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Fuzzy Logic in a Low Speed Cruise-Controlled Automobile

Fuzzy Logic in a Low Speed Cruise-Controlled Automobile

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Published by ijcsis
Traffic congestion is a major problem that drivers face these days Long rush hours exhibit both mental and physical toll on a driver. This paper describes the design of cruise control system based on fuzzy logic, in order to reduce the workload on a driver during traffic congestion. The proposed low speed cruise control system operates by sensing the speed and headway distance of the preceding vehicle and controlling the host vehicle’s speed accordingly. The vehicle speed is controlled by controlling throttle and the brakes. The fuzzy logic based cruise controlled vehicle is simulated using MATLAB Simulink and the results are presented in this paper.
Traffic congestion is a major problem that drivers face these days Long rush hours exhibit both mental and physical toll on a driver. This paper describes the design of cruise control system based on fuzzy logic, in order to reduce the workload on a driver during traffic congestion. The proposed low speed cruise control system operates by sensing the speed and headway distance of the preceding vehicle and controlling the host vehicle’s speed accordingly. The vehicle speed is controlled by controlling throttle and the brakes. The fuzzy logic based cruise controlled vehicle is simulated using MATLAB Simulink and the results are presented in this paper.

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Published by: ijcsis on Aug 12, 2010
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(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 8, No. 4, July 2010
Fuzzy Logic in a Low Speed Cruise-ControlledAutomobile
Mary Lourde R., Waris Sami Misbah,
 
Department of Electrical & Electronics EngineeringBITS, Pilani-Dubai, Dubai International Academic City, U.A.E
 Abstract
 
Traffic congestion is a major problem that driversface these days Long rush hours exhibit both mental andphysical toll on a driver. This paper describes the design of cruise control system based on fuzzy logic, in order to reducethe workload on a driver during traffic congestion. Theproposed low speed cruise control system operates by sensingthe speed and headway distance of the preceding vehicle andcontrolling the host vehicle’s speed accordingly. The vehiclespeed is controlled by controlling throttle and the brakes. Thefuzzy logic based cruise controlled vehicle is simulated usingMATLAB Simulink and the results are presented in this paper.
 Keywords - fuzzy logic, cruise control, low speed, and traffic congestion.
I. INTRODUCTIONA cruise control system is a general feature found in mostof the automobiles today. A basic cruise-controlled car travels at constant speed set by the driver, allowingautomatic movement of the vehicle without the driver  pressing the accelerator. The driver sets the speed as desiredand then the cruise control system maintains that speed bycontrolling the throttle of the car. A typical cruise controlsystem comes with features such as acceleration, coastingand resume functions.
Since the cruise control system replaces the driver, it must beable to imitate human behavior. The use of fuzzy logic is an idealtool for this purpose. Fuzzy logic, which also means impreciselogic, when applied to system makes it user friendly. A fuzzysystem involves a set of linguistic rules applied on set of input andoutput parameters, in order to control a system.
Conventional cruise control systems generally operate atspeeds greater than 40 km/h; mostly used by drivers athighways. For speed lower than this, the vehicle needs to becontrolled manually. A cruise control system that operates atlower speed is rarely available.II.
 
SOFTWARE
 
USED
 
TO
 
SIMULATE
 
THE
 
SYSTEMThe software used for the modeling of the system isMATLAB/SIMULINK. It has several toolboxes availablesuch as the Fuzzy Logic Toolbox, SIMULINK, Image processing, Simdriveline, SimMechanics, SimScape etc. allof which can be integrated with a control system. This allowsthe user to develop most of the real world conditions inMATLAB. It is the most commonly used platform by mostof the scientific organizations.In order to make the fuzzy logic cruise control systemmore realistic, we need to model a commercially availablecar on MATLAB and then integrate the fuzzy cruise controlsystem to the vehicle model. The car chosen for modeling isToyota Yaris 2007 Sedan
[1]
. The reason behind the selectionof this car is the availability of technical information of itscontrol system.III. MODELING
 
OF
 
THE
 
VEHICLE
 
ON
 
MATLABThe modeling of the vehicle’s drive train and dynamics isdone by mapping on the specifications of a Toyota Yarisonto a demonstration model in MATLAB
[6]
. The automaticdrivetrain model available in SIMULINK is taken as the basemodel for the system development.
Figure 1. Block diagram of basic Drivetrain system
 The inputs to the drive train are the throttle opening and brake torque. The engine, vehicle dynamics and theautomatic transmission have been modeled using non-linear differential equations. The transmission control unit has beenmodeled in STATEFLOW as it involves decision-making based on the current state of the vehicle.Reference [6] gives the complete details of modelingequations used by Mathworks to design this drive train. Thecomplete Drivetrain model used for simulation is shown infigure 3 below. The engine subsystem was modifiedaccording to the engine-torque curve of Toyota Yaris.Default transmission gear ratios were modeled to that of Toyota Yaris. The shift schedule used by the shift logic block and the vehicle dynamics parameters were modified by thecorresponding Toyota Yaris values. Any subsystem for which the corresponding Toyota Yaris specification was notavailable, the default value used by Mathworks has beenretained.
68http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500
 
(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 8, No. 4, July 2010
Figure 2. Complete Drivetrain SIMULINK model used for the simulation
[6]
 
Simulation One
Figure 3.
 
Simulation 1 results of a Toyoto Yaris 2007 automobile under normal running environment 
69http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500
 
(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 8, No. 4, July 2010
IV. MODEL
 
TESTING
 
OF
 
THE
 
AUTOMOBILEThe vehicle model is tested for accuracy and comparedwith the actual operation of Toyota Yaris. Severalsimulations, with various inputs, were carried out to verifythe simulation model of the vehicle of which two set of results are given below.The vehicle’s throttle profile are selected to simulate thereal time operation of the engine and vehicle speeds and thegear positions are also observed to verify the working of thevehicle. From the simulation1 results shown in figure 3above it is seen that the vehicle speed as well as the enginespeed closely follows as required by the instruction specified by the throttle profile of the vehicle.As we can see from the graph, the vehicle speed reachesits maximum value of 120 mph, which is the top speed of Toyota Yaris. The maximum engine rpm reached is 4100,which is about 100 revolutions less than that of Toyota Yaris.The up shifts take place at 10 mph and 40 mph, which areclose to the shift schedule of Toyota Yaris.
Simulation two
Figure 4.
 
Simulation 2 results of the automobile in heavy traffic environment 
70http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500

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