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Irrigation Guide - USDA

Irrigation Guide - USDA

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Published by: Friends of Catalyst Magazine on Aug 10, 2010
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(210-vi-NEH, September 1997)vPart 652Irrigation Guide
Irrigation Guide
 
United StatesDepartment of Agriculture
NaturalResourcesConservationService
NationalEngineeringHandbook 
 
(210-vi-NEH, September 1997)viPart 652Irrigation Guide
Issued September 1997The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimina-tion in its programs on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, religion,age, disability, political beliefs, and marital or familial status. (Not all pro-hibited bases apply to all programs.) Persons with disabilities who requirealternative means for communication of program information (Braille, largeprint, audiotape, etc.) should contact USDAs TARGET Center at (202) 720-2600 (voice and TDD).To file a complaint, write the Secretary of Agriculture, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, DC 20250, or call 1-800-245-6340 (voice) or (202)720-1127 (TDD). USDA is an equal employment opportunity employer.
 
(210-vi-NEH, September 1997)iPart 652Irrigation Guide
 
Preface
Irrigation is vital to produce acceptable quality and yield of crops on aridclimate croplands. Supplemental irrigation is also vital to produce accept-able quality and yield of crops on croplands in semi-arid and subhumidclimates during seasonal droughty periods. The complete management of irrigation water by the user is a necessary activity in our existence as asociety. Competition for a limited water supply for other uses by the publicrequire the irrigation water user to provide much closer control than everbefore. The importance of irrigated crops is extremely vital to the public'ssubsistence.Today's management of irrigation water requires using the best informationand techniques that current technology can provide in the planning, design,evaluation, and management of irrigation systems. Support for many of thevalues included in this chapter come from field research, established designprocesses, and many system designs and evaluations over many years. Fieldevaluations must always be used to further refine the planning, design,evaluation, and management process. This design guide in the NaturalResources Conservation Service (NRCS), National Engineering Handbook series provides that current technology.Irrigation Guide, Part 652, is a guide. It describes the basics and process forplanning, designing, evaluating, and managing irrigation systems. It pro-vides the process for states to supplement the guide with local soils, crops,and irrigation water requirement information needed to plan, design, evalu-ate, and manage irrigation systems.Irrigation Guide, Part 652, is a new handbook to the family of references inthe NRCS, National Engineering Handbook series. It is written for NRCSemployees who provide technical assistance to the water user with con-cerns for both water quantity and quality. Other technical personnel forFederal, State, private, and local agencies will also find the guide useful as abasic reference when providing technical assistance relating to planning,designing, evaluating, and managing irrigation systems. College and univer-sity instructors will also find the guide useful as a classroom reference.In addition to the irrigation Guide (part 652), chapters in the NationalEngineering Handbook irrigation section (now part 623) describe:Soil-plant relationships and soil water properties that affect move-ment, retention, and release of water in soilIrrigation water requirementsPlanning farm irrigation systemsMeasurement of irrigation waterDesign of pumping plantsDesign criteria and design procedures for surface, sprinkler, andmicro irrigation methods and the variety of systems for each methodthat can be adaptable to meet local crop, water, and site conditionsand irrigation concerns

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