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Linking Poor Rural Households to Microfinance and Markets in Ethiopia

Linking Poor Rural Households to Microfinance and Markets in Ethiopia

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This report presents the findings of the first two stages of an assessment of the PSNP Plus project in Doba woreda in West Hararghe. These assessments are part of a broader longitudinal impact study of the PSNP Plus project, which targets poor, rural households in food insecure areas that benefit from the Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP).

Download the report at https://wikis.uit.tufts.edu/confluence/display/FIC/Linking+Poor+Rural+Households+to+Microfinance+and+Markets+in+Ethiopia+--+Baseline+and+Mid-term+Assessment+of+the+PSNP+Plus+Project+in+Doba.
This report presents the findings of the first two stages of an assessment of the PSNP Plus project in Doba woreda in West Hararghe. These assessments are part of a broader longitudinal impact study of the PSNP Plus project, which targets poor, rural households in food insecure areas that benefit from the Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP).

Download the report at https://wikis.uit.tufts.edu/confluence/display/FIC/Linking+Poor+Rural+Households+to+Microfinance+and+Markets+in+Ethiopia+--+Baseline+and+Mid-term+Assessment+of+the+PSNP+Plus+Project+in+Doba.

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Published by: Feinstein International Center on Aug 18, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/06/2012

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Table of Contents
SUMMARY...................................................................................................................................7
 
1. INTRODUCTION..................................................................................................................9
 
1.1 PSNP Plus Project Background.......................................................................................9
 
1.2 Linking Poor Rural Households to Microfinance and Markets in Ethiopia...............11
 
2 THE PSNP PLUS PROJECT..................................................................................................11
 
2.1 PSNP Plus Overview.......................................................................................................11
 
2.2 LIS Overview....................................................................................................................12
 
2.2 Overview of PSNP Plus Project Activities in Doba......................................................13
 2.2.1 Study Area General Characteristics...........................................................................132.2.2 Microfinance Linkage Component..............................................................................132.2.3 Village Saving and Lending Associations...................................................................142.2.4 Market Linkage Component.......................................................................................15
2.3 Research Questions.......................................................................................................17
 
3. ASSESSMENT METHODOLOGY.........................................................................................17
 
3.1 LIS Approach...................................................................................................................17
 
3.2 Overview of Methods and Indicators............................................................................19
 
3.3 Indicator Selection..........................................................................................................19
 
3.4 Sampling..........................................................................................................................19
 3.4.1 Method and Size.........................................................................................................193.4.2 Study Locations........................................................................................................20
3.5
 
Data Collection Methods.............................................................................................22
 3.5.1 Household Interviews.................................................................................................223.5.2 Focus Group Methods................................................................................................23
3.6 Pre-Testing......................................................................................................................23
 
3.7 Triangulation...................................................................................................................24
 
3.8 Data Analysis...................................................................................................................24
 3.9.1 Analysis of VSLA and Non-VSLA Comparison Groups...........................................24
4 RESULTS................................................................................................................................26
 
4.1 PSNP Plus in the Context of Other Programs in Doba................................................26
 
4.2 Project Status at the time of the Assessment..........................................................27
 
4.3 Community Characteristics...........................................................................................29
 
4.3 Characteristics and Background Data on sampled PSNP Plus Households............30
 
4.4 Income..............................................................................................................................31
 4.4.1 Sources of Income......................................................................................................314.4.2 Livestock Sales...........................................................................................................314.4.3 Crop Sales..................................................................................................................31
4.5 Expenditure.....................................................................................................................32
 
4.6 Asset Levels and Changes.............................................................................................34
 4.6.1 Land............................................................................................................................344.6.2 Livestock.....................................................................................................................344.6.3 Productive Assets (Tools)...........................................................................................35
4.7 Savings and Loans.........................................................................................................38
 
4.8 Comparison Between VSLA and Non-VSLA Households...........................................41
 
5. DISCUSSION.........................................................................................................................43
 
 
Longitudinal Impact Study of the PSNP Plus ProgramBaseline Assessment in Doba Woreda
 2
5.1 Assessment Constraints and Methodological Limitations.........................................43
 5.1.1 Timing.........................................................................................................................435.1.2 Attribution...................................................................................................................445.1.3 Indicators....................................................................................................................455.1.4 Sampling Challenges..................................................................................................465.1.5 Selection and Respondent Bias.................................................................................465.1.6 Secondary data limitations.........................................................................................465.1.7 Other Challenges........................................................................................................47
5.2 Community Wealth Indicators.......................................................................................47
 5.2.1 Livestock.....................................................................................................................475.2.2 Land............................................................................................................................485.2.3 Cash Crops and Honey Production............................................................................485.2.4 Dwellings and Household Items.................................................................................485.2.5 Food Security Duration...............................................................................................49
5.3 Factors Affecting Food Security and Asset Accumulation.........................................49
 5.3.1 Rain Failure and Pests...............................................................................................495.3.2 Livestock Disease.......................................................................................................505.3.3 Food Prices................................................................................................................505.3.4 Education Expenses...................................................................................................505.3.5 Lack of Employment Opportunities and Land Division...............................................515.3.6 Medical Expenses......................................................................................................515.3.7 Household Responses to Food Insecurity..................................................................51
5.4 Income Sources..............................................................................................................52
 5.4.1 Cash Crops.................................................................................................................525.4.2 Livestock Production and Trade.................................................................................525.4.3 PSNP Employment.....................................................................................................535.4.4 Petty Trade and Other Income Generating Activities.................................................535.4.5 Informal Employment and Firewood Sales.................................................................53
5.5 Expenditure.....................................................................................................................54
 
5.6 Assets and Asset Changes............................................................................................54
 5.6.1 Land Holdings.............................................................................................................545.6.2 Livestock Holdings......................................................................................................555.6.3 Productive Assets and Household Items....................................................................56
6 PSNP PLUS PROJECT IMPACTS.........................................................................................56
 
6.1 Value Chains....................................................................................................................57
 
6.2 VSLA Impacts..................................................................................................................57
 6.2.1 Asset Comparison Between Old and New VSLA Members.......................................586.2.2 Loan Amounts............................................................................................................586.2.3 VSLA Impact on other Assets.....................................................................................59
6.3 Reasons Contributing to Asset Accumulation.............................................................59
 
7. PROJECT CHALLENGES.....................................................................................................60
 
7.1 Value Chain Challenges.................................................................................................60
 
7.2 White Pea Bean Challenges...........................................................................................61
 
7.3 Cereal Value Chain Challenges.....................................................................................62
 
7.4 Honey Value Chain Challenges.....................................................................................62
 
7.5 VSLA Challenges............................................................................................................63
 7.5.1 Contributions..............................................................................................................637.5.2 Saving Capacity and Loan Limitations.......................................................................647.5.3 Lack of Business Opportunities..................................................................................647.5.4 Interest Rates and Group Sustainability.....................................................................64

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