Turning stock usually makes up most lathe work. The work usually is held between centers or in a chuck, and a right-hand turning tool is used, so that the cutting forces, resulting fromfeeding the tool from right to left, tend to force the work piece against the head stock and thusprovide better work support.
TEST BAR OR WIGGLER BAR
Before you start the turning operation, set the tail stock back to 000 using a 18-inch bar thatis turned to exactly the same diameter on each end. To make this bar, get a 1-inch bar 18inches long, center it and set it up between centers.Make a light pass and check both ends to see if they measure the same. If not, adjust the tailstock and make another pass. Repeat the above operations until the bar measures the sameon both ends.This bar, you save, as you will be using it again each time you true up the tail stock. Once youhave the bar completed, all that is necessary is to put it between centers. Clamp a dialindicator to the carriage on the lathe.With the plunger of the indicator on the bar, start from the head stock end (without the lathebeing turned on) and move the carriage to the tail stock end. If there is any difference in size,adjust the tail stock and repeat until the dial indicator reads the same on each end.