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Analysis of Pakistan's Cement Industry

Analysis of Pakistan's Cement Industry

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Published by hasananum
Cement Industry

Analysis of Pakistan’s Cement Industry

Term Report

Submitted by:

Muhammad Anum Hasan Nooruddin Muzzaffar Zohaib Ali Khan

Class: IBA (Main Campus): BBA 4 (Yr 2005) Course Instructor: Ms. Amber Imtiaz

1

Cement Industry

Contents
Analysis of Pakistan’s Cement Industry..............................................................................1 Submitted by:...................................................................................................................1 C
Cement Industry

Analysis of Pakistan’s Cement Industry

Term Report

Submitted by:

Muhammad Anum Hasan Nooruddin Muzzaffar Zohaib Ali Khan

Class: IBA (Main Campus): BBA 4 (Yr 2005) Course Instructor: Ms. Amber Imtiaz

1

Cement Industry

Contents
Analysis of Pakistan’s Cement Industry..............................................................................1 Submitted by:...................................................................................................................1 C

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Published by: hasananum on Aug 18, 2010
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Cement Industry
Analysis of Pakistan’s CementIndustry
 Term Report
Submitted by:
Muhammad Anum Hasan Nooruddin MuzzaffaZohaib Ali Khan
Class: IBA (Main Campus): BBA 4 (Yr 2005)Course Instructor: Ms. Amber Imtiaz
1
 
Cement Industry
Contents
Analysis of Pakistan’s Cement Industry .............................................................................. 1Submitted by:...................................................................................................................1Class: IBA (Main Campus): BBA 4 (Yr 2005) .................................................................. 1Course Instructor: Ms. Amber Imtiaz .................................................................................. 1Contents ............................................................................................................................... 2A. Introduction .....................................................................................................................4B. Global Cement Trends .................................................................................................... 5C. Types of Cement ............................................................................................................. 6Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC) ....................................................................................6Slag Cement ..................................................................................................................... 6Super Sulfate Resisting Cement (SSRC) ......................................................................... 6Sulfate Resisting Cement (SRC) ......................................................................................6D. Manufacturing Processes ................................................................................................ 7Wet Process ......................................................................................................................7Semi-Wet Process ............................................................................................................ 7Dry Process ...................................................................................................................... 7The Quarry ...................................................................................................................... 7Raw Milling ..................................................................................................................... 9Pre-heater and Pre-claimer ...............................................................................................9The Kiln ......................................................................................................................... 10The Process ................................................................................................................... 11Packaging and Distribution ............................................................................................12...........................................................................................................................................13E. Raw Material .................................................................................................................14F. Historical Development of Cement Industry of Pakistan .............................................. 15Derived demand .............................................................................................................19As the demand of cement is derived demand and grows with the GDP. The above figureshows the comparative demand and growth of the cement industry with respect to thegrowth in the GDP of the country. The boom of the eighties and the nineties and againthe growing GDP after 9/11 has caused a tremendous growth in the cement industry.....19G. Size and Trends ............................................................................................................. 20Demand-Supply Gap to Restrict Profit Growth .............................................................21Sustainability of Demand Growth ................................................................................. 21Capacity Expansions- a Test for APCMA .....................................................................22Per Capita Consumption of Cement .............................................................................. 25Exports to Afghanistan .................................................................................................. 27H. PROFILE OF PAKLAND CEMENT ...........................................................................29Process Features at Pak land ..........................................................................................29Sophisticated Technology ..............................................................................................30Quality Program .............................................................................................................30Growth of Pak land Cement ...........................................................................................302
 
Cement IndustryI. Cement Cartel-All Pakistan cement manufacturers ASSOCIATIONS (APCMA) ........32J. Major Players ................................................................................................................. 32K. Factors Affecting Demand Conditions ......................................................................... 33Growth in Housing Sector .............................................................................................33Growth in Exports ..........................................................................................................34Infrastructure Development ...........................................................................................34Low Per Capita Consumption of Cement ...................................................................... 36Wars ............................................................................................................................... 36Disasters ......................................................................................................................... 36Availability of Raw Materials ........................................................................................36Imported Machinery .......................................................................................................37Fuel Conversion .............................................................................................................37Government Duties ........................................................................................................ 37Export Distribution ........................................................................................................37Low Interest Rates .........................................................................................................37Emerging trends worldwide ............................................................................................... 38Critical Success Factors ..................................................................................................... 38Taxes ..............................................................................................................................40Licenses ..........................................................................................................................40Cement Cartel ................................................................................................................40Export Incentives ........................................................................................................... 40Comparison of Chinese and Indian Cement Industry ........................................................ 41CHINESE CEMENT INDUSTRY ................................................................................ 41INDIAN CEMENT INDUSTRY ...................................................................................43Major cement plants ..................................................................................................44Mini cement plants ....................................................................................................44Recommendations ..............................................................................................................473

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