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Growing Fruits and Vegetables on Rooftops

Growing Fruits and Vegetables on Rooftops

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Published by: Friends of the Lower Olentangy Watershed on Aug 13, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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10/25/2012

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© Greenskin Labwww.greenskinslab.sala.ubc.ca
greenskins lab
October 20, 2009
Daniel RoehrMBCSLA CSLA AK-B
Assistant Proessor, Landscape ArchitectGreenskins LabSchool o Architecture and Landscape ArchitectureUniversity o British Columbia
Growing ruits and vegetables on rootops has a number o benefts similar to those o anextensive green roo, such as retaining rainwater, improving air quality and biodiversity,increasing thermal resistance. In addition, they provide local and organic ood, training andeducation opportunities to a community, and, potentially, create jobs. However, green roosintended or agricultural use need to be designed in close relation to local climate. This studyexplores the potential or green roo agriculture based on local rainall and irrigation needs incoastal cities on the Pacifc Rim, such as Shanghai, P.R. China, Tokyo, Japan and Vancouver, BC.Shanghai, P.R. China: The average annual precipitation is 1255mm. A large percentage (78%) o this is generatedrom April to October. The annual rainall would largely cover the water needs o crops. Duringa year with average rainall, high water use crops would require 182mm o additional irrigationper year. To create a sustainable water cycle or rootop agriculture in this location, it isthereore recommended to store a small amount o rainwater or irrigation needs.Tokyo, Japan: The average annual precipitation is 1482mm. Most o it (84%) alls rom April to October. Theannual rainall would largely cover the water needs o crops. During a year with averagerainall, high water use crops would require 77mm o additional irrigation per year. Rootopagriculture in this location does not necessarily require rainwater storage or grey waterrecycling.Vancouver, BC, Canada: The average annual precipitation is 1224mm, but only 24% o this alls rom April to October. The annual rainall would not cover the water needs o crops. During a year with averagerainall, high water use crops would require 717mm o additional irrigation per year. To createa sustainable water cycle or rootop agriculture in this location, it is vital to provide rainwaterstorage and grey water recycling.Rootop Agriculture: Greenroos as Productive Envelopes
 
© Greenskin Labwww.greenskinslab.sala.ubc.ca
greenskins lab
October 20, 2009
Calculated results show that both Shanghai and Tokyo are appropriate locations or green roo agriculture, as they both experience an important amount o rainall during the summermonths when irrigation is most urgently needed. Due to scarce rainall during the summermonths in Vancouver, water re-use - by means o winter rainwater storage or grey waterrecycling - will be needed to cover irrigation needs.Even though cities like Vancouver require additional technology or green roo agriculture toattain a largely sel-sustaining water use cycle, many case studies show that green roo agriculture can create successul “productive” green envelopes that have the potential to oeradditional benefts such as community involvement, job creation and environmentalimprovement.For more detailed inormation, please contact Greenskins Lab atwww.greenskinslab.sala.ubc.ca
 
© Greenskin Labwww.greenskinslab.sala.ubc.ca
greenskins lab
October 20, 2009
Rootop Agriculture: Greenroos as Productive Envelopes
1
Green Roo Agriculture:Sustainable Cycle
· Rainwater harvesting· PV energy or irrigation and building· Benefts (Social, Environmental, Economic)
2
Climate: precipitation
C     R    O    P    
H
2
OPV
Produce crop & $Grow communityEducateIncrease thermalperormance
Building
400 mm0 mmVancouver, BC
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Shanghai, P.R.China
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
 Tokyo, Japan
JanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDec
Shanghai, P.R. ChinaAnnual precipitation:1255mm Tokyo, JapanAnnual precipitation:1482mmVancouver, BCAnnual precipitation:1224mmPacifc Ocean

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