INTRODUCTIONInformation and Communication Technology (ICT) is concerned with the use of technologymanaging and processing information. ICT deals with the use of electronic computers andcomputer software to convert, store, protect, process, transmit, and retrieve information. OpenSource Software (OSS) can be defined as computer software for which the human-readablesource code is made available under a copyright license (or arrangement such as the publicdomain) that meets the Open Source Definition. This permits users to use, change, and improvethe software, and to redistribute it in modified or unmodified form. Application software can bemainly classified under few categories which are Enterprise software, Enterprise infrastructuresoftware, Information worker software, Media and entertainment software, Educational software,Media development software, and Product engineering software.
THE LATEST OPEN SOURCE OPERATING SYSTEM
Meaning of Open Source OSOpen Source Operating System is the most important program that runs ona computer that is free to use, change, and improve the software, and to redistribute itin modified or unmodified forms. Every general-purpose computer must have anoperating system to run other programs. Operating systems perform basic tasks, suchas recognizing input from the keyboard, sending output to the display screen, keepingtrack of files and directories on the disk, and controlling peripheral devices suchas disk drives and printers.
Examples of Open Source OS
Window 7Windows 7
Windows 7 was releasedto manufacturing on July 22, 2009, and reachedgeneral retail availability on October 22, 2009, lessthan three years after the release of its predecessor,Windows Vista.Windows 7's server counterpart,Windows Server 2008 R2,was released at thesame time. Windows 7 will be succeeded byWindows 8,which has no release date as of yet.Unlike its predecessor, Windows Vista, which introduced a large number of new features,Windows 7 was intended to be a more focused, incremental upgrade to the Windows line, with