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The History and Philosophy of Astronomy Lecture 16: Birth of Astrophysics. Presentation

The History and Philosophy of Astronomy Lecture 16: Birth of Astrophysics. Presentation

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Published by ertipole2
Volker Bromm. University of Texas at Austin. Big Q: What is the Nature of the Stars? Auguste Comte founder of Positivism. Which questions would an astronomer have asked about the stars in the early 1800s? The Hunt for Stellar Parallax! Measuring the Distance to the Stars. Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel. 1838: First stellar parallax. Stellar Motions on the Sky. Great Success: First Stellar Parallax (1838)! The True Brightness of the Stars. What stuff are the Sun and stars made out of? The Message of Starlight (Newton 1666). The Spectrum of the Sun. What are the Spectral Lines? Classifying the Spectra of the Stars. The Harvard Sequence of Spectral Types OBAFGKM Traditional mnemonic: “Oh, Be A Fine Girl, Kiss Me!” Classifying the Spectra of the Stars. Chemical Composition of the Stars. Cecilia Payne-Gaposhkin. Harvard PhD.
Volker Bromm. University of Texas at Austin. Big Q: What is the Nature of the Stars? Auguste Comte founder of Positivism. Which questions would an astronomer have asked about the stars in the early 1800s? The Hunt for Stellar Parallax! Measuring the Distance to the Stars. Friedrich Wilhelm Bessel. 1838: First stellar parallax. Stellar Motions on the Sky. Great Success: First Stellar Parallax (1838)! The True Brightness of the Stars. What stuff are the Sun and stars made out of? The Message of Starlight (Newton 1666). The Spectrum of the Sun. What are the Spectral Lines? Classifying the Spectra of the Stars. The Harvard Sequence of Spectral Types OBAFGKM Traditional mnemonic: “Oh, Be A Fine Girl, Kiss Me!” Classifying the Spectra of the Stars. Chemical Composition of the Stars. Cecilia Payne-Gaposhkin. Harvard PhD.

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Categories:Types, Research, History
Published by: ertipole2 on Aug 10, 2010
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10/25/2012

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The History and Philosophyof Astronomy
(Lecture 16: Birth of Astrophysics I)
Instructor: Volker BrommTA: Jarrett JohnsonThe University of Texas at Austin
Astronomy 350L
(Fall 2006)
 
Big Q: What is the Nature of the Stars?
 
Can we ever know the `Physics of the Stars’?
AugusteComte
(1798-1857)founder of `Positivism’
-real knowledge only due to hard facts,e.g., laboratory science, measurements
claimed that we will never knowthe nature of the stars-distant stars are forever out ofour reach-we cannot conduct laboratoryexperiments with them
(= astrophysics)

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