Lewis and Roca LLP3993 Howard Hughes ParkwaySuite 600Las Vegas, Nevada 89169
. at ¶¶ 4-5.) He subsequently was able to obtain a copy of the complaint through the Internet.(
. at ¶ 5.) To date, he has never been personally served with the summons, complaint andexhibits in this case. (Id. at ¶ 5.) After Mr. Klerks became aware that Righthaven alleged that ithad properly served him, he promptly sought assistance of Nevada counsel. Mr. Klerks’ counselcontacted Righthaven and requested that Righthaven voluntarily set aside the entry of default.(McCue Decl. ¶ 2.) Righthaven refused to do so. (
. at ¶ 3.) When Mr. Klerks’ counsel askedRighthaven why it would not set aside default, Righthaven failed to respond, necessitating thefiling of the current motion. (
. at ¶ 4.)
II. LEGAL ARGUMENT
Federal Rule of Civil Procedure 55(c) provides that a "court may set aside an entry of default for good cause. . . ." To determine "good cause", the Court must consider three factors:(1) whether the party seeking to set aside the default engaged in culpable conduct that led to thedefault; (2) whether it had no meritorious defense; or (3) whether reopening the default judgmentwould prejudice the other party.
U.S. v. Mesle
, No. 09-55353, 2010 WL 3025014, at *3 (9th Cir.Aug. 4, 2010) (citing
Franchise Holding II v. Huntington Rests. Group, Inc.
, 375 F.3d 922, 925-26(9th Cir. 2004)). However, "judgment by default is a drastic step appropriate only in extremecircumstances; a case should, whenever possible, be decided on the merits."
, 2010 WL3025014, at *3 (citing
Falk v. Allen
, 739 F.2d 461, 463 (9th Cir. 1984)).
A. Defendant Did Not Engage In Culpable Conduct.
A defendant's conduct is culpable “if he has received actual or constructive notice of thefiling of the action and
failed to answer."
TCI Group Life Ins. Plan v. Knoebber
, 244F.3d 691, 697 (9th Cir. 2001) (emphasis in original). As the Ninth Circuit has explained, in thecontext of a motion to set aside default, the term “intentionally” means that “a movant cannot betreated as culpable simply for having made a conscious choice not to answer; rather, to treat afailure to answer as culpable, the movant must have acted with bad faith, such as an intention totake advantage of the opposing party, interfere with judicial decisionmaking, or otherwisemanipulate the legal process.”
, at *4. “Neglectful failure to answer as to which thedefendant offers a credible, good faith explanation…is not intentional.”
, 244 F.3d at
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