Movement of substances
Movement of substances consists of diffusion, osmosis, and active transport.
The net movement of particles
down a concentration gradient
is known asdiffusion.Concentration gradient is the
the concentration gradient, the
the rate of diffusion.Solutes diffuse
of each other (ie particles of different substances willbe evenly distributed in a solution)Diffusion of substances can occur across a cell surface membrane.The cells of our lungs exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide through diffusion and sodo plant cells such as root hair cells.
The movement of water molecules through a
, froma solution of
potential.Water potential is a measure of the
of water to
one place toanother
• A dilute solution has a higher water potential (and vice versa)• Solutions of similar concentration have similar water potentialConcentration gradient is affected by• Size of particles• Membrane thickness• Pore size / pressure / temperature• Surface area
Chapter 3 - Movement of substances