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The History and Philosophy of Astronomy Lecture 19: Einstein. Presentation

The History and Philosophy of Astronomy Lecture 19: Einstein. Presentation

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Published by ertipole2
Volker Bromm. University of Texas at Austin. Albert Einstein: Revolutionary of Physics. Berlin 1914: World Center of Science. Berlin 1914: Outbreak of WW I. General Theory of Relativity (1915-16). Big Q: What is gravity? Principle of Equivalence (gravity = acceleration). it is possible to “transform away” gravity (locally)! tidal forces betray gravity! globally, gravity is non-uniform! gravity betrayed, gravity: neighboring particles in free-fall slowly converge. Einstein’s great idea: gravity is related to curvature of space! Principle 1: “Matter tells space how to curve”. particles move through spacetime along paths of least resistance. Einstein vs Newton. Old view (Newton): Gravity acts `at-a-distance’. try to detect them with LIGO and LISA! LIGO Experiment (Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory) tries to detect gravitational waves. Anomalous orbit of Mercury. Gravitational redshift. Photon climbing out of gravitational well loses energy. Einstein Tower: built to measure gravitational redshift. Bending of light-rays. Observe bending of light during Solar eclipse. Eddington’s Eclipse Expedition (1919). After 1919: Einstein the Legend. 1919: Divorce and 2nd Marriage. Einstein visits America. Einstein’s Favorite Recreational Spots. Solving Einstein’s Equations of GR. Einstein’s `Greatest Blunder’. Einstein and the Foundation of Israel.
Volker Bromm. University of Texas at Austin. Albert Einstein: Revolutionary of Physics. Berlin 1914: World Center of Science. Berlin 1914: Outbreak of WW I. General Theory of Relativity (1915-16). Big Q: What is gravity? Principle of Equivalence (gravity = acceleration). it is possible to “transform away” gravity (locally)! tidal forces betray gravity! globally, gravity is non-uniform! gravity betrayed, gravity: neighboring particles in free-fall slowly converge. Einstein’s great idea: gravity is related to curvature of space! Principle 1: “Matter tells space how to curve”. particles move through spacetime along paths of least resistance. Einstein vs Newton. Old view (Newton): Gravity acts `at-a-distance’. try to detect them with LIGO and LISA! LIGO Experiment (Laser Interferometer Gravitational-wave Observatory) tries to detect gravitational waves. Anomalous orbit of Mercury. Gravitational redshift. Photon climbing out of gravitational well loses energy. Einstein Tower: built to measure gravitational redshift. Bending of light-rays. Observe bending of light during Solar eclipse. Eddington’s Eclipse Expedition (1919). After 1919: Einstein the Legend. 1919: Divorce and 2nd Marriage. Einstein visits America. Einstein’s Favorite Recreational Spots. Solving Einstein’s Equations of GR. Einstein’s `Greatest Blunder’. Einstein and the Foundation of Israel.

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Published by: ertipole2 on Aug 10, 2010
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05/25/2012

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The History and Philosophyof Astronomy
(Lecture 19: Einstein II)
Instructor: Volker BrommTA: Jarrett JohnsonThe University of Texas at Austin
Astronomy 350L
(Fall 2006)
 
Albert Einstein: Revolutionary of Physics
1879
(Ulm)
 1955
(Princeton)
revolutionized concepts ofspace, time, and gravity
-Special Relativity (1905):
E=mc
2
-General Relativity (1915):
new theory of gravity
co-founder of quantum theory
photons
 
Overview: Einstein’s Life
Nov. 2Nov. 7

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