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ANagler Thesis

ANagler Thesis

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Published by AHNagler
The Thesis. I'll publish the article if it ever gets written.
The Thesis. I'll publish the article if it ever gets written.

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Published by: AHNagler on Aug 18, 2010
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08/18/2010

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 Nagler 1
Iran’s Green Revolution:Did Twitter Matter?Alex H. Nagler, Charles B. Ward,Steven Skiena, Helmut Norpoth
 
 Nagler 2Emerging media is an international phenomenon. The electorate in developed anddeveloping democracies have new sources of information available to influence their decision making process. One emerging trend is that of the citizen journalist. Limited by bandwidth and characters constraints, citizen journalists can now participate in thedemocratic process in new and perhaps influential ways. The purpose of this article is toexplore this impact: Does Twitter influence elections?To discuss this, we must examine the conditions that existed on the ground in Iranleading up to the election on June 12, 2009 and the immediate aftermath that followed theannouncement of the results. From there, we will examine the Twitter messages, or tweets, themselves from a period between June 18 and June 27. This database,approximately 450,000 tweets, was obtained through the aid of software developer Karsten Januszewski and his archival program The Archivist. It compiled all tweets bearing either the hashtags of #iran or #iranelection.The majority of the tweets are in English, with a sizable minority in either Romanized or standard Persian. The examination, done through Professor StevenSkiena’s TextMap analysis, will determine what information was passed through themedia and was then compared to events on the ground in Iran. We will examine themoods, frequency, and timeframe of various terms. Finally, we will attempt to answer thequestion: Did Twitter matter?.I. Influential Players
 
 Nagler 3Iran's 2009 presidential election took place on June 12, 2009. Incumbent presidentMahmoud Ahmadinejad faced off against Mir-Hossein Mousavi, Mohsen Rezaee, andMehdi Karroubi. The results of the election were announced the next morning, statingthat Mr. Ahmadinejad had successfully defended his post and won approximately 63% of the vote. Ahmadinejad had hoped that this would satisfy people and the affairs of thestate would continue to function normally. He had hoped that people would accept thisnumber and continue with their day to day lives. He had hoped all of these things, butwhat happened instead shocked not only Iran, but the entire world.To understand the situation on the ground in Iran on June 13, one must firstunderstand the events that lead up to it and the structure of the Iranian government. Inorder to run for President in Iran, a candidate must first be approved by the GuardianCouncil. This council, formally the Guardian Council of the Constitution, is comprised of six religious scholars and six jurists whose job it is to interpret the constitution andoversee all elections
1
. Under the text of the 1979 Iranian Constitution, the Council’sofficial duty is“to be maintained so that it may continue in its role of guarding therevolution and its achievements. The scope of the duties of this corps andits areas of responsibility, in relation to the duties and areas of responsibility of the other armed forces, are to be determined by law withemphasis on brotherly cooperation and harmony among them.
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http://www.aei.org/article/28594
2
The Army and the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps. The Constitution of IslamicRepublic of Iran," Sec. Three.

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