to Mushroom Culture/3
AN OVERVIEW OF TECHNIQUES
FOR MUSHROOM CULTIVATION
echniques for cultivating mushrooms,
the species, follow the same basic pattern.Whereas two species may differ in temperature requirements, pH
on which they grow, the
leading to fruiting are essentially the same. They can be summarizedas
Preparation and pouring of agar media into petri dishes.2. Germination of
and isolation of pure mushroom mycelium.3. Expansion of mycelial mass on agar media.4. Preparation of grain media.5. Inoculation of grain media with pure mycelium grown on agar media.6.
of inoculated grain media (spawn).7. A. Laying out grain spawn onto
B. Inoculation of grain spawn into bulk substrates.
of substrate with a moist mixture of peat and other materials.
temperature, increasing humidity to 95%, increasing air circulation,
decreasing carbon dioxide and/or
temperature, lowering humidity to 85-92%, maintaining air cir-
culation, carbon dioxide and/or light levels.
With many species moderate crops can be produced on cased grain cultures. Or, the
can go one step further and inoculate compost, straw or wood. In either case, the fruiting of mush-rooms requires a high humidity environment that can be readily
ture, mushrooms don't grow.In the subsequent chapters standard methods for germinating spores are discussed, followed byTechniques for growing mycelium on agar, producing grain and/or bran "spawn", preparing
posted and non-composted substrates, spawn running, casing and pinhead formation. With this laststep the methods for fruiting various species diverge and techniques specific to each mushroom areindividually outlined. A trouble-shooting guide helps cultivators identify and solve problems that are
commonly encountered. This is followed by a thorough analysis of the contaminants and pests of
mushroom culture and a chapter explaining the nature of mushroom genetics. In all, the book is asystem of knowledge that integrates the various techniques developed by commercial growersworldwide and makes the cultivation of mushrooms at home a practical endeavor.