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Street Gangs - Urban Insurgency

Street Gangs - Urban Insurgency

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Published by J. Perry Stonne
A new kind of war is brewing in the global security
arena. It involves gangs ...
A new kind of war is brewing in the global security
arena. It involves gangs ...

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: J. Perry Stonne on Jun 24, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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09/06/2012

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STREET GANGS:THE NEW URBAN INSURGENCYMax G. Manwaring March 2005
Visit our website for other free publication downloadshttp://www.carlisle.army.mil/ssi
 
ii*****The views expressed in this report are those of the author and do notnecessarily reflect the official policy or position of the Department of theArmy, the Department of Defense, or the U.S. Government. This report iscleared for public release; distribution is unlimited.*****Comments pertaining to this report are invited and should be forwardedto: Director, Strategic Studies Institute, U.S. Army War College, 122 ForbesAve, Carlisle, PA 17013-5244. Copies of this report may be obtained fromthe Publications Office by calling (717) 245-4133, FAX (717) 245-3820, or bye-mail at
SSI_Publishing@carlisle.army.mil
*****All Strategic Studies Institute (SSI) monographs are available on the SSIHomepage for electronic dissemination. SSI’s Homepage address is:
http:// www.carlisle.army.mil/ssi/ 
*****The Strategic Studies Institute publishes a monthly e-mail newsletter toupdate the national security community on the research of our analysts,recent and forthcoming publications, and upcoming conferences sponsoredby the Institute. Each newsletter also provides a strategic commentaryby one of our research analysts. If you are interested in receiving thisnewsletter, please let us know by e-mail at
SSI_Newsletter@carlisle.army.mil
or by calling (717) 245-3133.
ISBN 1-58487-191-1
 
iii
FOREWORD
The intent of this monograph is to identify some of the most salientcharacteristics of contemporary criminal street gangs (that is, thegang phenomenon or third generation gangs), and to explain thelinkage to insurgency. As a corollary, Dr. Max G. Manwaringargues that gang-related crime, in conjunction with the instabilityit wreaks upon governments, is now a serious national security andsovereignty problem in important parts of the global community.Although differences between gangs and insurgents exist, in termsof original motives and modes of operation, this linkage infers thatthe gang phenomenon is a mutated form of urban insurgency. Thatis, these nonstate actors must eventually seize political power toguarantee the freedom of action and the commercial environmentthey want. The common denominator that can link gangs andinsurgents is that some gangs’ and insurgents’ ultimate objective isto depose or control the governments of targeted countries.Thus, a new kind of war is brewing in the global securityarena. It involves youthful gangs that make up for their lack of rawconventional power in two ways. First, they rely on their “streetsmarts,” and generally use coercion, corruption, and co-optation toachieve their ends. Second, more mature gangs (i.e., third generationgangs) also rely on loose alliances with organized criminals anddrug traffickers to gain additional resources, expand geographicalparameters, and attain larger market shares.This monograph contributes significantly to an understandingof the new enemies and the new kinds of threats characteristic ofa world in which instability and irregular conflict are no longer onthe margins of global politics. For those responsible for makingand implementing national security policy in the United States andelsewhere in the world, the analysis of the new threats provided bythe author is compelling. The Strategic Studies Institute is pleasedto offer this cogent monograph as part of the ongoing debate onglobal and regional security.DOUGLAS C. LOVELACE, JR.DirectorStrategic Studies Institute

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