Design for Drift and Lateral Stability
Farzad Naeim, Ph. D., S.E.
Vice President and Director of Research and Development, John A. Martin & Associates, Los Angeles, California.
Key words:Drift, P-delta, Stability, Exact methods, Approximate methods, Code provisions, UBC-97, ICBO-2000, Bentaction, Chord action, Shear deformations, Moment resisting frames, Braced Frames, Shear walls, frame-wallinteractions, First-order displacements, Second-order displacements.Abstract:This chapter deals with the problems of drift and lateral stability of building structures. Design for drift andlateral stability is an issue that should be addressed in the early stages of design development. In many cases,especially in tall buildings or in cases where torsion is a major contributor to structural response, the driftcriteria can become a governing factor in selection of the proper structural system. The lateral displacementor drift of a structural system under wind or earthquake forces, is important from three differentperspectives: 1) structural stability; 2) architectural integrity and potential damage to various non-structuralcomponents; and 3) human comfort during, and after, the building experiences these motions. In design of building structures, different engineers attribute various meanings to the term "stability". Here, we consideronly those problems related to the effects of deformation on equilibrium of the structure, as stabilityproblems. Furthermore, we will limit the discussion to the stability of the structure as a whole. Localstability problems, such as stability of individual columns or walls, are discussed in Chapters 9, 10, and 11of the handbook. Several practical methods for inclusion of stability effects in structural analysis as well assimplified drift design procedures are presented. These approximate methods can be valuable in evaluationof the potential drift in the early stages of design. Numerical examples are provided to aid in understandingthe concepts, and to provide the reader with the "hands-on" experience needed for successful utilization of the material in everyday design practice.