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The Gaguz Ethnic Minority

The Gaguz Ethnic Minority

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Published by Discordia Dieux
Presentation sustained by myself at a course of Political Representation of Ethnic Minorities in the MA Program
Presentation sustained by myself at a course of Political Representation of Ethnic Minorities in the MA Program

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Published by: Discordia Dieux on Aug 09, 2010
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11/04/2012

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Comparative Politics II
The Gagauz minority in the Republic of Moldavia
The census of 2004 recorded 147,500 Gagauz of a total population of 4,320,000, populationconcentrated in the ATU Gagauzia situated in the South-East of the Republic of Moldavia, at the border withUkraine, in the Odessa region.According to statistics, the region has a population of 155.646 (4,6% of the Moldavian total population, excepting the population from Transnistria), out of which 133,477 Gagauz, 12,702 Moldavians,7811 Bulgarians, 3882 Russians, 3710 Ukrainians.Out of the inhabiting population, 93% of the population is of Orthodox religion. They are either Christianized and Bulgarianized Turks or linguistically Turkicized Christian Bulgarians which speak thenorth-western dialect of Turkish with many Slavic, particularly Bulgarian and lately Russian, additions.The Gagauz claim that they migrated to Bessarabia in the late eighteenth and early nineteenthcentury. Only a handful now remain in their original area of settlement, the western shores of the Black Sea(Romania and Bulgaria). With the annexation of Bessarabia to Russia, the Gagauz settled in southernBessarabia as privileged colonists.The autonomous administrative unit of Gagauzia has a special statute, being the result of theautodetermination of the Gagauz minority of Moldavia, and is an inalienable part of the Republic of Moldavia.Article 111 of the Constitution of the Republic of Moldavia states that Gagauzia is an administrativeunit which has the right to independently be in charge, in the limits of its competences and in the interest of the whole population, of the political, economical and cultural issues of the region and on the territory of theATU Gagauzia all rights and liberties granted by the Moldavian constitution and its laws are guaranteed bythe Moldavian institutions present in the region.The Gagauz region, counting three rayons: Comrat, Ceadîr-Lunga, Vulcăneşti acquired its autonomyafter a long period of civil disrupt, emerging before the fall of the Soviet Union.Gagauz movements argued long before for cultural and political autonomy, but because of the Lawon the Spoken Languages from 1990 which was interpreted as discriminatory by the Gagauz political circles,the struggle emerged.The conflict intensified once the popular Gagauz movement “Gagauz-halkî” was disolved because of its struggle for autonomy and of what was considered a lack of respect towards the Moldavian constitution.It is only until 1994 that the Constitution grants autonomy to certain regions of the Republic of Moldavia, and through Law nr. 344-XIII the special juridical statute of Gagauzia is established.In 1998 the Popular Assembly of Gagauzia adopts the Regulation of Gagauzia as the local law to produce its effects of the territory of the autonomous region.The region is administrated by the Popular Assembly led by a Baskan.The Assembly has competences in adopting normative acts with compulsory execution, dwellingwith finding solutions for the territorial organization of the region, participation at the promotion of the

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