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TOEIC Grammar

TOEIC Grammar

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Published by: nemo_tehata on Aug 16, 2010
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1TOEIC GRAMMAR GUIDE
   T   O   E   I   C    P   r   e   p   a   r   a   t   i   o   n    S   e   r   i   e   s   –   C   o   n   t   e   n   t   s     b   y    L   y    V   a   n    V   u
Table of contents
Topic 1: Verb TensePage 2Topic 2: Subject-Verb AgreementPage 10Topic 3: Word FamiliesPage 16Topic 4: Count and Non-Count NounsPage 18Topic 5: Comparative and SuperlativePage 21Topic 6: Adverbs of FrequencyPage 27Topic 7:Word ChoicePage 29Topic 8: PrepositionsPage 31Topic 9: Unnecessary WordsPage 37Topic 10: PronounsPage 39Topic 11: ConjunctionsPage 43Topic 12: ConditionalsPage 47
 
2TOEIC GRAMMAR GUIDE
   T   O   E   I   C    P   r   e   p   a   r   a   t   i   o   n    S   e   r   i   e   s   –   C   o   n   t   e   n   t   s     b   y    L   y    V   a   n    V   u
Topic 1Verb Tense
Introduction
Every sentence has a subject and a main verb. Verbs describe what the subject is doing. To beable to show exactly what the subject does at any time, verbs have different forms and tenses.In order to speak and write English correctly, you must learn the various verb forms and tenses.
LearningHint:
To use verbs accurately, learn the standard verb forms and tenses. Memorize common irregular verb forms that do not follow standard forms.
Verb Forms
Verbs have five forms:
FormVerb ExampleIrregular Verb Example
InfinitivewalkrunPast tensewalkedranPast participlewalkedrunPresent participlewalkingrunning-s or -es formwalksruns
The only verb with more than 5 forms is
be
FormVerb
InfinitivebePast tensewas (for I / he / she / it); were (for we / you / they)Past participlebe, beenPresent participlebeing-s / -es form--
 
3TOEIC GRAMMAR GUIDE
   T   O   E   I   C    P   r   e   p   a   r   a   t   i   o   n    S   e   r   i   e   s   –   C   o   n   t   e   n   t   s     b   y    L   y    V   a   n    V   u
The verb
be
also has 3 present tense forms (
am, is, are
) while all other verbs have one.
Infinitive Form
The infinitive form is the plain or dictionary form. It is used when the verb's action happens inthe present and the subject is a plural noun or the pronouns I, we, you,or they:I
go
to work.You
cook 
very well.We
live
downtown.They
help
me.
Past Tense Form
The past tense shows the verb's action happened in the past. It is usually made by adding
-d
or 
-ed
to the infinitive. The past tense is formed differently for most irregular verbs:We
lived
downtown.They
helped
me.I
went
to work. (
Irregular verb
)
Past Participle and Present Participle Form
The past participle is used with the verb
have
(have / has / had) to create the present and past perfect tenses. The past participle form is also used to modify nouns and pronouns. Oneexample is the phrase sliced bread.The past participle is usually the same as the past tense form. Only some irregularverbs have a past participle that is different than their past tense form.We
have lived
downtown.They
have helped
me.I
have gone
to work. (
Irregular verb
)The present participle is made by adding
-ing
to a verbs infinitive form:
Working

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