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Construction Equipment Used in Road Construction

Construction Equipment Used in Road Construction

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Construction equipment used in construction industries
Construction equipment used in construction industries

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Published by: Er. Satya Narayan Shah on Aug 11, 2010
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08/29/2013

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Satya Narayan Shah
B.Sc. Engg (Mech), M.Sc. (M.Engg &Management)August, 2006
 MAJOR CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT 
USED IN
ROAD CONSTRUCTION PROJECTS
 
Satya Narayan Shah B.Sc. Engg (Mech), M.Sc. (M.Engg &Management)
 1
CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT
1. Air Compressor2. Rock Drill/ Jack Hammer/ Steel Drill/ Wood Drill3. Concrete Breaker4. Asphalt Cutter5. Rock Splitter6. Compactor7. Impact Wrenches/ Nail Driver8. Grinder9. Concrete Vibrator10. Backfill Tamper11. Circular Saw/ Chain Saw12. Road BroomPNEUMATIC TOOLS
 
MAJOR CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENT USED IN ROADCONSTRUCTION PROJECTS
 
ANCILLARY EQUIPMENTROCK CRUSHERS, ASPHALTANDCONCRETE EQUIPMENTEARTH MOVING AND COMPACTION
 
A. Rock Crushers
1. Jaw Crushers, Double Roll Crusher, Cone Crusher, Hammer Mill2. Screens3. Conveyors
B. Asphalt Plant
1. Central Mix Plant (Batch Plant/ Continuous Mix Plant)2. Hot Oil Heater3. Asphalt Melter4. Bitumen Distributor (Trailer Mounted/ Self propelled)5. Asphalt kettle/ Bitumen Heater6. Portable Mix Plant7. Pavers8. Rotary Sweeper9. Aggregate SpreaderC.
Concrete Plant
1. Aggregate Batching Plant2. Concrete Mixers3. Concrete Pavers4. Concrete Vibrator5. Concrete Saw6. Portable Concrete Curing Machine
A. Earth Moving
1. Dozers (Track/ Wheel)2. Loader / Shovel (Track / Wheel)3. Excavator/ Backhoe (Track/ wheel)4. Scrapers5. Grader6. Hauler (Off-highway haulers, Tipper Truck, Mini Dumper)
B. Compaction Equipment
1. Sheep foot Roller, Tamping Roller2. Steel Wheel Vibratory Roller3. Steel Wheel Static Roller4. Pneumatic Roller5. Plate compactor/ Rammer 1. Water Distributor2. Rotary Tiller Mixer3. Portable Electric generator4. Welding generator5. Crane6. Pile Driver7. Water Pump8. Boring Rig9. Fork Lift10. Trucks Flat Bed11. Low Bed Transporter
 
Satya Narayan Shah B.Sc. Engg (Mech), M.Sc. (M.Engg &Management)
 2
CONSTRUCTION EQUIPMENTAir Compressors & Pneumatic Tools:
Air Compressor:
An air compressor is a machine for compressing air from initial intake pressure to ahigher exhaust pressure through reduction in volume. It provides air energy to drivepneumatic tools and other pneumatic equipment to perform specific jobs. It consists of adriving power unit, a compressor and an air reservoirs and accessories. The driving powerunit is generally a diesel engine but sometimes gasoline engine or electrical motors arealso used to drive the compressor. The air compressor may be reciprocating, rotary orscrew type. Major point of consideration to select an air compressor is the volume of airproduction per minute at a specific pressure. Commonly, Air compressors available forthe road maintenance and construction purposes are ranging from 125 cfm to 6oo cfm at80 to 125 psi. The number of pneumatic tools to be used gives the proper size of the aircompressor. The requirement of air for the most common pneumatic tools is given asbelow.
Pneumatic Tools:
Advantages of pneumatic toolsa.
 
They are easier to maintainb.
 
Ease of operationc.
 
Durabilityd.
 
Working ability in various climatic conditionse.
 
Safer in usef.
 
Not damaged if they are overloaded
Selection of Pneumatic ToolsPneumatic Tools AirQuantity incfmPressurein psiFunctions
Paving Breaker 60-80 80-90 Demolish concrete, brick, asphalt,macadam, ice, column, piers, andfoundations etc.Nail Driver 30-40 90 Drive nails riveting, drive spikes andcutting off the head of rivets.Circular saw 70-80 80-100 Cut wood, brick, stone, concrete, tile,asbestos cement sheets, steel, cast iron,etcChain Saw 90 80-100 Cut hard wood logs, tree branchesSump Pump 100 80-90 De-wateringBackfill Tamper 24-27 80-90 Compact earth in confined areas that arenot accessible to other types of compactorsConcrete vibrator 20-50 85-90 Compact concrete while castingPortable Grinder 45 90 Grind metal, brushing materials etc.Steel Drill 27 90-100 Drill holesRock drill (Jack Hammer) 15-2580-100 Drill holes into rocks for blasting, rock bolting or other purposes

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