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10 TYS Unit 7 (Sci)

10 TYS Unit 7 (Sci)

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Published by: prameeta on Aug 16, 2010
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08/23/2010

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TYS Unit 7(Science Biology)
Transport in Mammals
MCQ Unit 7 ANSWERS
1)
!
C 6. B
2)
!
D 7. A
3)
!
D 8. B
4)
!
C 9. C
5)
!
C 10. C11. C
Essay Qn 1a
!
!
Oxygenated blood coming from thelungs enters into the left atrium (A) viathe pulmonary veins [1/2]
!
!
Blood then enters into the left ventricle(B) due to a pressure gradient, anddue to the contraction of the leftatrium;
Essay Qn 1a
!
!
The left ventricle (B) then contracts,pushing blood out into the aortic arch,which carries blood to the rest of thebody;
!
!
Blood is prevented from flowing backinto the left atrium due to the closureof the bicuspid/mitral valve [1/2]
Essay Qn 1a
!
!
Deoxygenated blood returning fromthe rest of the body enters into theright atrium (D) via the vena cavae[1/2]
!
!
Blood then enters into the rightventricle (C) due to a pressuregradient and due to the contraction of the right atrium;
Essay Qn 1a
!
!
The right ventricle (C) then contracts,pushing blood out into the pulmonaryarteries, which carries blood to thelungs;
!
!
Blood is prevented from flowing backinto the right atrium due to the closureof the tricuspid valve [1/2]
 
Essay Qn 3a
StructureFunctionArtery:
Thicker layer of muscle and elastic tissuecompared to the veins;Withstand high pressure of blood, elastic tissue allowsartery to recoil and pushblood along;
Veins:
Thinner layer of muscle & elastic tissuecompared to arteries;Pressure in the veins islower, hence this layer canbe thinner;
Veins:
Semi-lunar valvespresent along length of vein, absent in mostarteries;To prevent the backflow of blood in veins wherepressure is lower;
Unit 7 Essay Qn 3bStructured Qn 1a
(i)
!
The heart is made of muscle, whichby contracting and relaxing, help todrive the blood around the body;
(ii)
!
The valves prevent the backflow of blood into the atria when theventricles are contracting;
Structured Qn 1bi
"
!
Blood pressure in the veins is muchlower than in the arteries, and thereis a higher tendency for backflow of blood;
"
!
This backflow of blood is preventedby the presence of valves in theveins;
Structured Qn 1bii
!
!
They have a thin wall made of onelayer of flattened cells, whichdecreases diffusion distance for exchange of materials between theblood and surrounding cells;
!
!
They have pores to increase the rateof exchange of substances;
!
!
They are highly branched to increasethe surface area available for exchange of materials;
Structured Qn 1c
!
!
During an injury, platelets help in theformation of a blood clot [1/2]
!
!
Damaged tissues releasethromboplastin which convertsprothrombin into thrombin;
!
!
Thrombin converts fibrinogen intofibrin, which traps platelets and bloodcells, forming the clot [1/2]

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