green tree python requires a high perching site; a sand boamust have a substrate deep enough for it to be able to buryitself.Newspaper works well as a substrate for all except thosethat live in the water or need sand in which to burrow. It iseasy to replace and cheap. Larger animals such asreticulated pythons are best kept on bare floors, which canbe hosed down. Snakes from watery habitats must have aplace to dry off or they will develop "blister disease."
Heat and Light
Your pet must be able to thermoregulate which means itmust be able to choose from a range of temperatures. Mostspecies require an ambient temperature of 77 to 87 degreesFahrenheit, with access to warmer areas, such as a spotunder an incandescent light bulb. At night, heat without lightcan be provided by infrared bulbs, a heat pad or ceramicheater, all available at pet stores. The day/night cycle is important for health and breeding andshould be synchronized with a timer to the daily cycle of your pet's natural habitat. In contrast to many other reptiles,snakes do not require ultraviolet light for vitamin D3synthesis, so no special overhead lighting is required.
Various snakes consume everything from frog eggs toantelopes, but the commonly kept species do well on aweekly feeding of pre-killed mice or rats, which may bepurchased frozen at pet shops. Large specimens may requirea pre-killed rabbit every 2 to 4 weeks, while insectivorousspecies such as the ring-necked snake need two to threemeals of crickets per week. The size of the meal dependsupon the size of the snake or, more precisely, the size of itshead, which is pretty much the size of its stomach. Do notfeedsnakes foodthat is too large. Although they may take it,