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Chapter 1- Functions

Chapter 1- Functions

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Published by vishalraman
Chapter 1- Functions NOTES
Chapter 1- Functions NOTES

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Published by: vishalraman on Aug 08, 2010
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11/29/2014

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 Additional Mathematics Module Form 4Chapter 1- Functions SMK Agama Arau, Perlis
Page | 1
CHAPTER 1- FUNCTIONS
1.1 RELATIONS1.1.1 Representing Relations
1- By Arrow Diagram
One to one relationx x + 2Many to one relationx x
2
 
2- By Ordered Pair 
(1, 3), (2, 4), (3, 5)(1, 4), (
2, 4), (3, 9), (
3, 9)
3. By Graph
y (Image)4 X3 X0 1 2 x (object)One to many relationx
 x
 Many to many relation
 
360 min3600 sec60 sec0.25 day
6 hours
 
1 min2160 sec1 hour
223
3491233452
23
349
 
 Additional Mathematics Module Form 4Chapter 1- Functions SMK Agama Arau, Perlis
Page | 2domaincodomainA BSet A is called
domain
of the relation and set B is the
codomain.
 Each of the elements in the
domain (
Set A) is an object. So 1, 2 and 3 are called
object.
 Each of the elements in the
codomain
(Set B) is an image. So 3, 4, 5 and 6 are called
image.
 The set that
contains all the images
that are matched is the
range
.
 
A BDomain={ 1,2,3 } codomain= {3,4,5,6}Object = 1, 2, 3 image = 3, 4, 5, 6Range= {3, 4, 5}Object image
1.2 FUNCTIONS
1. Function is a
special relation
where
every object
in a domain
has only one image
. A function is alsoknown as a mapping.2. From the types of relation we have learned, only
one to one relation
and
many to one relation
arefunction.Function notationSmall letter: f, g, h or something else…
 x  x  f 
2:
 Read as function f map x onto 2x
Example:
f : x 2xf(x) = 2x
 x 
= 1,f(1) = 2(1)= 2
 
1233456
objectimageConcept:
 x  x  f 
2:
 
 x  x  f 
2)(
=
 Look at the difference betweenthese two.
 
 Additional Mathematics Module Form 4Chapter 1- Functions SMK Agama Arau, Perlis
Page | 3
Example 1:
1. Given function
23:
 x  x  f 
. Find(a) the image of –1f(x)= 3x – 2f(-1) = 3(– 1) – 2= – 3 – 2= – 5(b) object which has the image 4f(x) = 3x – 2Given that the image is 4,So f(x) = 4Compare and ,Hence,3x – 2 = 43x = 6x = 22. Given that f(x) = px + 3 and f(4)= 5. Find the value of p.f(x) = px + 3If x=4,f(4)= 4p + 3f(4)= 5Compare and ,Hence,
534
=+
 p
 
24
=
 p
 
21
=
 p
 
 
If the given is object, so we are going tofind the value of image. -1 is the objectbecause we have to find the value of itsimage.If the given is image, so we are going to findthe value of object. 4 is the image because wehave to find the value of its object.
121 2121 2
From the information given, we knowthat 4 is the object and 5 is the image.The both function is compared becausethey are under the same function or inother way there are having the sameobject which is 4. So the value of 
 p
can becalculated.Remember the concept:f : x 3x 2 thenf(x)= 3x – 2 and when x= –1,f(-1) = 3(– 1) – 2

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