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A Study on the Diversity of Butterflies

A Study on the Diversity of Butterflies

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Published by Jason Raquin Roque

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Published by: Jason Raquin Roque on Aug 19, 2010
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09/22/2010

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A STUDY ON THE DIVERSITY OF BUTTERFLIESAT DE LA SALLE UNIVERSITYSY 2009-2010DLSU-DasmariñasFrias, Abigail Pauline F.Del Rio, Ma. Sheila S.Roque, Jason R.July 28, 2010
 
Chapter 1PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUNDIntroduction
Butterflies are also what we called day-flying insect which is in the order of Lepidoptera. Lepidos is greek for “scales” and ptera means “wings”. Like anyholometabolous insects, the butterflies also have life cycle or metamorphosis whichconsist of egg, larva, pupa and adult. Butterflies have large, often brightly colouredwings, and conspicuous, fluttering flight. They have three body parts, like all other insects, the head, thorax (chest), abdomen (bottom). The butterflies have four wings andsix legs which are attached to the thorax. Most of the butterflies are found in the tropicalrainforest, but also they can live in any climate. Butterflies sometimes migrate to avoidcold weather and like most forest dependent animals, they are good ecological indicatorsof the health of the forest they dwell. Some butterflies have evolved symbiotic and parasitic relationships with social insects such as ants. They are one of the importantinsects on Earth because they serve as agent of pollination.Of 1.4 million species on Earth over 53% are insects which include theButterflies. Butterflies have a very large group of animals that includes some of the most beautiful species and some of the most economically important pest in the class Insecta.According to the scientist there are estimated 28,000 species of butterfly throughout theworld. Butterfliesfamily is comprised of Papilionoidea, Pieridae, Lycaenidae,Riodinidae and Nymphalidae (true butterflies), Heperioidea (skippers) and theHedyloidea (moth-butterflies). Any other butterfly belongs to the moth. The diversity of  butterflies may occur some changes depending on the climate, whether it is changing or constant. According to some biologist butterfly are diversified all throughout the world.In the diversity of the butterflies, the demographic and socioeconomic may affect it.
 
Objectives
The study generally aims to identify the diversity of butterflies in De La SalleUniversity-Dasmarinas at Dasmarinas, Cavite.Specifically, it will answer the following:1.What are the families and genus of the butterflies found at De La SalleUniversity-Dasmarinas?2.What species of butterflies are the most and least abundant?3.What species of butterflies are the most and least distributed?
Significance of the study
Through this study we will understand the environmental importance of butterflyin our society. It will also provide a good example of the diversity of life and ecological balance.The study will serve as an implication if the place is polluted or not. Through theresults we will determine if the school is convenient for both students and faculties.For future researchers, this study will contribute information suitable for their study in the field of entomology specifically in butterflies.
Scope and Delimitations
The study will focus on collecting, identifying and classifying the family andgenus of all butterflies that can be found at De La Salle University-Dasmarinas. This alsoincludes the distribution and abundance of the butterflies inside the school. The study willnot cover the growth and reproduction of the butterflies.

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