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Feast & Holidays of the Bible

Feast & Holidays of the Bible

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Published by DwordwasGod
Feast and Holidays of the Bible.
Passover, Unleavened Bread, Firsfruits, Shavout (Pentecost), Rosh HaShanah (Feast of Trumpets), Yom Kippur, Sukkot, Simchat Torah, Hanukkah, Purim.
Feast and Holidays of the Bible.
Passover, Unleavened Bread, Firsfruits, Shavout (Pentecost), Rosh HaShanah (Feast of Trumpets), Yom Kippur, Sukkot, Simchat Torah, Hanukkah, Purim.

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Categories:Types, Brochures
Published by: DwordwasGod on Aug 09, 2010
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07/03/2011

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of
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kkah
(chanukah)
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-
Dates
of
Feasts
and
Holidays
of
the
Bible
-
Scripture
References
for
the
Feasts
-
Hebrew
Names
-
Fascinating
Facts
:
Fulfillmentby
Yeshua
(Jesus)
 
PASSOVER
and
UNTSAVBNBD
BRBAI)FIRSTTRUITS
Firstfruits: 0fferings
are
Given
for the Spring
Barley Harvest
0n
Yom
HaBikkurim(/ome
Hah-Bee-koo-REEM)people
offered the
first
ripe
sheaf
(firstfruits)of
barley
to
the
LoRu
as an
act of dedicating the
harvest
to
him.
0n
Passover,
a
markedsheaf
of
grain
was
bundled
andleftstanding
in
the field. 0n the
next
day,
the
first
day
of
Unleavened Bread,
the
sheaf
wascut and
prepared
forthe offering
on the
third
day.
0n this third
day, Yom HaBikkurim,
the
priest
waved the sheaf
before
the
Lono.
Counting
the
days
(omer)then
begins
and continues until the
day
after the
seventh Sabbath,
the50th
day,
which
is
called
Shavuotor
Pentecost(thenext
feast
0n
the
calendar).
Jewish
people
rarely
celebrate
Yom
HaBikkurim today,
but
it
has
greatsignificancefor followersof
Jesus as
the most important
day
of
theyear,
the
day
of Jesus'
resurrection.Feasts
of
Weeks:
0tferings are
Given
and
Commemorates Giving
of the Law
Fifty days
after
Passover,
Sharuof(Sha-voo-0TE)
is celebrated. Also known as Pentecost,
Feast
ofWeeks, the
Feast
ofHarvest, and
the
Latter Firstfruits,
it
is
the
time to
presentan offering of newgrainof
thesummerwheat
harvest
tothe
Lono.
It
shows
joy
and
thanKulness
for
the
Lono's
blessing
of
harvest.
0ften
called
Matin
Torah
\giuingof
the
Law),
it
is
tied t0the
Ten
Commandments because
it
is believed
God
gaveMoses the
Ten
Commandments at
this
time.Historically, children receive treats
for
memorizing Scripture
at
Shavuot. The book
of
Ruth is
often
read
to
celebrate
the
holiday. Pentecost is apopularday
for Jewish
Confirmation.Shavuot is one of the
three
pilgrimagefeasts
when
all
Jewish
males
were
required
to
go
to
Jerusalem
to
"appearbefore
the
Lono."(Deuteronomy'l
6:'l 6)
Feast
of
Trumpets: The
Beginning of the Civil
New Year
Rosh HaShanah(RoshHa-SHA-nah),
the
Ten Days
of
Repentance
that
follow
it,
andYom
Kippur make
up
the
HighHoly Days.
Jewishtradition
says
that
God
writeseveryperson'swords,
deeds, and
thoughts
in
the
Book
of
Life,
which
he
opens and examines
on
this
day.
lf
good
deeds
outnumber sinful
ones
forthe
year,
that
person's
name
will
be inscribed
in
the
book
for anotheryear
on Yom Kippur.So
during
Rosh HaShanahand
the
Ten Days
of
Repentance,people
canrepent
of
theirsins and dogood
deeds
to
increase
their chances of being inscribed
in
the
Book
of
Life.Prior
to
Rosh HaShanah,
the
sfolar(ram's
horn) is blown
to
call
people
to
repent and remind them that the
holy
days
are
arriving.
During
the
Rosh HaShanah
synagogue services, the shofar is blown 100 times.
TRUMPETS
Oa
Rosh
1
TISHRI
(SEPTEMBER
oR ocToBER)
Ieaiticus
Pesach
14
NISN
(xrARCH
OR
APRII)
Leai,ticus
23:4,
5
Exodus12:1-4
Passover
and
UnleavenedBread:Commemorates God'sDeliverance
oflsrael
Out
of
Egypt
Pesach
(PAY-sahk)
means
to"pass
over."The Passover meal,seder
(SAY
der), commemorates
the
lsraelites'deliverance
fromslaveryin
Egypt.
The
Lono
sent
Moses
to
lead
thechildren of
lsrael
from
Egypt
to
thePromised
Land.
When
first
confronted
by
Moses, Pharaoh refused
to
let
the
people
go.
After
sendingnineplagues,
the
Lono
saidthe
firstborn
males
of
everyhouse
would
die unless
the
doorframe of
that
house wascovered
with the
blood
of
aperfectlamb. That night,
the
Lono
"passed
over"the
homes
with
blood onthedoorframes.The
tenth
plaguebroughtdeath
to
the
firstborn
sons
of
Egypt,even
taking the lifeof
Pharaoh's
own
son.Finally, Pharaoh let
thechildren of
lsraelgo.Passover was
to
be alastingordinance
for
generations
to
come.
ln
Leviticus,
the
Lono
said
that
onthe
foudeenth
day ofthe
first
month
(of
the
religious newyear)the
Lono's
Passover was
to
begin at
twilight.
ln Leviticus
23, Hag
HaMatzol(Hawg
Hah MAHT zot)
or
Hag HaMaEah,
also known
as
the
"Feast
of
Unleavened
Bread," is mentioned as
a separate
feast
on
the fifteenth
day of
thesamemonthas
Passover.
Today, however,
thefeasts of
Pesach, Unleavened Bread,
and Firstfruits
have
all
been
incorporated
into
thecelebration of
Passover,andreference
Io
Passovermeans all
three feasts.
Passover iscelebrated
foreight
days,Nisan
14-21. The
Lono
said
thatfor
seven days
the children of lsrael must eat unleavened
bread.
This
bread, made
in a hurry without
yeast,
represents how the
Lono
brought
the lsraelites out of
Egypt
in
haste.
ln Scripture,
leaven
also
represents sin.
0rthodox Jews
believe
that
not 0nly is eating
bread
with
leaven
unlaMul duringthe
Feast
of
UnleavenedBread,
but
even
having
leaven
presentin one's
house
or apadment
is
forbidden.
Today,
cleansing
the
house
before
Passover is
often
a
symbolic
search
to
removeany
hypocrisy
or
wickedness.
UnleavenedBread isone of
the threepilgrimagefeasts whenall Jewish
males
were
required
to
go
toJerusalem to"appear
before
the
Lono."(Deut.16:16)
(MARCH
OR
APRII)
Ieai,ticus23:6-8
Exodus12:15-20
Halllatzot
Ieaiticas
23:9-14
aBikkurim
16
NISN
(MARCH
OR
APRII)
6
srymv
(MAY
ORJL.NE)
Ieai,ticus
23:15-22FEASTOF
WBBKS
on
PBNTECOSTFEASTOFNEWYEAR
HaShanah
23:23-25
 
Jesus
ate
the
Passover
with
his
disciples,
saying
that
he had
eagerly desiredto
eat
this
Passover
wiih
them
beforehe
suffered
and
that
he
would noteatitagain untilthe kingdomof
God
comes.
(Luke
22:7-16) Afterthe
Passovermeal,
they
sang a
hymn
and
went to the
Mount
of
Olives.
(Matthew26:30) The
hymn
sung during
Passoveris
theHallelwhich includes
Psalm
118:22'."Ihe
stone
thebuildersrejected
hasbecome
the capstone." Jesus
is
the
capstone
that the builders rejected.(Matthew
21:42;1
Peler
2:71
Jesus
was crucified on
Passover Day as
the"Lambof
God
who takes away thesin
of
the
world."
(John1:29)
The
Lord's Supper is a
remembrance of
his
sacrifice
as
thepedect
Passover Lamband
the fullfilment
of
the
new
covenant between
God
andman.
(Luke
22:20;
l
Corinthians
5:7;
Ephesians
2:1
1
-1
3)Prophecy
of this sacrifice
is
foundin
Psalm 22. The Hebrew
prophet
lsaiahalso spoke
of the sufferingsand sacrifice
of
the
Messiah,
andhowthatsacrificewould
be
theultimate atonementfor thesins of
God'speople.(lsaiah53)
Matzotis
plural
for
matzah.Unleauened bread(matzah)is
a
symbol
0f
Passover.
Leaven represents
sin.
(Luke12:1;ICorinthians5:8)Matzahstandsfor"withoutsin"andisapictureof
Jesus,theonlyhumanwithout
sin. Jesus saidthat
the
"bread
of
God
is
he
whocomes down
from
heavenandgiveslife to the
world"
and
that
he
(Jesus)
is
the"bread
of
life,"the"bread
that
came down
from
heaven,"
"the
living bread"
which
a man may eatand not die.
(John
6:32, 35, 41,
48)
While leaven
is
asymbolof sin,
the
Messiah is"unleavened"or sinless.
He
conquersthegrave
with
his
resurrectionbecausehe is nota sinner underthecurse 0f death. Jesus
was
scourged
and
pierced
at
hiscrucifixion.As
theprophet
lsaiahproclaims,
"By
his
stripeswearehealed."
(lsaiah53:5)
All
of
the festivals instituted
by
God,
including
Passover
and
Unleavened Bread, are
"shadows
of
things tocome."
(Colossians
2:1
7)Yom
HaBikkurim
is
apicture0fJesus'resurrection.Jesus
roseon
the
third
day
of
Passoverseason,
Nisan
16,
the
day
ofFirstfruits. Thateventgavenew meaning to thisagricultural
holiday.The
apostle
Paul,a
Jewish believer and
rabbi,
wrote,"ButChrist
has
indeedbeen
raised
fromthe
dead,
the
firstfruits
ofthose
who
have
fallen
asleep.For
as
in
Adamall
die,
s0in
Christ
all
will
be
made
alive. But each in
his
ownturn:Christ,thefirstfruits;
then,whenhecomes,thosewhobelongt0him."(1Corinthiansl5:20,22,23,Nl\l)
Jesus' resurrection
is
thepromiseofthe future resurrection
of
believers.(John5:28,
29)
Although mosibelieversinJesus
have
never heardofYomHaBikkurim, theycelebrateitasResurrection
Day,
or
Easter
Jesus told his disciples to
wait
in Jerusalem following
his
crucifixion, resurrection,and
ascension.They
were
all
together
in
the upper
room
for Shavuot
on
the 50th
day
after the Sabbathof
Passover
week, thus, the
first
day
0fthe week. The
Holy
Spiritfilled the
house,
with
a
soundlikeamighty
wind
and
what
appeared
to
be
tongues
of
fire,
and
filled thedisciples.
(Acts
2)
The
apostle
Peter
referred to theprophetJoelwho
said
that
God
would"pourouthis Spirit
on
all
flesh."(Joel2:28-32)
Peter
also
said
that the risenand exalted Jesushadpouredoutthe
Holy
Spirit.
(Acts
2:32,33)
The
peopleresponded
to
Peter's message
with
repentance, and
more
than3,000were
baptized.(Acts
2:37-40)The newcovenant between
God
andlsrael(Jeremiah
31
:3
1
;
Hebrews
9:1
4,
1
5)is initiatedon
Shavuot,
50
days
afterthedeath of
Christ.Bosh HaShanah is
sometimes refened
to
as
the
Day
of Judgment. Jesus said he
has
the authority tojudge
people
(John5:24-27)
and
the apostle
Paul
refened
to
him
as
thejudgeof
"the
living
and
thedead."
(2
Tim.4:1)
God doeshave
a
book
of life; Revelation 21:27callsit the"Lamb's
book
oflife."
The
onlyway
to
have
one'sname inscribed
in
it
is
through
faith
inJesus as
Savior
fromsin,
and
then
it
is
permanent.(John
1
0:27-30)
Those
whose names
are
not
in
the
book
will
be
judgedand sentenced
to
hell:
"lf
anyone's
name
was
not
found
written
in
the
book
oflife,
he
was thrown
into
the lake
of
fire."
(Rev.
20:15)
Some
people
believe
thefourspring
holidays(Passover,UnleavenedBread,
Firstfruits,and
FeastofWeeks)
were
fulfilled
in
Messiah's
first
coming
and
that the three autumn
holidays(Feast
ofTrumpets,
Day
ofAtonement, and
Feast
of
Booths)
will
be
fulfilled at his
second coming.
.
Rosh HaShanah isa
serious
New Year holiday,
not a happy one likeJanuary
1.
A
common custom
is
sending
cards
to
relatives
and
friends to wish thema
happy,healthy,
andprosperousnew
year.
The message
includes
the
greeting
L'shanahtovah
tikatevoo,
which
means"Mayyoube inscribed
fin
the
Book
ofLife] for
a
good
year."
r
It
is
traditional
t0
eat apple slices dipped in
honey. The
apples represent
provision,and
the honey representssweetness for the coming
year.
.
Many
Jewish
people
attend
Rosh HaShanah and Yom Kippur
services even if theyhave notattended synagogue services the restofthe
year.
Feast
0f Trumpets in
the
Hebrew Scriptures: Numbers
29:1-6
.
NDE
nlybit
Jn
D'l\
El''l!'l!!;"1
nylp
.
Jesus'parentstraveled toJerusalemyearly
to
celebrate
Passover.
At
age
I
2,Jesus
went with them.
(Luke
2:41-50)
.
The
Passover
lamb must
be
aperfectmale
with
n0
spot 0r blemish.
(Exodus12:5)
.
The cupofthe Lord's
Supperis
the
third
cup
of
the
Passover seder,
thecup ofredemption. The bread
of
the Lord'sSupper
is
Ihe
afikomen.lt
is
the matzah
that
is
broken,
hidden,
found,
bought
foraprice,and then
eaten
t0
end
the
meal.
Afikomenmeans
"l
came" in
Greek.
.
A hymn is usually sung
at
theend of the
pass0ver
service, as was the
case
withJesus and his disciples.(Matthew26:30)
Passover
in
the
HebrewScriptures:
Ex.
12;
Nu.
9:28:16-25
2 Ch.35:1-19; Ezt.6:19tEle.45:21
Passover
in
the
NewTestament: lvlatthew
26;
l\4ark
14; Luke
22iJohn6:4i
I
1;
13;
I9;
1
Corinthians5:7
.
The only type
of
bread eaten duringtheeight days of Passover/Unleavened Bread
is
matzah.
lt
is made
with flour
andwateronly, not any leaven.
lt
is
stripedandpiercedduringbaking.
.
Theutensils used
must
never
touch
leaven. Bakeryg00dsare made
with
matzahmeal.
.
0n the night
before
Passover,
the
father
does
a
final
search
for
any remaining leaven
in
the
house. Traditionally,by candlelight,hesweeps any remaining breadcrumbs onto
a
woodensp00n
with
ag00sefeather.When finished,
the
breadcrumbs,the feather,and thesp00nareplacedina bag
and
burned
the
next morning.
Unleavened Bread in
the
HebrewScriptures: Exodus
23:15; 34:18; 2
Chronicles
30iE7la6'.22
UnleavenedBreadin
the
New Testament: Acts 12:3: 20:6
Biblicalevents
that
happened
on
this
day:
.
Themanna,
which
God
provided
from
heaven
as
food for
the
lsraeliteswhile theywandered
in
the wilderness,stopped aftertheycrossed the Jordan River into
the
PromisedLand.(Joshua5:10-12)
r
Oueen
Estherrisked her life to save theJewishpeople
from
annihilation.(Esther3:12-5:7)
.
Jesus
rose
from
the dead on the
third
day.
(luke
24:44-47\
.
Since the Temple was destroyed
in no
70,
firstfruits
sacrifices and offerings are no longeroffered 0n
this
day. Today,
Jews
use
this
date
to
begin the counting
of
the
days(omer).0n
the
33rd day ofcounting
the
omer,
aminor rabbinicalholiday called Lag
B'0mer
is
celebrated wherecampfires are built andpeopleroastpotatoesand sing
songs.
.
Shavuot is celebrated 50days after
Passover,
so it became known as
Pentecost,
which
means
"50"
in
Greek. Thedays
from
Passover
to
Shavuot are
counted at weeklySabbath
services.
.
Special foods for
this
holidayare dairyfoods,such as cheesecakeand
cheese
blintzes,
because
the Law
is
compared
to
milkand
honey.
.
Homes
and synagogues
are
decoratedwith flowersand
greenery,
which
representthe harvest and the
Torahas
a"tree
oflife."
0bservant Jews often
spend
the nightreading and studying the
Torah.
Feast
ofWeeks
in
the
Hebrew
Scriptures:Ex.34:22;
Dt.
16:9,
'10;
2
Ch.
8:13;
Ezekiel
I
(Traditionalreading)Feast of Weeks in
the
New Testament:
Acts
2:1
-41;
20:1
6;
1 Corinthians
1
6:8; James
1
:1
8
;r;p,l
uN-l

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