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A Comparative Look at Jamaican Creole and Guyanese Creole

A Comparative Look at Jamaican Creole and Guyanese Creole

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Published by Shivana Allen

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Published by: Shivana Allen on Aug 08, 2010
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04/14/2013

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Mohammed 05726337
A Comparative Look at Jamaican Creole and Guyanese Creole GrammarsShivana Mohammed2010Dr. Ian RobertsonLing
Abstract
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Mohammed 05726337
The creoles of the Caribbean may be said to resemble themselves, more than they resemble their main lexifying languages; so belonging to a family of languages different from that of their Superstrate lexifier. This premise is that which the comparisons of Guyanese and JamaicanEnglish Creole in this paper are built.
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Mohammed 05726337
“The Jamaican Language situation ...consists of two varieties, One is Jamaican Creole(JamC) popularly labelled ‘patwa’ and the other Jamaican English (JamE)...with JamC being the Lowvariety and JamC being the high variety.” (Hubert Devonish, 2008) They further define theJamaican Creole variety as that which is greatly influenced by the ‘output of speakers of WestAfrican languages modifying the phonological shape of words coming into their speech varietiesof 17
th
Century British English.” (Hubert Devonish, 2008) Allsopp sheds light however on theterm Creolese, used in Guyana to represent the Guyanese English Creole. Allsopp notes that theterm British Guiana Creole “parallels Jamaica Creole” (Allsopp, 1975)Frederick Cassidy declares the Creoles spoken in Jamaican and Guyana, the offspring of “one or more European languages coming in contact with one or more African Languages. TheCreoles of Guyana and Jamaica are blends of an English Superstrate language and many AfricanLanguages. Cassidy states,
The African element could have come (as theknown source of the slave population makes clear)from the languages of an enormous area extendingfrom Senegal southward to Angola, though theheavy early settlement was from the Gold Coast-Nigeria region.2 From the Twi and relatedlanguages, specifically, come the largest share of theeasily identifiable African loanwords.”
(Cassidy F.G., 1966)Jamaican Creole (JamC) or Jamaican Patwa is an English lexified creole, is the result of a language contact situation which forced the interaction between the speakers of West AfricanLanguages and the speakers of a socially superior European Language, namely English. Alleynedeclares JamC to be “the result of language contact between the Africans and the Englishspeakers, due to Creolisation under conditions of slavery.”
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