Nagler 3Iran's 2009 presidential election took place on June 12, 2009. Incumbent presidentMahmoud Ahmadinejad faced off against Mir-Hossein Mousavi, Mohsen Rezaee, andMehdi Karroubi. The results of the election were announced the next morning, statingthat Mr. Ahmadinejad had successfully defended his post and won approximately 63% of the vote. Ahmadinejad had hoped that this would satisfy people and the affairs of thestate would continue to function normally. He had hoped that people would accept thisnumber and continue with their day to day lives. He had hoped all of these things, butwhat happened instead shocked not only Iran, but the entire world.To understand the situation on the ground in Iran on June 13, one must firstunderstand the events that lead up to it and the structure of the Iranian government. Inorder to run for President in Iran, a candidate must first be approved by the GuardianCouncil. This council, formally the Guardian Council of the Constitution, is comprised of six religious scholars and six jurists whose job it is to interpret the constitution andoversee all elections
. Under the text of the 1979 Iranian Constitution, the Council’sofficial duty is“to be maintained so that it may continue in its role of guarding therevolution and its achievements. The scope of the duties of this corps andits areas of responsibility, in relation to the duties and areas of responsibility of the other armed forces, are to be determined by law withemphasis on brotherly cooperation and harmony among them.
The Army and the Islamic Revolutionary Guards Corps. The Constitution of IslamicRepublic of Iran," Sec. Three.