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Alkanes Alkenes Alkynes Objective

Alkanes Alkenes Alkynes Objective

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ABC CLASSES
,126 2
nd
Floor , Kingsway Camp, Delhi-110009, Ph,No:011-47041845.
 
ABC CLASSES FOR IIT-JEE
A
LKANES,
A
LKENES,
A
LKYNES
D.P.P-1
1.
 
Ethylene on reaction with :(a) O
3
– CC
l
4
followed by hydrolysis in absence of Zn gives formaldehyde(b) H
2
– Lindlar catalyst gives ethane(c) Br
2
/NaCl (aq.) gives BrCH
2
CH
2
Br, BrCH
2
CH
2
Cl and BrCH
2
CH
2
OH(d) O
3
– CCl
4
formaldehyde.2.
 
Cis – 2 – butane on reaction with Baeyer’s reagent gives :(a) Meso geminal diol (b) Racemic vicinal diol (c) Meso vicinal diol (d) None of these.3.
 
Propene on reaction with Cl
2
/ CCl
4
gives (A) and on reaction with C
l
2
/ high temp. gives (B). (A) and (B) are :(a) Same (b) MeCHCl CH
2
Cl, MeCCl = CH
2
(c) racemic mixture, allyl chloride (d) None of these.4.
 
2 – butyne on reaction with H
2
– Lindlar gives (A) and on reaction with NaNH
2
/ Praraffin gives (B). (A) and (B)are : (a) Cis– 2 butane, No product (b) trans 2 butane, MeCH
2
C
C
Na
+
 (c) Cis – 2- butane, MeCH
2
C
CH (d) Cis- 2- butane, MeCH
2
C
C
Na
+
.5.
 
Propene on reaction with HOCl gives (A) and on reaction with NOCl gives (B). (A) and (B) are :(a) Me CH (OH)CH
2
Cl, Me CH(NO) CH
2
C
l
(b) Me CH (C
l
) CH
2
OH, Me CH(Cl) CH
2
NO(c) Me CH (OH) CH
2
C
l
, Me CH(Cl) CH
2
NO (d) None of these.6.
 
Propene on reaction with HBr/ peroxide gives (A) which on reaction with Na/ ether gives (B). Which of thefollowing is correct :
(a)
(B) is 2, 3 – dimethyl butane
(b)
(A) on reaction with alc. KOH gives propene
(c)
(B) on sulphonation gives racemic mixture
(d)
both (b) & (C).7.
 
2 – butyne on reaction with H
2
– Lindlar followed by ozonolysis gives (A) :(a) (A) can be prepared by catalytic hydration of acetylene(b) (A) on Clemmensen reduction gives that lowest alkane which can be prepared by Sabatier – Senderens method(c) (A) on reduction with HI/ red P followed by vapour phase nitration gives two nitro products(d) All are correct.8.
 
Propyne on catalytic hydration gives (A) and on ozonolysis gives (B). (A) and (B) are :(a) acetone, mixture of ethanal and methanol
 
(b) Propionaldehyde, methyl glyoxal(c) acetone, dicarbonyl compound (d) Propionaldehyde, mixture of MeCOOH & CO
2
.9.
 
Which of the following is correct : (a) Propene is more reactive than ethylene towards hydrogenation
 
(b) Isobutene is more reactive than 2 butane towards addition with HCl (c) both (d) None.10.
 
Acetylene on reaction with I
2
/ liq. NH
3
gives (A) and on reaction with I
2
/ ethanol gives (B). Which one is correct :(a) (A) and (B) are same (b) (A) is di iodo acetylene and (B) is acetylene di iodide(c) (A) is acetylene di iodide and (B) is di iodo acetylene (d) None of these.11.
 
The reaction of propene with C
l
2
in CCl
4
involves the initial attack by :(a) Cl
+
and CH
3
CH
+
CH
2
Cl is formed as intermediate(b) Cl
and Me is formed as intermediate(c) Cl
+
and Me is formed as intermediate (d) C
l
amd Me -
+
CH – CH
2
Cl is formed as intermediate.12.
 
Propene on hydroboration oxidation gives (A) and propyne on hydroboration oxidation gives (B). (A) and (B) are :(a) isopropyl alcohol, propionaldehyde (b) n propyl alcohol, acetone(c) isopropyl alcohol, acetone (d) n pyropyl alcohol, propionaldehyde.13.
 
Which of the following is correct : (a) n –pentane on monochlorination gives 2 products both optically inactive(b) Isobutane on bromination in presence of sun light give t - butyl bromide as major products(c) Cis -2- pentene on reaction with Baeyer’s reagent gives reacemic mixture (d) All.
CH - CH
2
C
 CH - CH
2
C
 
 
 
ABC CLASSES
,126 2
nd
Floor , Kingsway Camp, Delhi-110009, Ph,No:011-47041845.
 
14.
 
Propene on reaction with CHCl
3
in presence of peroxide gives (A) and butane – I on reaction with CHBr
3
inpresence of peroxide gives (B). (A) and (B) are :(a) Me CH
2
CH
2
CCl, MeCH
2
CH
2
CBr
3
 
(b) MeCH (CC
l
3
) CH
3
, MeCH2CHBrCH
2
CHBr
2
 (c) MeCH
2
CH
2
CC
l
3
, racemic mixture (d) None of these.15.
 
CH
2
= CH – CH
2
– C
C – H on reaction with one mol of H
2
gives (A) and CH
3
CH = CH – C
C – H on reactionwith one mole of H
2
gives (B). (A) and (B) are :(a
)
CH
3
CH
2
CH
2
C
C – H, CH
3
CJ = CH – CH = CH
2
 
(b
)
CH
2
= CH – CH
2
CH = CH
2
,CH
3
CH
2
CH
2
C
CH(c) CH
2
= CH – CH
2
CH = CH
2
,CH
3
CH = CHCH = CH
2
(d)
 
None of these.16.
 
1 – butane on reaction with NBS gives : (a) a racemic mixture
 
(b) a pair of diastereomers (c) both (d) None.17.
 
Which of the following is correct :(a) Isobutane on monochlorination gives isobutyl chloride and t –butyl chloride in 9 : 1 ratio.
 
(b) trans -2- butane is obtained by the reduction of 2 – butyne with Na / liq. NH
3
. (c) both (d) None.18.
 
Which of the following alkane can not be prepared by Sabatier – Senderens reduction :(a) n – butane and isobutane
 
(b) Isopentane and neopentane(c) neopentane and 2,2,3,3 tetra methyl butane (d) None of these.19.
 
In which of the following pairs first member can react with Na but second member cannot react with NaOH :(a) Propyne, acetic acid
 
(b) 1 –butyne, benzoic acid (c) 2 –butyne, 1-butyne (d) 1-butyne, 1-butyne.20.
 
Acetylene on reaction with Cu
2
C
l
2
/ NH
4
OH gives (A) and when passed through red hot tube in presence ofNi(CN)
2
– THF (B) is formed, (A) and (B) are :
(
a) Vinyl acetylene, benzene (b) red ppt., cycloocta tetraene (c)
 
CuC
C Cu, Mesitylene (d) N.O.T.21.
 
Selective oxidation of R
1
C
C(CH
2
)
n
CH = CHR
2
with CrO
3
in acetic acid gives :(a) R
1
C
C(CH
2
)
n
COOH +R
2
CHO
 
(b) R
1
COOH + HOOC (CH
2
)
n
CH = CHR
2
 (c) R
1
CO - CO(CH
2
)
n
CH = CHR
2
(d) R
1
C
C(CH
2
)
n
COOH + R
2
COOH.22.
 
One mol of hydrocarbon (mol. Wt. 78) is subjected to ozonolysis and the H
2
O
2
formed in the reaction is notremoved from the site of reaction. The product obtained on treatment with Ca
2+
ions gave 384 g of calcium salt of adicarboxylic acid. The hydrocarbon is : (a) CH
3
– C
C – C
C – CH
3
(b) CH
C – CH
2
– CH
2
– C
CH(c) CH
C – CH
2
– C
C – CH
3
(d)Benzene.23.
 
In which of the following expected product is not formed :(a) CH
4
 
+ C
l
2
 
(b) CH
4
+ Cl
2
 (c) CH
4
= Cl
2
(d) CH
4
+ Cl
2
.24.
 
Propene when reacts with Cl
2
in CCl
4
the intermediate formed is ‘I’ and product formed is ‘P’. I and P are :(a) MeCH
+
- CH
2
Cl, Racemic mix. (b) Me , , Optically active 1, 2-dichloro propane(c) MeCHCl CH
2+
, optically inactive (d) Me , Racemic mix.25.
 
Propene on hydroboration – oxidation gives (A) and on oxymercuration demercuration gives (B). (A) and (B) are :(a) n – propyl alcohol both
 
(b) isopropyl alcohol both(c) n- propane, isopropanol (d) iso-propanol, n-propane.26.
 
Cyclic intermediate is not formed in : (a) addition of Cl
2
to ethylene
 
(b) hydroboration of ethylene(c) addition of HCl to ethylene (d) all of these.27.
 
For (B) Me
3
C – CH = CH
2
(A) ; (A) and (B) are :(a) same
 
(b) different but neither is primary alcohal(c) different but formed by same mechanism (d) Me
2
C(OH) CH Me
2,
Me
3
C – CH
2
CH
2
OH.28.
 
Isobutene on hydroboration gives :(a) isobutyl alcohol
 
(b) electrophile which in reaction with AgNO
3
-NaOH gives n-octane.(c) t - butanol (d) Electron deficient speci which on oxidation gives nucleophile.29.
 
During reaction of propene with ozone in CCl
4
followed by hydrolysis in presence of zinc gives :
dark/ 300 degree celciusRoom temp. / lightRoom temp. / peroxideRoom temp. / oxygen
CH - CH
2
C
l
 CH - CH
2
C
l
 
i) cold conc.
H
2
SO
4
 ii) heat, H
2
Oi) B
2
H
6
, etherii) H
2
O
2
- NaOH
 
 
ABC CLASSES
,126 2
nd
Floor , Kingsway Camp, Delhi-110009, Ph,No:011-47041845.
 
(a) molozonide but not ozonide then carbonyl compound
 
(b) ozonide first, thenmolozonide and then acetaldehyde and formaldehyde(c) molozonide first, then ozonide and then acid and CO
2
 (d) a single ozonide which can show optical isomerism and then cleavage products.30.
 
In which case the product formed is in accordance of anti Markownikoff’s rule :(a) Me CH = CH
2
 (b) Me Ch = CH Me (c) Me2 C = CH
2
(d) Me
2
C = CH
2
31.
 
In which case the product written is not correct :(a) Me CH = CH
2
 
      
BrCl
 
Me CHCl CH
2
Br
 
(b) Me
2
C = CH
2
         
OH/Cl
22
Me
2
C (OH) CH
2
Cl(c) Me3 C – CH = CH
2
           
ionhydroborat
Me
3
C-CH
2
CH
2
OH (d) CCl
3
CH = CH
2
 
      
HCl
CCl
3
CH
2
CH
2
Cl.32.
 
Rearrangement does not occur in : (a) reaction of alkene with HBr in absence of peroxide but not with C
l
2
/ CCl
4
.
 
(b) reaction of alkene with CHBr
3
/ peroxide but not with HCl in presence of peroxide(c) reaction of alkane with Cl
2
/ HO but not in reaction of alkene with HOCl/H
+
 (d) reaction of alkene with HCl in presence of peroxide but not in hydroboration oxidation.33.
 
Select the wrongly written reaction as for as reaction at double bond is concerned :(a) BrCH = CH
2
 
      
HBr
Br
2
CH CH
3
(major)
 
(b) MeOCH = CHMe
      
HBr
MeO CHBr CH
2
Me(major).(c) both (d) None.34.
 
For CH
3
CH = CH
2
         
THF/BD
3
(A)
              
NaOH.aq/OH
22
(B) :(a) (A) is (Me CHD CH
2
-)
3
B (b) (B) is MeCHD CH
2
OH. (c) both (d) None.35.
 
In which of the following pairs both members on vapour phase nitration produce same no. of products :(a) (C
2
H
6
, Me
4
C)
 
(b) (Me
3
C – H, C
3
H
8
) (c) both (d) None.36.
 
Propyne on hydrobroation oxidation gives (A) and on reaction with HOCl gives (B). (A) and (B) are :(a) Et CHo, MeCCl
2
CHO
 
(b) MeCOMe, MeCOCHCl
2
(c) EtCHO, MeCOCHCl
2
(d) None of these.37.
 
When a gas (X) is passed through red hot tube 1, 3, 5-trimethyl benzene is obtained. (X) on reaction with Na/liq.NH
3
gives : (a) propene (b) sod. Salt of propyne (c)both (d) None.38.
 
2 – pentyne on reduction with H
2
Lindlar’s catalyst gives (A). Which of the following is correct :(a) (A) on reaction with Baeyer’s reagent gives racemic mixture
 
(b) The position isomer of (A) on ozonolysis in absence of zinc gives n butyric acid. (c) both (d) None.39.
 
In which of the following pairs both members on ozonolysis in presence of Zn gives single organic compound :(a) (3-hexene, 3-octyne)
 
(b) (1 butyne, trans-2-butene) (c) both (d) None.40.
 
Which alkane can not be prepared by hydrogenation of an alkyne :(a) isobutane
 
(b) isopentane (c) both (d) None.41.
 
n – butyraldehyde can be prepared by :(a) hydroboration oxidation of 1-butyne
 
(b) oxidative ozonolysis of 4 - octene (c) both (d) None.42.
 
In which of the following product written is not correct :(a) MeC
C
-
Na
+
+ CO
2
→ MeC
C – COO
-
Na
+
(b) MeC
C – H
 
+ Me Mg Br → Me C
C – Me(c) both (d) None.43.
 
Acetylene on reaction with Cu
2
Cl
2
/ NH
4
OH gives (A) and on reaction with Cu
2
Cl
2
/ NH
4
Cl gives (B). (A) and (B)are : (a) CH
2
= CH – C
CH, CH
2
= CH – C
C – CH = CH
2
 
(b) oxidative ozonolysis of 4 – octane(c) both (d) None.44.
 
In which of the following pairs first member can give white ppt. with ammonical silver nitrate and secondmember on vapour phase nitration gives minium3, nitro alkanes :(a) 1-decyne, neobutane
 
(b) 3 –ethynl penta-1, 4-diene, isobutane (c) both (d) None.45.
 
1 mol of (A) on reaction with excess MeMgBr gives 4 moles of a gas (X) which is the chief constituent of naturalgas. (A) may be :(a) HOOC - C
C - H
 
(b) H – C
C – CH(NH
2
) C
C - H (c) both (d) None.46.
 
Propene on reaction with Br
2
/ CCl
4
gives :(a) racemic mixture via carbocation
 
(b) optically inactive product which can not be resolved via cyclic intermediate(c) optically active product via cyclic intermediate (d) None.
HCl / peroxideHBr / peroxideNOCLDBr / peroxide

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