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The basics of international humanitarian law

The basics of international humanitarian law

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(Source: International Red Cross) What is international humanitarian law (IHL)? Why is it important? How and who does it protect? Simple and concise answers to these and other related questions are given in this leaflet, including a brief overview of the ICRC's role as the "guardian" of IHL. An ideal first introduction to IHL.

ICRC, Geneva, 2010, 6pp., photos, 10 x 21 cm, English, French, Spanish*, Portuguese* / Free of charge / ref. 0850

http://www.icrc.org/web/eng/siteeng0.nsf/html/p0850
(Source: International Red Cross) What is international humanitarian law (IHL)? Why is it important? How and who does it protect? Simple and concise answers to these and other related questions are given in this leaflet, including a brief overview of the ICRC's role as the "guardian" of IHL. An ideal first introduction to IHL.

ICRC, Geneva, 2010, 6pp., photos, 10 x 21 cm, English, French, Spanish*, Portuguese* / Free of charge / ref. 0850

http://www.icrc.org/web/eng/siteeng0.nsf/html/p0850

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Categories:Types, Brochures
Published by: International Committee of the Red Cross on Aug 11, 2010
Copyright:Traditional Copyright: All rights reserved

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01/30/2013

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 The ICRC is present in over 60 countries.Its network o oces is adjusted regularlyto keep step with developments inarmed conicts and other situations o violence. The headquarters o the ICRC is locatedin Geneva, Switzerland.
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IHL
THE BASICSOF INTERNATIONALHUMANITARIAN LAW
International Committee of the Red Cross19, avenue de la Paix1202 Geneva, Switzerland
T
+ 41 22 734 60 01
F
+ 41 22 733 20 57
E
-mail: shop.gva@icrc.org
www
.icrc.org© ICRC, December 2009Cover photo: Tony Nicoletti/REUTERS 
 
IHL prohibits or limits the use o weapons which areparticularly cruel or which do not distinguish betweencombatants and civilians. It also requires the parties toa conict to :
•distinguishbetweencombatantsandcivilians,
and to rerain rom attacking civilians;
•careforthewoundedandsickandprotect
medical personnel;
•ensurethatthedignityofprisonersofwar
and civilian internees is preserved by allowingvisits by ICRC delegates.
HOW DOES IHL PROTECT?
 TheICRCservesasthe“guardian”ofIHL,basingitsworkon
the our Geneva Conventions o 1949 and their twoAdditional Protocols o 1977. They give the ICRC the right
tocarryoutactivitiessuchasbringingrelieftowounded,sickorshipwreckedmilitarypersonnel,visitingprisonersofwar,restorecontactbetweenmembersoffamiliesseparatedbyconict,aidingciviliansandensuringthat
those protected by humanitarian law are treated accordingly.
WHAT IS THE ICRC’S ROLE?
•internationalhumanitarianlaw(IHL)isasetof
 rules which place restrictions on the use o weaponsand methods o warare.
•Itprotectspeoplewhoarenot,ornolonger,
participating in hostilities.
•IHLaimstoprotecthumandignityandtolimit
 sufering during times o war.
•Itisalsoknownasthelawofwarorthelaw
 o armed conict.
WHAT IS IHL?WHY IS IHL IMPORTANT?
IHL is one o the most powerul tools the internationalcommunity has at its disposal to ensure the saety anddignity o people in times o war. It seeks to preserve a
measureofhumanity,withtheguidingprinciplethateven
in war there are limits.
“The Geneva Conventions… continue to remind us most forcefully of our common obligation to care for each other…” 
Nelson Mandela
    T    h   o   m   a   s    P    i   z   e   r    /    I    C    R    C    W    i    l    l    i   a   m    S   m    i   t    /    I    C    R    C    B   o   r    i   s    H   e   g   e   r    /    I    C    R    C    T    h    i   e   r   r   y    G   a   s   s   m   a   n   n    /    I    C    R    C

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