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Published by: leory6027 on Aug 18, 2010
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What does the name Israel mean?
In the Hebrew culture, every name had a deeper mean-ing. The names meant more than just a simple title.To find out the true meaning of a name in the Bible, wemust look at the first time it is used.The name “Israel” is first used inGenesis 32:28: “And he said, Thy nameshall be called no more Jacob, butIsrael: for as a prince hast thou powerwith God and with men, and hastprevailed.”Jacob had deceived his father toobtain the blessing that was due Esau.Upon discovering the deception of Jacob, Esau said, “Is he not rightlynamed Jacob?” Gen. 27:36. The nameJacob meant “deceiver,” and he livedup to the name!Twenty years later, as Jacob journeyed home, he received news of his brothers approach and feared thathe, and his family, would pay for hissins of old. Jacob hid his family and“...was left alone; and there wrestled aman with him until the breaking of theday.” Gen. 32:24. Upon the realizationof who his “assailant” was, Jacobpleaded, “I will not let thee go, exceptthou bless me.” vs. 26. The angel,although he knew who Jacob was,asked him for his name. As Jacobanswered in humility, it represented aconfession of, and turning away from,his past sins. The new name that hereceived from the angel, Israel, meant“overcomer.” The angel said thatJacob had “...power with God and withmen, and hast prevailed.” vs. 28. Jacobhad overcome his sins, he was now anew creature, able to serve God.The name Israel was a
name given to a man who overcame sinin his life.The descendants of Jacob were tobecome the “Nation of Israel.” Moseswas instructed to say to Pharaoh,“Thus saith the LORD, Israel is myson, even my firstborn: And I say untothee, Let my son go, that he may serveme.” Exo. 4:22-23. It was God’s desireto make these people a great nation of overcomers thatwould serve Him.Unfortunately, most of the Jews never fully lived up totheir name. They never realized the significance of the termIsrael. Israel is a spiritual name for the spiritual kingdom of those who overcome sin.
 A Conditional Promise WithThe Results of Failure
Upon reaching Mt. Sinai, the Israelites were given aconditional promise: “Thus shalt thou say to the house of Jacob, and tell the children of Israel...Now therefore,
if yewill 
my voice indeed,
keepmy covenant,
 then ye shall be
apeculiar treasure unto me above allpeople: for all the earth is mine: Andye shall be unto me a kingdom of priests, and an holy nation.” Ex.19:3-6. Notice God said,
“if ye will  obey...then ye shall be” 
. If theydidn’t, they would
be!After entering the “promisedland,” the Hebrew nation turned fromGod and worshipped Baal time andtime again. They failed to meet theconditions of the promises listed inExodus 19. In 722 B.C., the ten tribesof the Northern Kingdom were takento Assyria. Judah realized the sameretribution because of her disloyaltyto God when she was carried toBabylon in 586 B.C. and the glorioustemple built by Solomon wasdestroyed.The captivity of Judah was to lastseventy years [Dan. 9:2]. After thistime period, Israel was to get asecond chance. Jerusalem and thetemple were to be rebuilt. Israelwould become a nation again, butthe same conditions would apply tothem as before the captivity. Theymust walk in the ways of righteous-ness or betray God’s favor and kindleHis wrath.While in captivity, “In the thirdyear of the reign of king Belshazzar,”king of Babylon, Daniel received avision portraying the rise and fall of the worlds empires and a 2300 “day”prophecy. Some of the scenes wereterrifying to him and he did notunderstand what the vision wasabout: “And I Daniel fainted, andwas sick certain days; afterward Irose up, and did the King's business;and I was astonished at the vision, but none understood it.”Dan. 8:27.“In the first year of Darius,” the ruler of the now Medo/ Persian Empire, while Daniel was in prayer, Gabriel comes toexplain the vision and tell him what was to become of hispeople. This prophecy was to reveal the probation of the
A Palestinian man proudly displaying theblood of an Israeli soldier.At Christ’s trial, looking upon the smittenLamb of God, the Jews had cried, "His blood beon us, and on our children." That awful cryascended to the throne of God. That sentence,pronounced upon themselves, was writtenin heaven. That prayer was heard. The blood of the Son of God was upon their children and theirchildren's children, a perpetual curse."Not this man, but Barabbas." Barabbas,the robber and murderer, was the representativeof Satan. Christ was the representative of God.Christ had been rejected; Barabbas had beenchosen. Barabbas they were to have. In makingthis choice they accepted him who from thebeginning was a liar and a murderer. Satan wastheir leader. As a nation they would act out hisdictation. His works they would do. His rulethey must endure. That people who choseBarabbas in the place of Christ were to feel thecruelty of Barabbas as long as time should last.Terribly was it realized in the destructionof Jerusalem in A.D. 70., in the Inquisition andthe Holocaust! Terribly has it been manifested inthe condition of the Jewish nation for twothousand years, a branch severed from the vine,a dead, fruitless branch, to be gathered up andburned. From land to land throughout the world,from century to century, persecution topersecution. Even to this day, there is no peacefor the tiny nation of Israel.
Jews and mark the beginning of the 2300 day prophecy in thevision of Daniel 8 of which the 70 weeks, which we are aboutto look at, was the first part. Just as the covenant made atSinai, this was a conditional prophecy:“Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people andupon thy holy city.” Dan. 9:24. The word translated to“determined,” “chathak” (Strong’s # 2852), means “to cutoff.” If the Jews failed to meet the requirements laid outwithin the following verses, they would forfeit their “birth-right.”Now lets look at what they had to do: “to finish thetransgression, and to make an end of sins, and to makereconciliation for iniquity, and to bring in everlastingrighteousness, and to seal up the vision and prophecy, andto anoint the most Holy.” ibid. The Jews needed to repent of their wickedness and usher in “everlasting righteousness.” If they fulfilled this condition, they would “seal up the visionand prophecy.” In other words, the terrible scenes portrayedin the visions of Daniel would be sealed, that is, “closed up.”Daniel is given a starting date for this prophecy: “Knowtherefore and understand, that from the going forth of thecommandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto theMessiah the Prince shall be seven weeks, and threescore andtwo weeks: the street shall be built again, and the wall, evenin troublous times.” vs. 25.Ezekiel, a contemporary of Daniel says, “I have ap-pointed thee each day for a year.” Eze. 4:6. The 70 weeks thenwould last for 490 years: 7 x 70 = 490. (Thus, the 2300 “days”of Daniel 9:14 is actually 2300 years!)Persia conquered Babylon in 538 B.C. Then King Cyrusissued a decree for the Jews to return to their land and torebuild their temple (Ezra 1:1-3). Later, King Darius issuedanother decree that led to the completion of the temple (Ezra6:1, 8). Still later, King Artaxerxes gave Nehemiah permissionto rebuild the wall around the city (Nehemiah 1:3; 2:1-9). Yetthe predicted “commandment to restore and to build Jerusa-lem” did not occur until Persian King Artaxerxes issued alengthy decree giving Ezra official authority to “set magis-trates and judges” over Jerusalem and to “execute judgment”upon all who refused to follow the laws of God and the king(Ezra 7:21, 25, 26). This was the only decree which fullyrestored civil authority to Jerusalem and to the Jewish state.That commandment occurred “in the seventh year of Artaxerxes.” Ezra 7:7. The date was 457 B.C. The Jews weregiven 490 years from 457 B.C. to fulfill their calling.Continuing with the vision, we read, “Know thereforeand understand, that from the going forth of the command-ment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah thePrince shall be seven weeks [49 years], and threescore andtwo weeks [434 years]: the street shall be built again, and thewall, even in troublous times.” vs. 25. The Messiah, or the“Anointed One,” is Christ. From the starting point of 457 B.C.until the Messiah should come, we have 483 years [49 + 434].457 B.C. + 483 = 27 A.D. This was the exact year of JesusBaptism! (There was no “zero” year between “B.C.” and“A.D.”, thus instead of A.D. 26, we have A.D. 27)Decree of Baptism of Artexerxes Christ457 B.C. 27 A.D.483 years(69 weeks)Next, Gabriel breaks the time periods into to three:“And he shall confirm the covenant with many for oneweek: and in the midst of the week he shall cause thesacrifice and the oblation to cease, and for the overspreadingof abominations he shall make it desolate, even until theconsummation, and that determined shall be poured upon thedesolate.” ibid., 26-27. Now we have 7 weeks + 62 weeks + 1week = 70 weeks. We have already seen that the 7 weeks + 62weeks is 69 weeks and brings us to A.D. 27, that leaves the70th week of the prophecy.Christ Baptized70 weeks (A.D. 27)(490 years)7 62 1weeks weeks week (49 years) (434 years) (7 years)69 weeks(483 years)Within this final week, “Messiah the Prince” shall be“cut off, but not for himself.” The Messiah, Jesus Christ, wascrucified in 31 A.D. Verse 27 tells us that “in the midst of theweek he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease.”When Christ was crucified, we read, “the veil of thetemple was rent in twain from the top to the bottom.” Matt.27:51. The sacrificial system, the temple services and the“handwriting of ordinances” (Col. 2:14) were nailed to thecross.Christ had entered the temple in the beginning and at theend of His ministry and declared that His Fathers house hadbecome a house of merchandise. [see John 2:16] The Scribesand Pharisee’s had rejected every evidence, every plea fromInfinite Love. Finally, Jesus declared, “O Jerusalem, Jerusa-lem, thou that killest the prophets, and stonest them whichare sent unto thee, how often would I have gathered thychildren together, even as a hen gathereth her chickensunder her wings, and ye would not! Behold,
 your house
isleft unto you
.” Mat. 23:37-38. Notice that Christnow referred to the temple (which He never returned to) as“your house” instead of “my Father’s house,” furtherfulfilling Daniel’s prophecy: “for the overspreading of abominations
 he shall make it desolate.
In verse 26, we are told that “he shall confirm thecovenant with many for one week.” From the start of Christ’sministry in A.D. 27 until 34 A.D., the Gospel was preachedsolely to the “lost sheep of the house of Israel.” Matt. 10:6.

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