The Establishment of a Jewish National Home in PalestineThe prophets Isaiah (Isaiah 27:6, 701-681 BC) and Zechariah (Zechariah 8:7-8, 520-518BC) foretold the return of the Jews to their homeland of Israel. The prophet Micah said that theTemple Mount in Jerusalem would become the world’s most important religious site (Micah 4:1,750-686 BC). Prophecies concerning the establishment of a Jewish national home in Palestinethat have been realized, or that are being realized, present far-reaching consequences.Theologian Thomas Brightman (1562-1607) asks the question in a published work of whether the Jews shall return to Jerusalem; answering that nothing is more certain and the prophets confirm it. In 1649, the first of many petitions was dispatched to the Britishgovernment to lift the ban on Jewish settlers in England, and to assist their repatriation toPalestine. The British Consulate opened in Jerusalem in 1839, receiving countless requests toreturn Jews to Palestine (Collins and Ogilvie-Herald, 2003). These influential figures andimportant events started a historical movement that could not be stopped, and Britain would havea hand in most of it.By 1868, Jews had received official status in England. A famous Jew, Benjamin Disraeli(1804-1881), had become Prime Minister of England as Lord Beaconsfield. The first ZionistConference was held in 1897 shortly after the first Jewish colonizers entered Palestine. Tel Avivhad been founded in 1909, and Jewish immigrants had reached 100,000 by the start of WorldWar I in 1914. The Balfour Declaration was signed on November 2, 1917; the British had now publicly endorsed a Jewish home in Palestine (Collins and Ogilvie-Herald, 2003). The largenumber of Jews who settled in Palestine before any agreement was reached with Arabs ignited a political fire, and increased Britain’s involvement in their affairs.