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19496018 French Guide

19496018 French Guide

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Published by EdelAli

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Published by: EdelAli on Aug 17, 2010
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08/28/2012

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1. Some Basic Phrases
Bonjour 
/b̃u/
ɔʒ ʀ
Hello / Good day
Bonsoir 
/b̃swa/
ɔ ʀ
Good evening
Bonne nuit
/bn ni/
ɔ ɥ
Good night
Salut
/saly/Hi / Bye
Au revoir 
/(ə)vwa/
ɔʀ ʀ
Goodbye
S'il vous plaît
/sil vu pl/
ɛ
Please
Merci (beaucoup)
/msi boku/
ɛʀ
Thank you (very much)
De rien. / Je vous en prie.
/də j̃/ /əvu z̃pri/
ʀ ɛ ʒ ɑ
You're welcome.
Bienvenu(e)
/bj̃vəny/
ɛ
Welcome (also You'rewelcome in Quebec)
A tout à l'heure / A plus tard
/a tu ta lœ/ /a ply ta/
ʀ ʀ
See you later 
A bientôt
/a bj̃to/
ɛ
See you soon
A demain
/a dəm̃/
ɛ
See you tomorrow
Désolé(e)!
/dezle/
ɔ
Sorry!
Pardon !
/pad̃/
ʀ ɔ
Excuse me!
Allons-y!
/al̃zi/
ɔ
Let's go!
Comment allez-vous ?
/km̃tale vu/
ɔ ɑ
How are you? (formal)
Ça va ?
/sa va/How are you? (informal)
Très bien / mal / pas mal
/t bj̃/ /mal/ /pa mal/
ʀɛ ɛ
Very good / bad / not bad
Je vais bien
/ə ve bj̃/
ʒ ɛ
I'm fine.
Ça va.
/sa va/I'm fine. (informal)
Oui / non
/wi/ /ñ/
ɔ
Yes / no
Comment vous appelez-vous ?
 /km̃vu zaple vu/
ɔ ɑ
What's your name? (formal)
Tu t'appelles comment ?
/ty tapl km̃/
ɛ ɔ ɑ
What's your name? (informal)
Je m'appelle...
/ə mapl/
ʒ ɛ
My name is...
Enchanté(e)
/̃̃te/
ɑʃɑ
Nice to meet you.
Monsieur, Madame,Mademoiselle
/məsjø/ /madam/ /madwazl/
ɛ
Mister, Misses, Miss
Mesdames et Messieurs
/medam/ /mesjø/Ladies and gentlemen
Vous êtes d'où ?
/vu zt du/
ɛ
Where are you from? (formal)
Tu es d'où ?
 /ty du/
ɛ
Where are you from?(informal)
Je suis de...
/ə si də/
ʒ ɥ
I am from...
Où habitez-vous ?
/u abite vu/Where do you live? (formal)
Tu habites où ?
/ty abit u/Where do you live? (informal)
J'habite à
.../abit a/
ʒ
I live in...
 
Quel âge avez-vous ?
/kl ave vu/
ɛ ɑʒ
How old are you? (formal)
Tu as quel âge ?
/ty kl /
ɑ ɛ ɑʒ
How old are you? (informal)
J'ai ____ ans.
/e __ ̃/
ʒ ɑ
I am ____ years old.
Parlez-vous français ?
/pale vu fr̃s/
ʀ ɑ ɛ
Do you speak French? (formal)
Tu parles anglais ?
/ty pal ̃gl/
ʀ ɑ ɛ
Do you speak English?(informal)
Je (ne) parle (pas)...
/ə (nə) pal pa/
ʒ ʀ
I (don't) speak...
Comprenez-vous? / Tucomprends?
/k̃pəne vu/ /ty k̃p̃/
ɔ ʀ ɔ ʀɑ
Do you understand? (formal /informal)
Je (ne) comprends (pas)
/ə nə k̃p̃(pa)/
ʒ ɔ ʀɑ
I (don't) understand
Je (ne) sais (pas)
/ə(n) s (pa)/
ʒ ɛ
I (don't) know
Pouvez-vous m'aider ? / Tupeux m'aider ?
/puve vu mede/ /ty pø mede/Can you help me? (formal /informal)
Bien sûr.
/bj̃sy/
ɛ ʀ
Of course.
Comment?
/km̃/
ɔ ɑ
What? Pardon?
Où est ... / Où sont ... ?
/u / /u s̃/
ɛ ɔ
Where is ... / Where are ... ?
Voici / Voilà
/vwasi/ /vwala/Here is... / Here it is.
Il y a ...
 
 / Il y avait...
/il i a/ /il i av/
ɛ
There is / are... / There was /were...
Comment dit-on ____ enfrançais ?
/km̃di t̃__ ̃f̃s/
ɔ ɑ ɔ ɑ ʀɑ ɛ
How do you say ____ inFrench?
Qu'est-ce que c'est queça ?
/ks kə s kə sa/
ɛ ɛ
What is that?
Qu'est-ce qu'il y a ?
/ks kil i a/
ɛ
What's the matter?
Ça ne fait rien.
/sa nə f j̃/
ɛ ʀ ɛ
It doesn't matter.
Qu'est-ce qui se passe ?
/ks ki sə pas/
ɛ
What's happening?
Je n'ai aucune idée.
/ə ne okyn ide/
ʒ
I have no idea.
Je suis fatigué(e) / malade
./ə si fatie/
ʒ ɥ ɡ
I'm tired / sick.
J'ai faim / J'ai soif 
./e f̃/ /e swaf/
ʒ ɛ ʒ
I'm hungry / I'm thirsty.
J'ai chaud / J'ai froid.
/e o/ /e fw/
ʒ ʃ ʒ ʀ ɑ
I'm hot / I'm cold.
Je m'ennuie.
m̃ni/
ʒ ɑ ɥ
I'm bored.
Ça m'est égal.
 
 / Je m'enfiche.
/sa m teal/ /ə m̃fi/
ɛ ɡ ʒ ɑ ʃ 
I don't care.
Ne vous en faites pas. / Net'en fais pas.
/nə vu ̃ft pa/ /nə t̃f pa/
ɑ ɛ ɑ ɛ
 Don't worry (formal / informal)
Ce n'est pas grave.
/sə n pa gav/
ɛ ʀ
It's no problem. / It's alright.
J'ai oublié.
/e ublije/
ʒ
I forgot.
Je dois y aller.
/ə dwa i ale/
ʒ
I must go.
 
A vos souhaits ! / A tessouhaits !
/a vo sw/ /a te sw/
ɛ ɛ
Bless you! (formal / informal)
Félicitations !
/felisitasj̃/
ɔ
Congratulations!
Bonne chance !
/bn ̃s/
ɔ ʃɑ
Good luck!
C'est à vous ! / C'est à toi !
/s ta vu/ /s ta tw/
ɛ ɛ ɑ
It's your turn! (formal / informal)
Taisez-vous ! / Tais-toi !
/tze vu/ /t tw/
ɛ ɛ ɑ
Shut up! / Be quiet! (formal /informal)
Je vous aime / Je t'aime
/ə vu zm/ /ə tm/
ʒ ɛ ʒ ɛ
I love you (formal & plural /informal)
Tenez / Tiens
/təne/ /tj̃/
ɛ
Hey / Here (formal / informal)
Quoi de neuf ? / Çaboume ?
/kw f/ /sa bum/
ɑ
What's new? / What's up?
Pas grand chose.
/pa g̃oz/
ʀɑ ʃ 
Not a whole lot.Notice that French has informal and formal ways of saying things. This is because there ismore than one meaning to "you" in French (as well as in many other languages.) The informalyou is used when talking to close friends, relatives, animals or children. The formal you is usedwhen talking to someone you just met, do not know well, or someone for whom you would liketo show respect (a professor, for example.) There is also a plural you, used when speaking tomore than one person.Also notice that some words take an extra
e
, shown in parentheses. If the word refers to awoman or is spoken by a woman, then the
e
is added in spelling; but in most cases, it does notchange the pronunciation.To make verbs negative, French adds
ne
before the verb and
pas
after it. However, the
ne
isfrequently dropped in spoken French, although it must appear in written French.
2. Pronunciation
*Re-recorded mp3 January 2009! 
For amore in-depth look at French pronunciation, try to the newFrench Phonetics tutorial
.
French Vowels
IPAPhonetic spelling Sample wordsGeneral spellings
[i]
ee
vie, midi, lit, riz
i, y
[y]
eerounded 
rue, jus, tissu,usine
u
[e]
ay 
blé, nez, cahier,pied
é, et, final er and ez
[ø]
ay rounded 
 jeu, yeux, queue,bleu
eu

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