) is atransducerthattransmitsorreceiveselectromagnetic waves. In other words,
antennas convert electromagnetic radiation into electrical current, or vice versa. Antennas generallydeal in the transmission and reception of radio waves, and are a necessary part of allradioequipment.
is anantennathat uses afractal,self-similardesign to maximize the length, or
increase the perimeter (on inside sections or the outer structure), of material that can receive ortransmitelectromagnetic radiationwithin a given total surface area or volume.A fractal antenna's response differs markedly from traditional antenna designs, in that it is capable of operating with good-to-excellent performance at many different frequencies simultaneously. Normallystandard antennas have to be "cut" for the frequency for which they are to be usedand thus thestandard antennas only work well at that frequency. This makes the fractal antenna an excellent designfor wideband and multiband applications.Many fractal element antennas use the fractal structure as avirtual combination of capacitors and inductors. This makes the antenna so that it has many differentresonances which can be chosen and adjusted by choosing the proper fractal design. Electricalresonances may not be directly related to a particular scale size of the fractal antenna structure. Thephysical size of the antenna is unrelated to its resonant or broadband performance. The general rule of antenna length being near target frequency wavelength does not apply itself in the same way withfractal antennas.Fractal Antennas proven products and embedded components power some of todays most innovativeapplicationsfrom RFID, to telematics, to electronic warfare and signal intelligence
Fractal Antenna isable to produce antenna solutions that are unrivaled in terms of size, performance, form factor, and price.Fractal Antenna¶s practical and powerful products have been proven in Indy Race League race cars, onRFID readers in warehouses, and for remote sensing and data collection applications.
The key benefitsof fractal antenna technology are:Reduced antenna sizeMulti-band functionalityImproved antenna performance.The improvisation of the communications, electromagnetic radiation and mobilecommunications lies in the improvisation of the fractal antenna technology which is at its nascentstage of development.Chinmoy Kumar Patnaik 0701220211ETC -2 , Group -1