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Table Of Contents

Rational University Curriculum
Objectives
Where Are We?
The Purpose of the Requirements Discipline
Requirements in Context
Relevant Requirements Artifacts
Case Study: Course Registration Problem
Statement
What Is System Behavior?
ajor Concepts in Use-Case Modeling
Review: What Is a Use-Case Model?
Review: What Are the Benefits of Use-Case
Models?
Useful Questions in Finding Actors
Focus on the Roles
A User May Have Different Roles
System Surroundings and Actors
Name and Describe Each Actor
Practice: Find the Actors
Practice: Solution
Finding Use Cases: Focus on the Actor
Useful Questions in Finding Use Cases
Naming the Use Case
Practice: Finding Use Cases
Use-Case Specifications
Use Case Flow of Events
What Are Scenarios ?
Glossary
Supplementary Specification
Example: Glossary And Supplementary
Specification
Checkpoints: Use-Case Model
Checkpoints: Actors
Checkpoints: Use Cases
Checkpoints: Glossary
Review
Exercise: System Behavior
Exercise: Review
Analysis and Design in Context
Analysis and Design Overview
Analysis and Design Discipline
Role: Software Architect
Role: Designer
Analysis and Design Activity Overview
Analysis vs. Design
Analysis and Design Is Not Top-Down or Bottom-
Up
Review: Analysis and Design Is Architecture-
Centric
Concept: Architecture
Architecture Constrains
Software Architecture: The ³4+1 View´ Model
Review: Analysis and Design Is Use-Case Driven
Concept: Use-Case Realization
The Value of Use-Case Realizations
Review: Analysis and Design Is Iterative
Analysis and Design in an Iterative Process
Architectural Analysis in Context
Architectural Analysis Overview
Review: What Is Architecture: The ³4+1 View´
Model
Define the High-Level Organization of
Subsystems
Patterns and Frameworks
Concept: Design Patterns
What Is an Architectural Pattern?
Architectural Pattern: Layers
Typical Layering Approach
Layering Considerations
Review: What Is a Package?
Modeling Architectural Layers
Package Relationships: Dependency
Avoiding Circular Dependencies
Example: Upper Level Layers
Architectural Pattern: M-V-C
Typical Approach for M-V-C
Concept: Architectural Mechanisms
Architectural Mechanisms: Three Categories
Why Use Analysis Mechanisms?
Sample Analysis Mechanisms
Examples of Analysis Mechanism Characteristics
Describing Analysis Mechanisms
Example: Course Registration Analysis
Mechanisms
So«How Do I Discover Analysis Mechanisms?
What Are Key Abstractions?
Purpose of Identifying Key Abstractions
Defining Key Abstractions
Example: Key Abstractions
Checkpoints (cont.)
Exercise: Architectural Analysis
Use-Case Analysis in Context
Use-Case Analysis Overview
Purpose of Use-Case Analysis
Overview: Use-Case Analysis Steps
Supplement the Use-Case Description
Do the Requirements Change?
Find Classes from Use-Case Behavior
Review: Class
Guidelines for Class Discovery
Example: Stereotype
What Are Analysis Classes?
Analysis Classes: A First Step Toward
Executables
What Is a Boundary Class?
Practice: Finding Boundary Classes
Practice Solution: Boundary Classes
What Is a Control Class?
The Role of a Control Class
Guidelines: Control Class
Finding Control Classes
Practice: Finding Control Classes
What Is an Entity Class?
The Role of an Entity Class
Guidelines: Entity Class
Finding Entity Classes
How Do You Filter Nouns?
Pitfalls when Filtering Nouns
Practice: Finding Entity Classes
Practice: Solution
Analysis Classes and the MVC Architectural
Pattern
Distribute Use-Case Behavior to Classes
Objects Need to Collaborate
Concept: Messages
Review: Encapsulation
Example: Object Interaction
What Is Class Responsibility?
How Does an Object ³Advertise´
Responsibilities?
Review: The Anatomy of Sequence Diagrams
Review: The Anatomy of Collaboration Diagrams
Concept: Link
Guidelines: Allocating Responsibilities to
Classes
Why Collaboration Diagrams?
How Are You Doing?
How Are You Doing? (cont.)
Example: Collaboration Diagram
One Collaboration Diagram Is Not Good Enough
Exercise: Use-Case Analysis
Exercise: Distribute Behavior to Classes
Exercise: Distribute Behavior to Classes
Purpose of Describe Responsibilities
Maintaining Consistency: What to Look For
Describe Attributes and Associations Purpose
Review: What Is an Attribute?
Attribute Usage
Finding Attributes
Concept: Association
The Relationship Between Links and
Associations
How Do You Find an Association?
Practice: What Associations Can You Find?
What Is an Association Name?
What Is a Role?
Reflexive Associations and Roles
Good and Bad Examples of Association Names
Example: Roles and Association Names
Review: What Is Multiplicity?
Multiplicity Indicators
What Does Multiplicity Mean?
Guidelines: Multiplicity and Role Names
Example: Multiplicity
What Is Aggregation?
Shared Aggregation
Aggregation Tests
Association or Aggregation?
Example: Aggregation
Example: Multiple Associations
Describe Event Dependencies
Concept: Subscribe-Association
Subscribe-Association and MVC
Subscribe-Association from Boundary Classes
Subscribe-Association from Entity Classes
Subscribe-Association from Control Classes
Example: Subscribe-Association
Association Type Usage Guidelines
Purpose of Qualify Analysis Mechanisms
Review: Why Use Analysis Mechanisms?
Example: Describing Analysis Mechanisms
(cont.)
Unify Analysis Classes
Checkpoints: Analysis Classes
Checkpoints: Use-Case Realizations
Objective
Purpose of Review the Design
Role: Design Reviewer
When Do You Conduct A Review?
Purpose of Review the Design Model as a Whole
Layering Defects
Concept: Coupling
Package Coupling: Package Dependencies
Package Coupling: Class Relationships
Concept: Cohesion
Examples: Cohesion
General Checkpoints
Layers Checkpoints
Purpose of Review Each Use-Case Realization
Enforcing Consistency
Documenting Results: The Review Record
Exercise: Review the Design Model
Design: A Step Closer to Source Code
Design: Tasks to Complete
Review: Analysis vs. Design
From Analysis Classes to Design Elements
Identifying Design Classes
Subsystems and Interfaces
Subsystems and Interfaces (cont.)
Subsystems vs. Packages
Subsystem Usage
Review: Course Registration Analysis
Design Mechanisms: Persistence: RDBMS: JDBC
Example: Persistence: RDBMS: JDBC
Example: Persistence: RDBMS: JDBC: Read
Use-Case Realization Refinement
Use-Case Realization Refinement Steps
Representing Subsystems on a Sequence
Diagram
Example: Incorporating Subsystem Interfaces
Subsystem Responsibilities
Distributing Subsystem Responsibilities
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