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Arab_9781400009510_5p_PDFs_r1

Arab_9781400009510_5p_PDFs_r1

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Published by Carla

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Published by: Carla on Aug 08, 2010
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06/20/2013

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iKnow
ARABIC
WORDS + PHRASES + CONVERSATIONS
Beginner Level Arabic Program
 
23
Welcome to
Living Language iKnow Arabic 
. This audio fash cardprogram lets you see and hear all o the essential words, phrases,and conversations that you need to get by in Arabic. Just listen tothe native speakers o Arabic and repeat in the pauses.Beore we get started learning new words, phrases, and sentences,let’s rst take a look at Arabic script.
Arabic Script 1
Are you ready to learn how to read Arabic script?Make sure to go through these sections in order (Arabic Script 1,then Arabic Script 2, etc.), because they build on each other.We’ll start with vowels. There are three “long” vowels in Arabic.
aa
 The letter
’ali 
is pronounced “aa,” as in the “a” in “bath.”
uu
 The letter
waaw
is pronounced “uu,” as in the “oo” in “pool.”
ii
 The letter
yaa’
is pronounced “ii,” as in the “ee” in “see.
 There are also three “short” vowels, which are represented by symbolsabove or below a letter, and not by actual letters o the alphabet.
ya, wa
 The slash over a letter (
atHa
) is pronounced “a.”
yu, wu
 The small hook over a letter (
Damma
) is pronounced “u.”
yi, wi
 The slash under a letter (
kasra
) is pronounced “i.”
Note, however, that two o the long vowels can also be consonants.
way, yay
 The letter
yaa’
is the consonant “y,” as in “yes,”
 
when it ollows or precedesanother vowel.
yaw, waw
 The letter
waaw
is the consonant “w,” as in “water,”
 
when it ollows orprecedes another vowel.
way, yay
Notice that when a consonant, such as “y,” ends a word, a small circle(
sukuun
) is written on top o it.
Now let’s learn more about consonants.Most Arabic consonants have our orms, depending on wherethey’re used in a word.
b, t, th
Independent orms are used on their own.
 
45
b, t, th
Initial orms are used at the beginning o words.
b, t, th
Medial orms are used in the middle o words.
b, t, th
Final orms are used at the end o words.
Next, let’s practice each consonant on its own.You will see all the orms o each consonant listed in a row, romindependent and initial to medial and nal.
b
 The letter
baa’
(
b
)
 
is pronounced like the “b” in “boy.”
t
 The letter
taa’
(
t
) is pronounced like the “t” in “take.”
th
 The letter
thaa’
(
th
) is pronounced like the “th” in “think.”
You can already read some words now!Here are words that use the letters you’ve learned so ar.
baab
door 
buyuut
houses
thaabit
fxed, frm
’ab
ather 
Note that when a consonant is ollowed by another consonant (asin the ollowing word, with
y
+
t
), the small circle,
sukuun
, is writtenon top o it.
bayt
house
Arabic Script 2
Here are more Arabic consonants you should know.
 j
 The letter
 jiim
(
 j
) is pronounced like the “j” in “jam” or the “s” in “pleasure.”

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