the curve traced out in the
B
-
plane by increasing
to a maximum strength in one directionand then in the other direction. A typical hysteresis loop is shownin Fig.1.g.
Remanence
- The magnetic induction present in a ferromagneticmaterial after the magnetic intensity has been reduced to zero. Theferromagnetic material is then a permanent magnet.h.
Coercivity
- The strength of the magnetic intensity which is neededto reduce the magnetic induction to zero is a permanent magnet.The negative sign for
simply means that the externally applied
6

## Activity (3)

### Showing

AllMost RecentReviewsAll NotesLikes