Embedded Systems / VLSI Design / Electronic Design and Automation
Embedded systems are computers (microprocessors) that are enclosed (embedded) in customizedhardware. Examples of embedded systems are portable medical equipment, cellular phones, orconsumer electronics items. The global demand for semiconductors is expected to remain robustin 2006 due to an increase in demand for consumer electronics. According to the SemiconductorIndustry Association (SIA), the worldwide semiconductor sales set a new record of 227.5 billion in2005. This rapid growth has opened a range of career opportunities in the embedded designindustry. There are over 130 chip design firms present in India—the vast pool of talent and growingdomestic market has helped the country emerge as an important centre for chip design. Last year,the industry witnessed major investments in the country in R&D, an indicator of India’s potentialwith respect to the talent available. A country traditionally acknowledged for its softwaredevelopment capabilities is now exhibiting its competency in the chip design industry. Thisbooming semiconductor industry promises 3.5 million jobs by 2015, according to a report by theIndian Semiconductor Association (ISA) and global consulting company Frost & Sullivan.Indian engineers have carved a niche for themselves by making significant contributions to thedevelopment of cutting-edge technology. India, with capabilities in very large scale integration(VLSI) design and software development, has potentially captured a larger share of the market byfocusing on these markets. It is no wonder that almost all of the top 10 semiconductor vendorshave established design centers in India. This has also contributed to the growth of the electronicdesign automation (EDA) industry in India. Leading Indian IT companies are also setting up productengineering and design services, partnering with global chip majors. Today’s engineers, therefore,have immense opportunities in hardware and embedded design, developing integrated circuits(ICs); field-programmable gate arrays (FPGAs) and systems-on-chips (SoCs), apart from typicalsoftware development opportunities.Embedded systems market, which is one of the key drivers of Indian R&D offshoring and iscurrently pegged at around US$ 25 billion globally, growing at a 16% compound annual growthrate (CAGR).A NASSCOM-Mckinsey study states that the domestic embedded systems market forIndia is gearedto generate U.S. $9.5 billion and exports worth U.S. $ 10 billion by the year 2008. This being a niche field, companies are increasingly looking for professionals with hands-onexperience in digital application specific integrated circuit (ASIC) design, physical design, mixedsignal IC design, verilog, VHDL or VHSIC, VLSI design, circuit design and simulations, micro-controllers, digital PCB design and routing. Expansion plans of various MNCs and recent efforts byNASSCOM to play up India’s product development skills suggest that embedded software would beIndia’s next sunrise sector. However the Indian Semiconductor Association (ISA) estimates thatengineering colleges are meeting only 20 per cent of the industry demand for chip designengineers. Organisations spend a year and a half shaping young graduates even as the courses inour educational institutions are outdated. Both industry and academia would benefit if institutesintroduce a competent courseware and the industry gets involved in imparting professionaltraining in institutes.
DOEACC CENTRE, CALICUT
Since the market demand for embedded system designers has become very high and is expectedto grow further,
initiated action for starting an M.Tech. Course (affiliated toCalicut University) in Embedded Systems. M.Tech program in Embedded Systems was started from July 2005-06 with an intake of 18 students of whom 5 are sponsored candidates. The course hasreceived good response and is currently going on in full swing. The duration of the course is 24months (4 semesters) and the semester fee per candidate is Rs.30,000. The 2nd batch of admission is over this year and the classes have already started from 02.08.06.Apart from the long term course following short term courses on embedded system and VLSI arebeing conducted by the centre.
Sl No. Name of the course Batch Size DurationCourse Fees
1.ED:500:PG Diploma in Embedded SystemDesign306 months Rs. 46,0002.ED:505:Embedded S/w & RT Linux Course303 weeks Rs. 60003.ED508:Embedded Product Design Course302 weeks Rs. 40004.PG Diploma in VLSI Design306 months RS. 30,000
DOEACC CENTRE, IMPHAL
A VLSI and Embedded System Lab has been set up at this Centre (
) as a project under DIT,MCIT.