What is elastic recoil?
As blood is ejected into the large arteries, their walls expand toaccommodate the increased blood flow. As the ventricles relax, theelastic recoil of the arterial wall forces the blood forward through thesystem. It is this pressure exerted by arteries during diastole of theventricles that maintains blood pressure and therefore blood flowthrough the body.
Distinguish between vasoconstriction and vasodilation.
In response to a sympathetic message, smooth muscle of theartery contracts and narrows the vessel lumen diameter (vasoconsriction).When the sympathetic message is removed, the arterial smoothmuscle relaxes and vessel lumen diameter increases (vasodilation).
Name the two types of arteries based on size and function.
There are two types of arteries based on size:1. elastic (conducting) arteries2. muscular (distributing) arteries
. ELASTIC (CONDUCTING) ARTERIES
Describe and name the elastic arteries.
Elastic arteries contain primarily elastin fibers in the tunicamedia. They are also called conducting arteries becausethey are large arteries that conduct blood away from theheart.Elastic arteries are the ones that accommodate bloodsurging from the left ventricles during systole. They are the:aortabrachiocephalicright and left common carotid arteriesright and left subclavian arteriesright and left vertebral arteriesright and left common iliac arteries.
What are pressure reservoirs?
The stretched elastic fibers of the elastic arteries momen-tarily store some of this energy and therefore function aspressure reservoirs. During diastole, the elastic fibers recoil,converting their stored energy into kinetic energy and thus