The database contains number of deaths by country, year, sex, age group and cause of death as far back from 1950. Data are included only for countries reporting data properly coded according to the InternationalClassification of Diseases (ICD).The basis for mortality data is Death certificate. For ensuring national and internationalcomparability , it is very necessary to have a uniform and standardized system of recording and classifying death.The international death certificate is in two parts. Part I deals with the immediate cause and theunderlying cause which started the whole trend of events leading to death. The underlying cause of death isrecorded in line C. in the example cited , the underlying cause of death is strangulated hernia. After operationthe patient developed bronchopneumonia as a complication and ended in death. In the part two is recorded anysignificant associated disease that contribute to the death but did not directly lead to death.
Death certificate in India:-
In order to improve the quality of maternal mortality and infant mortality data and to providealternative method to collect data on death during pregnancy and infancy , a set of questions are added to the basic structure of international; death certificate for use in India.
Limitation in mortality data:-
Incomplete reporting of death
Lack of accuracy
Lack of uniformity
Choosing a single cause of death
Changing coding system and changing fashion in diagnosis
Diseases with low vitality
Uses of mortality data:-
In explaining trends and differentials in overall mortality