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The Latest Open Source Available And the Latest Development in Ict

The Latest Open Source Available And the Latest Development in Ict

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Published by Amirul Asyraf

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Amirul Asyraf on Aug 09, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Mohd Noor Shafiq Bin Noor Saidan
Mohd Zuhairy Bin Osman
Amirul Asyraf Bin Mohd Azam
INTRODUCTIONInformation and Communication Technology (ICT) is concerned with the use of technologymanaging and processing information. ICT deals with the use of electronic computers andcomputer software to convert, store, protect, process, transmit, and retrieve information. OpenSource Software (OSS) can be defined as computer software for which the human-readablesource code is made available under a copyright license (or arrangement such as the publicdomain) that meets the Open Source Definition. This permits users to use, change, and improvethe software, and to redistribute it in modified or unmodified form. Application software can bemainly classified under few categories which are Enterprise software, Enterprise infrastructuresoftware, Information worker software, Media and entertainment software, Educational software,Media development software, and Product engineering software.
Meaning of Open Source OSOpen Source Operating System is the most important program that runs ona computer that is free to use, change, and improve the software, and to redistribute itin modified or unmodified forms. Every general-purpose computer must have anoperating system to run other programs. Operating systems perform basic tasks, suchas recognizing input from the keyboard, sending output to the display screen, keepingtrack of files and directories on the disk, and controlling peripheral devices suchas disk drives and printers.
Examples of Open Source OS
Window 7Windows 7
is a version of Microsoft Windows,aseries of operating systemsproduced byMicrosoft for use onpersonal computers,including home andbusinessdesktops,laptops,netbooks,tablet PCs,  andmedia centerPCs.
 Windows 7 was releasedto manufacturing on July 22, 2009, and reachedgeneral retail availability on October 22, 2009, lessthan three years after the release of its predecessor,Windows Vista.Windows 7's server counterpart,Windows Server 2008 R2,was released at thesame time. Windows 7 will be succeeded byWindows 8,which has no release date as of yet.Unlike its predecessor, Windows Vista, which introduced a large number of new features,Windows 7 was intended to be a more focused, incremental upgrade to the Windows line, with
the goal of being compatible with applications and hardware with which Windows Vista isalready compatible. Presentations given by Microsoft in 2008 focused onmulti-touchsupport, aredesignedWindows Shellwith a newtaskbar,referred to as the Superbar, a home networking system called HomeGroup, and performance improvements. Some standard applications thathave been included with prior releases of Microsoft Windows, includingWindows Calendar, Windows Mail,Windows Movie Maker,andWindows Photo Gallery,are not included in Windows 7; most are instead offered separately atno chargeas part of theWindows Live Essentialssuite.Originally, a version of Windows codenamed 
 was planned as the successor toWindows XP(codenameWhistler)andWindows Server 2003.Major features were planned for Blackcomb, including an emphasis on searching and querying data and an advanced storagesystem namedWinFSto enable such scenarios. However, an interim, minor release, codenamed"Longhorn," was announced for 2003, delaying the development of Blackcomb.By the middle of 2003, however, Longhorn had acquired some of the features originally intended for Blackcomb.After three majorvirusesexploited flaws in Windows operating systems within a short timeperiod in 2003, Microsoft changed its development priorities, putting some of Longhorn's majordevelopment work on hold while developing newservice packsfor Windows XP and WindowsServer 2003.Development of Longhorn (Windows Vista)was also restarted, and thus delayed, inAugust 2004. A number of features were cut from Longhorn.
Mac OS XMac OS X
(pronounced/mæk ,o
)is a series of Unix-basedoperating systemsandgraphical user interfacesdeveloped, marketed, and sold byApple Inc.Since 2002, Mac OS X has been included withall newMacintoshcomputer systems. It is thesuccessor toMac OS 9,the final release of the"classic"Mac OS,which had been Apple'sprimary operating system since 1984.Mac OS X, whose
 and is a prominent part of itsbrand identity,is aUnix-basedgraphicaloperating system, built on technologies developed atNeXTbetween the second half of the 1980s and Apple's purchaseof the company in late 1996. From its sixth releaseMac OS X v10.5"Leopard" and onwards,every release of Mac OS X gainedUNIX 03certification while running onIntelprocessors. The first version released wasMac OS X Server 1.0in 1999, and a desktop-oriented version,Mac OS X v10.0"Cheetah" followed on March 24, 2001. Releases of Mac OS X are named afterbig cats:for example, Mac OS X v10.6 is usually referred to by Apple and users as "SnowLeopard". Theserveredition,Mac OS X Server,isarchitecturallyidentical to its desktop counterpart, and includes tools to facilitate management of workgroups of Mac OS X machines,and to provide access tonetwork services.These tools include amail transfer agent,aSamba

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