Chapter 1PROBLEM AND ITS BACKGROUNDIntroduction
Butterflies are also what we called day-flying insect which is in the order of Lepidoptera. Lepidos is greek for “scales” and ptera means “wings”. Like anyholometabolous insects, the butterflies also have life cycle or metamorphosis whichconsist of egg, larva, pupa and adult. Butterflies have large, often brightly colouredwings, and conspicuous, fluttering flight. They have three body parts, like all other insects, the head, thorax (chest), abdomen (bottom). The butterflies have four wings andsix legs which are attached to the thorax. Most of the butterflies are found in the tropicalrainforest, but also they can live in any climate. Butterflies sometimes migrate to avoidcold weather and like most forest dependent animals, they are good ecological indicatorsof the health of the forest they dwell. Some butterflies have evolved symbiotic and parasitic relationships with social insects such as ants. They are one of the importantinsects on Earth because they serve as agent of pollination.Of 1.4 million species on Earth over 53% are insects which include theButterflies. Butterflies have a very large group of animals that includes some of the most beautiful species and some of the most economically important pest in the class Insecta.According to the scientist there are estimated 28,000 species of butterfly throughout theworld. Butterflies’ family is comprised of Papilionoidea, Pieridae, Lycaenidae,Riodinidae and Nymphalidae (true butterflies), Heperioidea (skippers) and theHedyloidea (moth-butterflies). Any other butterfly belongs to the moth. The diversity of butterflies may occur some changes depending on the climate, whether it is changing or constant. According to some biologist butterfly are diversified all throughout the world.In the diversity of the butterflies, the demographic and socioeconomic may affect it.