An Agent Based Approach for End-to-End QoSGuarantees in Multimedia IP networks
Senior Lecturer, Department of ECEGovernment Polytechnic for Women, Hindupurveerabhadrareddyphd@gmail.com
Dr. D. Sreenivasa Rao
Professor, Department of ECEJNTU CE, Hyderabaddsraoece@yahoo.co.uk
Quality of Service (QoS) guarantees are important, if the network capacity is insufficient, particularly for real-timestreaming multimedia applications such as voice over IP.Differentiated Services or DiffServ are the services of the originalinternet that prioritizes flows according to their service class andprovides much better bandwidth utilization. Predicting the end-to-end behavior and acquiring the method by which individualrouters deal with the type of service field is difficult and fairlyappropriate. Moreover it becomes more difficult if a pakcetcrosses two or more DiffServ clouds, before reaching itsdestination. In this paper, we propose a QoS mapping frameworkto achieve scalability and end-to-end accuracy in QoS, using aPolicy Agent (PA) in every DiffServ domain. This agent performsadmission control decisions depending on a policy database. Itconfigures the ingress and egress routers to perform trafficpolicing and conditioning jobs. Moreover, it constructs theshortest path between a source and destination satisfying the QoSconstraints Bandwidth and Delay. By simulation results, we showthat our proposed approach attains high throughput withreduced packet loss when compared with the normal DiffServarchitecture.
Keywords-Quality of Service (QoS); Policy Agent (PA); DiffServ domain; QoS Route Selection; Packet loss, Throughput.
A. IP Networks
A computer network made of devices that support theInternet Protocol is an IP network . In Internet ProtocolSuite, IP is the primary protocol in Internet Layer which hasthe task of delivering the packets from source to destinationmainly based on their address.
B. Quality of Service (QoS) in IP
When compared with the achieved service quality, thetraffic engineering term quality of service (QoS) will refer tothe resource reservation control mechanisms in both the fieldsof computer networking and other packet-switchedtelecommunication networks.The abiltiy of the QoS is toprovide different priorties to different applications, users ordata flows or guaranteeing a certain level of performance to adata flow. For example, it guarantees required bit rate, delay, jitter, packet dropping probability and/or bit error rate. Qualityof Service (QoS) guarantees are important, if the network capacity is insufficient, particularly for real-time streamingmultimedia applications such as voice over IP. This is becauseit often requies the fixed bit rate and they are delay sensitiveand also in networks where the capacity is a limited resource(Eg. Cellular data commumnication). QoS mechanisms are notrequired in the absence of network congestion . QoS is themost important implementation consideration within aconverged network. It is a networking term that specifies aguaranteed network data performance level. Practically, QoSis a mechanism to ensure that audio and video data passthrough the network with minimum delay. IP voice orvideoconferencing calls will be unreliable, inconsistent, andoften unsatisfactory, if network QoS is poor .
C. Two solutions for Quality of Service guarantees
(i) Differentiated services (DiffServ)
Differentiated Services or DiffServ are the services of theoriginal internet which maintains stateless property.
Differentiated Services is a computer networking architecturewhich specifies a scalable,simple, and coarse-grainedmechanism for classifying, managing network traffic andproviding QoS guarantees on modern IP networks . Thebasic of this architecture is to provide network resourcesbetween the traffic aggregates. DiffServ prioritizes flowsaccording to their service class and provides much betterbandwidth utilization 
(ii) Integrated services
Services that require stateful architecture of the internet areknown as Integrated Services or IntServ . This architecturespecifies the elements to guarantee QoS on the networks and itis the basis of the reservation of network resources betweenthe individual flows . The main idea of the service is theresource reservation and admission control. . Deterministicbandwidth and end-to-end delays to the individual flows canbe offered by the IntServ. Moreover, it depends upon theadmission control by placing strict resource reservationswhich guarantees the worst case situation . The followingare the categories of services in this architecture:
It is estimated as the strongestallowable service in the environment of the internet so far. Ithas the ability to provide per flow bandwidth and delay
(IJCSIS) International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security,Vol. 8, No. 4, July 2010188http://sites.google.com/site/ijcsis/ISSN 1947-5500