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Movement of Substances

Movement of Substances

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Published by Jason Ng
Chapter 3
Chapter 3

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Published by: Jason Ng on Aug 10, 2010
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02/10/2011

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Movement of substances
Movement of substances consists of diffusion, osmosis, and active transport.
Diffusion
The net movement of particles
down a concentration gradient
is known asdiffusion.Concentration gradient is the
difference
in
concentration
between
two
 
regions
.The
gentler
the concentration gradient, the
slower
the rate of diffusion.Solutes diffuse
independently
of each other (ie particles of different substances willbe evenly distributed in a solution)Diffusion of substances can occur across a cell surface membrane.The cells of our lungs exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide through diffusion and sodo plant cells such as root hair cells.
Osmosis
The movement of water molecules through a
partially
 
permeable
 
membrane
, froma solution of 
higher
to
lower
potential.Water potential is a measure of the
tendency
of water to
move
from
one place toanother
.
• A dilute solution has a higher water potential (and vice versa)• Solutions of similar concentration have similar water potentialConcentration gradient is affected by• Size of particles• Membrane thickness• Pore size / pressure / temperature• Surface area
Chapter 3 - Movement of substances
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