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RDF is a Framework for Describing Web Resources

RDF is a Framework for Describing Web Resources

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Published by Nitin Bhandari

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Nitin Bhandari on Aug 16, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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10/25/2012

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RDF is a framework for describing Web resources, such as the title, author,modification date, content, and copyright information of a Web page.
Start learning RDF now!
 
 
RDF Document Example
<?xml version="1.0"?><rdf:RDFxmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#"xmlns:si="http://www.w3schools.com/rdf/"><rdf:Description rdf:about="http://www.w3schools.com"><si:title>W3Schools</si:title><si:author>Jan Egil Refsnes</si:author></rdf:Description>
Introductionto RDF
 
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The Resource Description Framework (RDF) is a W3C standard for describing Webresources, such as the title, author, modification date, content, and copyrightinformation of a Web page.
What You Should Already Know
Before you continue you should have a basic understanding of the following:
y
 
H
TML
y
 
XH
TML
y
 
X
ML
y
 
X
ML NamespacesIf you want to study these subjects first, find the tutorials on our
H
ome page.
What is RDF?
y
 
RDF stands for
esource
D
escription
F
ramework
y
 
RDF is a framework for describing resources on the web
y
 
RDF is designed to be read and understood by computers
y
 
RDF is not designed for being displayed to people
y
 
RDF is written in
X
ML
y
 
RDF is a part of the W3C's Semantic Web Activity
y
 
RDF is a W3C Recommendation
 
 
RDF - Examples of Use
y
 
Describing properties for shopping items, such as price and availability
y
 
Describing time schedules for web events
y
 
Describing information about web pages (content, author, created and modified date)
y
 
Describing content and rating for web pictures
y
 
Describing content for search engines
y
 
Describing electronic libraries
RDF is Designed to be Read by Computers
RDF was designed to provide a common way to describe information so it can be read and understoodby computer applications.RDF descriptions are not designed to be displayed on the web.
RDF is Written in
X
ML
RDF documents are written in
X
ML. The
X
ML language used by RDF is called RDF/
X
ML.By using
X
ML, RDF information can easily be exchanged between different types of computers usingdifferent types of operating systems and application languages.
RDF and "The Semantic Web"
The RDF language is a part of the W3C's Semantic Web Activity. W3C's "Semantic Web Vision" is afuture where:
y
 
Web information has exact meaning
y
 
Web information can be understood and processed by computers
y
 
Computers can integrate information from the web
RDF is a W3C Recommendation
RDF became a W3C Recommendation 10. February 2004.To read more about the RDF activities at W3C, please read ourW3C tutorial.
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ext Chapter »
 
RDFRules
 
« Previous
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ext Chapter »
 
RDF uses Web identifiers (URIs) to identify resources.RDF describes resources with properties and property values.
RDF Resource, Property, and Property Value
RDF identifies things using Web identifiers (URIs), and describes resources with properties and propertyvalues.Explanation of Resource, Property, and Property value:
y
 
A
Resource
is anything that can have a URI, such as "http://www.w3schools.com/rdf"
y
 
A
P
roperty
is a Resource that has a name, such as "author" or "homepage"
y
 
A
P
roperty value
is the value of a Property, such as "Jan Egil Refsnes" or"http://www.w3schools.com" (note that a property value can be another resource)The following RDF document could describe the resource "http://www.w3schools.com/rdf":
 
<?xml version="1.0"?><RDF><Description about="http://www.w3schools.com/rdf"><author>Jan Egil Refsnes</author><homepage>http://www.w3schools.com</homepage></Description></RDF>
The example above is simplified. Namespaces are omitted.
RDF Statements
The combination of a Resource, a Property, and a Property value forms a
Statement
(known as the
subject, predicate and object
of a Statement).Let's look at some example statements to get a better understanding:Statement: "The author of http://www.w3schools.com/rdf is Jan Egil Refsnes".
y
 
The subject of the statement above is: http://www.w3schools.com/rdf 
y
 
The predicate is: author
y
 
The object is: Jan Egil RefsnesStatement: "The homepage of http://www.w3schools.com/rdf is http://www.w3schools.com".

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