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The Holy Quran Refers to the Atmosphere

The Holy Quran Refers to the Atmosphere

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Published by: Hossam Farouk Hassan on Aug 16, 2010
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 The Holy Quran Refers to the AtmosphereModern studies service crucial evidence that theatmosphere along with Allen belt plays an important rolein preserving and sustaining life; the atmosphere keeps the weather temperature aroundits normal ranges. Just to think how great this blessingis take the moon as an example; the temperature of oneside of the moon is over one hundred degree while theother side is one hundred degree under zero. Thenearest planet to the sun suffers the same problem.Most of the planets have no atmosphere or rather lawatmosphere density and as a result they are a target ofheavy meteors, destructive outburst of energy from thesun and radiations emitted from the sun and other stars.All the planets are pelted with meteors except the earth,only very few number, usually very small, penetrate theatmospheres which prevent the multitude from reachingthe earth.However, if an object is big enough it can survivepassage through the atmosphere. The damage done by ameteorite (an object that strikes the Earth) dependsupon its initial size. 10--100 m: Objects in this size rangecan produce devastation similar to that of an atomic blast(leading to them occasionally being called "city- busters").Effects include severe damage to or collapse of standing
 
buildings and the ignition of flammable materials leadingto widespread fires. The radius over which such effectsoccur would vary depending upon the size and compositionof the object, but could easily exceed 10 km. TheTunguska event, in Siberia, of 1908 is thought to havebeen from an object about 60 m in size; it led to treesbeing flattened out to 20 km and trees 40 km away beingdamaged. At the small end of this size range, objectsabout 10 m strike the Earth about once a decade.Fortunately, only the densest objects, those containingiron, survive to the surface; most of the objects of thissize explode sufficiently high in the atmosphere thatthere are no effects (other than maybe a loud noise) onthe ground. At the larger end of this size range, it isestimated that the Earth is struck several times amillennium or about 1 impact every 100--200 yr. 100 m--1km: Objects in this size range are likely to cause severedamage over a regional area, possibly as large as acontinent (hence the name "continent-busters"). If theystrike land, they will almost certainly produce a crater,while an ocean impact will generate large tidal waves. A150 m object might produce a crater 3 km in diameter, anejecta blanket 10 km in diameter, and a zone ofdestruction extending much farther out. For a 1 kmimpactor the zone of destruction might reasonablyextend to cover countries. The death toll could be in thetens to hundreds of millions. A 1 km impactor could beginto have minor global consequences, including global coolingcaused by vast amounts of dust in the atmosphere.
 
Estimates from the geologic record suggest that cratersare formed on the Earth roughly once every 5000 yr. 1--10 km: Objects in this size range are likely to causesevere global effects ("species-busters"). An impact 65million years ago by an object of 5--10 km in diameter isthought to have been partially or fully responsible forthe extinction of half the living species of animals andplants at the time, including the dinosaurs. The crateralone from such an impact will be 10--15 times larger thanthe object itself. World-wide crop failures from dustinjected into the atmosphere could imperil civilization,and the largest-sized objects could make the humanspecies extinct. The frequency with which the Earth isstruck by such objects has to be estimated from thegeological and paleontological record. At the low end ofthis size range, estimates are that such impacts occurroughly every 300 000 yr; at the upper end of the sizerange, impacts occur about every 10 million years.The atmosphere also prevents the fatal temperature ofthe universe (approximated to be 270 under zero) fromreaching the earth.It also prevents the fatal radiations emitted from thesun and the stars which could lead to the destruction ofthe living cell. Interestingly, the atmosphere lets onlyharmless and useful rays- visible light, near ultravioletlight, and radio waves pass through. All of this radiationis vital for life. Near ultraviolet rays, which are only

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