within the civilian population in Iraq. Aviation’s roles in both non-kinetic and kinetic operations have allowed the USMC to avoid operating within “green zones” so as to facilitate greater civil-military relations. Aviation has also provided an integrated asset working with the ground forces in joint counter-IED operations. Battleﬁelds of the future will require the USMC to operate simultaneously upon many axes of attack. Such an operation is impossible without a USMC aviation element. Another aspect of the expeditionary focus of the USMC is the central role of the seabase. In a famous moment in the initial Afghanistan operation, the USMC operated from ships to move deep inland to operate against the Taliban. Task Force 58 (TF-58) was in essence a seabasing operation and a prime example of what the USMC needs to be prepared and supported to do in the years ahead. TF-58’s combat operations in Afghanistan during Operation Enduring Freedom (OEF) in 2001 covered 450 nm to establish Camp “Rhino” and then operated over 750 nm to Kabul—unimaginable without integrated airpower.The new air platforms ﬁt into the overall approach taken by the USMC. The
provides unique capabilities, which allow the “ground” forces to engage in envelopment operations that Napoleon could only have dreamed about. The F-35 will be a “ﬁrst-generation ﬂying combat system” which will enable air-ground communication and ISR exchanges unprecedented in military history. The pilot will be a full member of the ground team; the ground commanders will have ears and eyes able to operate in a wide swath of three-dimensional space. New unmanned air vehicles will be added to enhance, not supplant, the new manned aircraft, operating as “extenders” of USMC capabilities and part of the integrated air-ground solutions sought by the USMC to support their concepts of distributed operations. In short, the new technology will ﬁt within the operational envelope already evolved by the USMC. This operational approach will provide invaluable assets for the evolving integration of air and ground capabilities required by the U.S. effort to transform the overall joint force structure.
outlines the evolution of the future of USMC aviation, especially as shaped by the contribution of the F-35B. But given the centrality of integrated air and ground capabilities to the evolution of 21st-century warfare, the USMC case is deﬁnitional and not unique to the service.
Foreword Preface: Dr. Robbin F. Laird iIntroduction: Ed Timperlake 2
Shaping the Concepts of Operations 4
21st-Century Concepts of Air Operations 6An Interview with Brigadier General Walsh on the USMC Use of Airpower in Iraq: From Precision-Strike to Presence 8V/STOL Aircraft and Expeditionary Operations: Shaping Flexible Concepts of Operations 13The F-35B and USMC CONOPS 20Going to Afghanistan: The
Squadron Prepares 24The
in Afghanistan: A Situation Report 27Augmenting the Capability of the Amphib: A Key Element in the Evolution of the Seabase 30
An Interview with Lieutenant General George J. Trautman, III, USMC 32
On the Impact of USMC Aviation on the Evolving Capabilities for the U.S. Warﬁghter
Enabling Three-Dimensional Warriors 36
Enabling the F-35 Pilot 38The Distributed Aperture System and 360-Degree Situational Awareness 41The F-35 Pilot: An Interview with Test Pilot Lieutenant Colonel M.G. “Squirt” Kelly at Patuxent River 45Evolving Manned and Unmanned CONOPS: An Interview with Lieutenant General David A. Deptula, USAF 48
Supporting Three-Dimensional Warriors 50
Manufacturing for Sustainability: The F-35 Case 52F-35 Low Observability: Lifelong Sustainability 54An Update on the LO Maintenance Approach: The LO Repair Capability Deployed to Patuxent River 57Pax River Interview: Gunnery Sergeant Larone Thomas in Charge of F-35B Maintenance 58Preparing for the F-35: The 33rd Fighter Wing at Eglin Air Force Base Stands Up a Comprehensive Training Facility 60