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CCLD 3 306 Nutritional needs of children and young people

CCLD 3 306 Nutritional needs of children and young people

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Published by: Doodah2 on Aug 13, 2010
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CCLD 306
Outcomes: 306.4
Factsheet - Nutritional needs of children and young people
The National Standards 2001Standard 8 Food and Drink states:‘Children are provided with regular drinks and food adequate quantitiesfor their needs. Food and drink is properly prepared, nutritious andcomplies with dietary and religious requirements.’The focus for standard 8:‘Adequate and nutritious food and drink are essential for children's well-being. The registered person and staff have a good understanding ofchildren's dietary and religious requirements and meet theseappropriately to promote children's healthy growth and development.’All settings who prepare food or snacks for children and young people must comply withthe Food Safety Act 1990.
Healthy Eating
It is vital for the all round development of children and young people to have a healthy diet.Children/young people are individuals and therefore grow and develop at different rates.All foods contain some nutrients, it is important to get the balance right to provide therequired mixture of essential nutrients that will enable the body to grow and develop, repairdamage and fight infection.(some nutrients can be stored in the body e.g. fat-solublevitamins so nutrients can be taken over several days to form the right balanceThere are 7 essential nutrients:1. carbohydrates,2. protein3. fats4. fibre5. water6. vitamins7. minerals.Food is classified into 5 different groups
Classification Foods
Group1 Cereals, potatoes, couscous, rice, polenta, pastaGroup 2 Vegetables and fruitGroup 3 Milk and diary products eg cheese, yoghurt and fromage fraisGroup 4 Meat and alternatives such as pulses, soya, some beansGroup 5 Sugar/fats
MACTAC ©2007
 It is a well known fact that:
too many calories lead to obesity and increased blood pressure
too much fat causes obesity and high levels of cholesterol which leads to depositsof fat in the blood vessels
too much sugar leads to tooth decay and may predispose to diabetes in mid-lifeobesity
too much salt leads to high blood pressure
too little dietary fibre slows down the digestive process and leads to constipationand other problems.Practitioners in childcare settings must be aware of children's dietary requirements, andtake into account when planning on how to cater for their nutritional needs. It is importantto introduce children to fruit and vegetables early on in their diet. In society today we arebecoming increasing aware of the importance of having 5 different portions of fruit andvegetables each day.
Main meals
Meat, fish or alternatives should be given at dinner or teatime.
A variety should be offered throughout the week to encourage children/youngpeople to experience different flavours, textures and tastes.
Foods high in salt should not be given more than twice per week eg burgers,sausages, preformed meat, nuggets and fish fingers.
Dishes low in iron should also not be given more than twice per week eg cheeseand egg based meals.
Chips and potatoes products should be limited as they are high in salt and fat.
Vegetarian children and young people should be offered meals based on beans,soya mince, tofu, Quorn and lentils at least 3 times per week.
MACTAC ©2007

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