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Chapter 1- FunctionsRatings: (0)|Views: 184|Likes: 8

Published by vishalraman

Chapter 1- Functions NOTES

Chapter 1- Functions NOTES

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https://www.scribd.com/doc/35548940/Chapter-1-Functions

11/29/2014

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Additional Mathematics Module Form 4Chapter 1- Functions SMK Agama Arau, Perlis

Page | 1

CHAPTER 1- FUNCTIONS

1.1 RELATIONS1.1.1 Representing Relations

1- By Arrow Diagram

One to one relationx x + 2Many to one relationx x

2

2- By Ordered Pair

(1, 3), (2, 4), (3, 5)(1, 4), (

−

2, 4), (3, 9), (

−

3, 9)

3. By Graph

y (Image)4 X3 X0 1 2 x (object)One to many relationx

x

Many to many relation

360 min3600 sec60 sec0.25 day

6 hours

1 min2160 sec1 hour

−

223

−

3491233452

−

23

−

349

Additional Mathematics Module Form 4Chapter 1- Functions SMK Agama Arau, Perlis

Page | 2domaincodomainA BSet A is called

domain

of the relation and set B is the

codomain.

Each of the elements in the

domain (

Set A) is an object. So 1, 2 and 3 are called

object.

Each of the elements in the

codomain

(Set B) is an image. So 3, 4, 5 and 6 are called

image.

The set that

contains all the images

that are matched is the

range

.

A BDomain={ 1,2,3 } codomain= {3,4,5,6}Object = 1, 2, 3 image = 3, 4, 5, 6Range= {3, 4, 5}Object image

1.2 FUNCTIONS

1. Function is a

special relation

where

every object

in a domain

has only one image

. A function is alsoknown as a mapping.2. From the types of relation we have learned, only

one to one relation

and

many to one relation

arefunction.Function notationSmall letter: f, g, h or something else…

x x f

2:

→

Read as function f map x onto 2x

Example:

f : x 2xf(x) = 2x

x

= 1,f(1) = 2(1)= 2

1233456

objectimageConcept:

x x f

2:

→

x x f

2)(

=

Look at the difference betweenthese two.

Additional Mathematics Module Form 4Chapter 1- Functions SMK Agama Arau, Perlis

Page | 3

Example 1:

1. Given function

23:

−→

x x f

. Find(a) the image of –1f(x)= 3x – 2f(-1) = 3(– 1) – 2= – 3 – 2= – 5(b) object which has the image 4f(x) = 3x – 2Given that the image is 4,So f(x) = 4Compare and ,Hence,3x – 2 = 43x = 6x = 22. Given that f(x) = px + 3 and f(4)= 5. Find the value of p.f(x) = px + 3If x=4,f(4)= 4p + 3f(4)= 5Compare and ,Hence,

534

=+

p

24

=

p

21

=

p

If the given is object, so we are going tofind the value of image. -1 is the objectbecause we have to find the value of itsimage.If the given is image, so we are going to findthe value of object. 4 is the image because wehave to find the value of its object.

121 2121 2

From the information given, we knowthat 4 is the object and 5 is the image.The both function is compared becausethey are under the same function or inother way there are having the sameobject which is 4. So the value of

p

can becalculated.Remember the concept:f : x 3x – 2 thenf(x)= 3x – 2 and when x= –1,f(-1) = 3(– 1) – 2

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