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women rights at islam

women rights at islam

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Categories:Types, Research
Published by: Hossam Farouk Hassan on Aug 13, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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10/25/2012

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 Women's Rights In IslamThe Conditions of Women in Arabia Before IslamIn those days before Islam, women were treated likeslaves or property. Their personal consent concerninganything related to their well-being was consideredunimportant, to such a degree that they were nevereven treated as a party to a marriage contract.Women were used for one purpose, and thendiscarded. They had no independence, could own noproperty and were not allowed to inherit. In times ofwar, women were treated as part of the prize. Simplyput, their condition was unspeakable.In addition, the birth of a daughter in a family wasnot an occasion for rejoicing, but was regarded withhumiliation. The practice of killing female children wasuncontrolled.With the advent of Islam came the verse from theQuran condemning those who practiced femaleinfanticide:"And when the news of (the birth of) a female (child)is brought to any of them, his face becomes dark,and he is filled with inward grief! He hides himselffrom the people because of the evil of that whereofhe has been informed. Shall he keep her with dishonor
 
or bury her in the earth? Certainly, evil is theirdecision."(An-Nahl 16:58-59)And as part of a description of various events on theDay of Judgment, the Quran mentions:"And when the female (infant) buried alive (as thepagan Arabs used to do)shall be questioned. For what sin she was killed? (At-Takwir 81:8-9)Outside Arabia conditions for women were no better.In India, Egypt, and all European countries in theDark Ages, women were treated worse than slaves.They were not regarded as human beings but as sortof a sub-species between humans and animals.Allah (SWT) Gave the Arab Women Their RightsThe rights of Muslim women were given to us by Allah(SWT), who is All-Compassionate, All-Merciful, All-Just, All-Unbiased, All-Knowing and Most Wise.These rights, which were granted to women more than1400 years ago, and were taught by the perfectexample of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW), were givenby the one Who created us and Who alone knows whatrights are best for our female natures. Allah (SWT)says in the Quran:
 
"O You who believe! You are forbidden to inheritwomen against their will, and you should not treatthem with harshness, that you may take away part ofthe Mahr (bridal-money given by the husband to hiswife at time of marriage) you have given them, unlessthey commit open illegal sexual intercourse. And livewith them honorably. If you dislike them, it may bethat you dislike a thing and Allah bringsthrough it a great deal of good." (An-Nisa 4:19)The most basic right of a woman in Islam is theknowledge and recognition that she never has to askor demand or fight for her rights which areguaranteed to her by Allah (SWT) Himself.Rights That Islam Gives to WomenHuman RightsIslam considers a woman to be equal to a man as ahuman being and as his partner in this life. Womenhave been created with a soul of the same nature asman’s. Allah (SWT) says in the Quran:"O mankind! Be dutiful to your Lord, Who created youfrom a single person (Adam), and from him (Adam) Hecreated his wife (Eve), and from them both Hecreated many men and women and fear Allah through

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