First -- To promote the best good of the slave, and,Second -- To insure the greatest pecuniary benefit to the master.It was the pride of his servants to say, "I belong to Joe Bond." They were always wellclad, well fed, and well cared for in health and in sickness. They were protected by him inthe enjoyment of every right which belonged to them, in that peculiar relation; and, inreturn for that care and protection, he demanded of them implicit obedience and faithfulservice, which, as a general thing, they rendered willingly and cheerfully, because they
as well as
him. They knew his laws were as immutable as the laws of theMedes and Persians; that what he ordered was just and right, and had to be obeyed. So just were his rules for their guidance, and so uniform and perfect was his entire system,that there was during the later years of his life, scarcely a jar in his whole machinery of government. There was no perceptible friction, but on the contrary, all worked smoothlyand profitably to himself, and to the promotion of the best interests of the slaves. Not like some masters, he did not commit his negroes to the charge of ignorant andoftimes, brutal overseers, and leave them to take care of themselves as best they could; but he exacted the same rigid accountability from his overseers or managers that he didfrom the slaves. His ear was ever open to their just complaints, and they knew better thanto go to him with a tale that was untrue. In all difficulties between the slave and theoverseer, he dealt out even-handed justice according to the facts. If the negro was rightand the overseer in the wrong, the negro was protected and the wrong repaired, or theoverseer discharged. Of the latter class, he did not knowingly employ any but men of superior acquirements. He paid good wages to a competent man, and if after a trial hesuited him, he might count upon a home and employment as long as he wished. If he didnot suit he was discharged, and told to seek employment elsewhere. His success in planting was great, perhaps greater than any other planter in the whole South, and thereason was, that he thoroughly understood the business in all its details -- controlled anddirected everything. His knowledge was not theoretical only, but practical. He held nodiplomas as a graduate of any college. After completing his academic course, his father,who was a man of wealth, wanted him to go through college and study a profession, buthe had already chosen his occupation in life, and had determined to be a planter. Hisfather gave him his choice, either to enter college or go to one of his plantations and become and overseer. He joyfully accepted the latter position, and by doing so heacquired that practical knowledge which was so useful and so profitable to him in after life.While he was not a scholar in the true acceptation of the term, he knew much more thanmany who held the sheep-skin evidence of having gone through the regular curriculum of learning at our colleges and universities, because what he knew, he knew well. He had acontempt for superficial knowledge. He mastered every subject he studied. In the currentliterature of the day, in politics and religion he was well posted, and kept up with theadvancement of the age in all things necessary to a thorough understanding of the position of affairs. He was no pretender. If he did not understand a subject which was being discussed, he was a silent listener. If he did understand it he would enter into thediscussion with zeal, and in such cases never failed to throw light upon it.