Brief History Of MK-Ultra Page 1 of 41/26/2009
Brief History of MK-Ultra
CIA Program On Mind ControlBy Tom Porter ©1996All Rights ReservedStarted during WWII with research on hypnosis for interrogation, secure courier duties, and reducingfatigue. Also research into effects of primitive drugs like barbiturates and cannabis as far as drug-assisted interrogation goes.George Estabrooks was the leading proponent of hypnosis as the be-all and end-all of manipulating people
minds. His book, 'Hypnotism', published in the early forties, has been decried as too fantasticand improbable in terms of describing the capabilities of hypnosis with certain very suggestible subjects, but his arguments and examples remain valid to this day.Start of Cold War and Korean War in particular gave a big boost to mind control research with theemergence of 'Brain Washing' as a common term. Supposedlya development of the dastardly Chi-Coms, the term was actually coined by a magazine writer later found to be on the CIA payroll as anagent of influence. Postulating a 'brainwashing gap' The CIA got the go-ahead for research intocountering communist mind control efforts and developing their own to aid in the espionage wars.Hypnosis, drugs, and psycho-surgery;separately and combined, were the tools of this quest for theultimate truth serum on the one hand, and the capability to create an agent who could not have his or her mission tortured out of them, or even be aware that they were carrying secret information given to t
an altered state of consciousness. More and more sophisticated drugs were experimented with, such asLSD, Ketamine, and Psilocybine. Lobotomyand the implantation of electrodes were considered asmethods for creating a compliant agent. Electro-ConvulsiveShock, combined with LSD, sedation
at a time, and constantly replaying the patient's own voice through helmet-mountedheadphoneswas a notorious Canadian researcher's recipe for mind control.One of the most remarkable cases of mind control involves a famous model of the late 40's and 50'snamed Candy Jones. In the book, "The Control of CandyJones" the author reviewed hours of tapesmade by Candy Jones and her husband which revealed a systematic program to create and manipulatealter personalities as the foundation for programmed couriers resistant to torture, where the primary personality would not even be aware of the secret information being carried. The information could besummoned forth via a post-hypnotic command or response to a pre-programmed cue.Research continued into early 70's by CIA's own admission during the Church hearings. John Marks,author of the best study of CIA mind control experiments, makes the subtle differentiation that the CIAcongressional witnesses might truthfully say that all research done by the TSS Directorate had ended,since the programs were moved into other areas once operational techniques had been developed. Manyof the names mentioned in reference to mind control research turn up in the few references to supposeddead-end research in ESP.