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Judgement Dominique Ntawukulilyayo

Judgement Dominique Ntawukulilyayo

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Published by Kagatama
Trial Chamber III, of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, by a majority composed of Judges Khalida Rachid Khan and Lee Gacuiga Muthoga, convicted Dominique Ntawukulilyayo sub-prefect of Gisagara sub-préfecture in Butare, of genocide and sentenced him to 25 years of imprisonment. Judge Aydin Sefa Akay dissented. The Chamber unanimously acquitted Ntawukulilyayo of complicity in genocide and direct and public incitement to commit genocide.



The Chamber found that between 20 and 23 April 1994, hundreds to thousands of Tutsis and their families fled attacks in their localities and sought refuge at Gisagara market. The majority concluded that on 23 April 1994, Ntawukulilyayo promised the Tutsi refugees gathered at the market that they would be fed and protected at nearby Kabuye hill, prompting them to go there. However, later that day, Ntawukulilyayo transported soldiers to Kabuye hill, who joined other assailants in an extensive attack, leaving possibly thousands of Tutsis dead. Judge Aydin Sefa Akay dissented with regard to these findings.



Ntawukulilyayo was arrested in October 2005. He pleaded not guilty during his initial appearance before the Tribunal on 10 June 2008. The trial commenced on 6 May 2009 and closed on 17 December 2009. Twelve Prosecution witnesses and 23 Defence witnesses, including Ntawukulilyayo, testified.

Oral arguments were heard on 14 June of this year.Ntawukulilyayo was born in 1942 in Mugabe Commune, Gikongoro prefecture, Rwanda.
Trial Chamber III, of the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, by a majority composed of Judges Khalida Rachid Khan and Lee Gacuiga Muthoga, convicted Dominique Ntawukulilyayo sub-prefect of Gisagara sub-préfecture in Butare, of genocide and sentenced him to 25 years of imprisonment. Judge Aydin Sefa Akay dissented. The Chamber unanimously acquitted Ntawukulilyayo of complicity in genocide and direct and public incitement to commit genocide.



The Chamber found that between 20 and 23 April 1994, hundreds to thousands of Tutsis and their families fled attacks in their localities and sought refuge at Gisagara market. The majority concluded that on 23 April 1994, Ntawukulilyayo promised the Tutsi refugees gathered at the market that they would be fed and protected at nearby Kabuye hill, prompting them to go there. However, later that day, Ntawukulilyayo transported soldiers to Kabuye hill, who joined other assailants in an extensive attack, leaving possibly thousands of Tutsis dead. Judge Aydin Sefa Akay dissented with regard to these findings.



Ntawukulilyayo was arrested in October 2005. He pleaded not guilty during his initial appearance before the Tribunal on 10 June 2008. The trial commenced on 6 May 2009 and closed on 17 December 2009. Twelve Prosecution witnesses and 23 Defence witnesses, including Ntawukulilyayo, testified.

Oral arguments were heard on 14 June of this year.Ntawukulilyayo was born in 1942 in Mugabe Commune, Gikongoro prefecture, Rwanda.

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Published by: Kagatama on Aug 12, 2010
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10/25/2012

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ORIGINAL: ENGLISHTRIAL CHAMBER IIIBefore
: Judge Khalida Rachid Khan, presidingJudge Lee Gacuiga MuthogaJudge Aydin Sefa Akay
Registrar:
Adama Dieng
 Date:
3 August 2010
THE PROSECUTOR v.Dominique NTAWUKULILYAYOCase No. ICTR-05-82-TJUDGEMENT AND SENTENCEOffice of the Prosecutor:
 
Counsel for the Defence:
Charles Adeogun-Phillips Maroufa DiabiraIbukunolu Alao Babajide Dorothée Le Fraper du HellenThembile Segoete
International Criminal Tribunal for RwandaTribunal pénal international pour le Rwanda
 
The Prosecutor v. Dominique Ntawukulilyayo,
Case No. ICTR-05-82-TJudgement and Sentence i 3 August 2010
TABLE OF CONTENTSCHAPTER I:
 
INTRODUCTION........................................................................................ 1
 
1.
 
Overview ................................................................................................................... 1
 
2.
 
Preliminary Matters ................................................................................................ 5
 2.1 Notice ......................................................................................................................... 52.1.1 Introduction ........................................................................................................ 52.1.2 Legal Principles .................................................................................................. 62.1.3 Roadblock between Gisagara and Mukande Sectors ......................................... 82.1.4 Attack on the Gisagara Church ........................................................................ 122.1.5 Orders to Kill Witness BAU ............................................................................ 132.1.6 Meeting at Gisagara Market, 20 May 1994 ..................................................... 132.1.7 Confirming the Killing of Three Persons at the Gisagara Market ................... 132.1.8 Distribution of Weapons .................................................................................. 132.1.9 Meeting at Gisagara Centre .............................................................................. 142.2 Allegations Not Pursued by the Prosecution ........................................................... 142.3 Alleged Procedural Violations ................................................................................. 152.3.1 Alleged Disclosure Violations ......................................................................... 152.3.2 Defence Objections to Prosecution Exhibits .................................................... 17
3.
 
Dominique Ntawukulilyayo .................................................................................. 20
 
CHAPTER II:
 
FACTUAL FINDINGS .............................................................................. 21
 
1.
 
Gisagara Market and Kabuye Hill, 20-25 April 1994 ........................................ 21
 1.1 Introduction .............................................................................................................. 211.2 Evidence ................................................................................................................... 211.3 Deliberations ............................................................................................................ 461.3.1 Interception of Tutsi Refugees Leaving Gisagara Market ............................... 481.3.2 Order for Refugees to Leave Gisagara Market for Kabuye Hill ...................... 501.3.3 Orders to Search Tutsi Homes ......................................................................... 681.3.4 Attack on Kabuye Hill ..................................................................................... 70
2.
 
Roadblocks, April through July 1994 .................................................................. 82
 2.1 Introduction .............................................................................................................. 822.2 Evidence ................................................................................................................... 822.3 Deliberations ............................................................................................................ 87
3.
 
Meeting in Gikore, Mudabori, Nyaruhengeri Commune, 24 April 1994 ......... 90
 3.1 Introduction .............................................................................................................. 90
 
The Prosecutor v. Dominique Ntawukulilyayo,
Case No. ICTR-05-82-TJudgement and Sentence ii 3 August 2010
3.2 Evidence ................................................................................................................... 903.3 Deliberations ............................................................................................................ 923.3.1 Notice ............................................................................................................... 923.3.2 Gikore Meeting ................................................................................................ 93
4.
 
Meeting in Muyaga Commune, End of May 1994 .............................................. 95
 4.1 Introduction .............................................................................................................. 954.2 Evidence ................................................................................................................... 954.3 Deliberations ............................................................................................................ 97
5.
 
Meeting at Kirarambogo, Nyabitare Sector, Muganza Commune, 25May 1994 ............................................................................................................... 102
 5.1 Introduction ............................................................................................................ 1025.2 Evidence ................................................................................................................. 1025.3 Deliberations .......................................................................................................... 103
CHAPTER III:
 
LEGAL FINDINGS ................................................................................. 106
 
1.
 
Criminal Responsibility ....................................................................................... 106
 1.1 Article 6 (1) of the Statute ..................................................................................... 1061.1.1 Introduction .................................................................................................... 1061.1.2 Modes of Liability: Pleaded and Pursued ...................................................... 1071.1.3 Legal Principles .............................................................................................. 1121.2 Article 6 (3) of the Statute ..................................................................................... 1121.2.1 Legal Principles .............................................................................................. 1121.2.2 Deliberations .................................................................................................. 113
2.
 
Genocide ............................................................................................................... 120
 2.1 Genocide ................................................................................................................ 1202.1.1 Law ................................................................................................................. 1202.1.2 Deliberations .................................................................................................. 1212.2 Complicity in Genocide ......................................................................................... 1222.3 Direct and Public Incitement to Commit Genocide ............................................... 1222.4 Conclusion ............................................................................................................. 122
CHAPTER IV:
 
VERDICT ................................................................................................. 123
 
CHAPTER V:
 
SENTENCING ......................................................................................... 124
 
1.
 
Introduction .......................................................................................................... 124
 
2.
 
Submissions .......................................................................................................... 124
 
3.
 
Deliberations ........................................................................................................ 124
 3.1 Gravity of the Offence ........................................................................................... 124

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