Tall buildings line the far side of the Brisbane River in Brisbane, the capital of Queensland, Australia. Theriver has been dredged to accommodate ocean-going vessels, establishing Brisbane as a major seaport. Thecity originated from a British penal station started in 1824 and developed into a transportation and tradecenter for the region's rich mining and agricultural resources.
Figure 5.4 Brisbane (
Source: Media Encarta, 2001)The first people to live in Australia, calledAborigines
migrated there about40,000 years ago. The continent remained relatively unknown by outsiders until the17th century. The first European settlement by British convicts occurred in 1788 atBotany Bay in southeastern Australia. Australia grew as a group of British coloniesduring the 19th century, and in 1901 the colonies federated to form a unifiedindependent nation.
Figure 5.5 Aborigines (
Source: Media Encarta, 2001)