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SPHERICALSYM

SPHERICALSYM

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Published by: IIRemmyII on Aug 07, 2010
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11/01/2010

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List of spherical symmetry groups
Contents
List of symmetry groupson the sphere
Spherical symmetry groups are also called point groups in three dimensions. This article isaboutthe finite ones.There are four fundamental symmetry classes which have triangular fundamental domains:dihedral, tetrahedral,octahedral, icosahedral.There are infinitely many dihedral symmetry groups.The final classes, under 
other 
have digonal or monogonal fundamental domains.
There are an infinite set of dihedral symmetries.
n
can be any positive integer 
2
or greater (n = 1 is also possible, but these three symmetries are equal to C
2
, C
2v
, and C
2h
).
NameSchönfliescrystallographicnotationCoxeternotationOrbifoldnotationOrderFundamentaldomain
n
[2,n]+22n2nPolydiscopicD
nh
[2,n]*22n4nPolydigyrosD
nd
[2+,2n]2*n4n
 
crystallographicnotationnotationnotationdomain
d
[3,3]*33224PyritohedralT
h
[3+,4]3*224
NameSchönfliescrystallographicnotationCoxeternotationOrbifoldnotationOrderFundamentaldomain
h
[3,4]*43248
NameSchönfliescrystallographicnotationCoxeternotationOrbifoldnotationOrderFundamentaldomain
Chiral icosahedralI[3,5]+53260
 
h
[3,5]*532120
[edit] Other
These final forms have digonal or monogonal fundamental regions withCyclic symmetries and reflection symmetry. There are four infinite sets with index
n
being any positiveinteger; for n=1 two cases are equal, so there are three; they are separately named.
NameSchönfliescrystallographicnotationCoxeternotationOrbifoldnotationOrderFundamentaldomain
no symmetry(monotropic)C
1
[1]+111discrete rotationalsymmetry(polytropic)C
n
[n]+nnnreflection symmetry (monoscopic)C
s
= C
1v
= C
1h
[1]*112PolyscopicC
nv
[n]*nn2nPolygyrosC
nh
[2,n+]n*2n

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