is the modern English name given to a civilization of ancientItaly in an area corresponding roughly to Tuscany, whom theancient Romans called
. Their Roman name is theorigin of the names of Tuscany, their heartland, and Etruria,their wider region.
s distinguished by its own language, the civilization enduredfrom an unknown prehistoric time prior to the founding of Romeuntil its complete assimilation to Italic Rome in the RomanRepublic.
t its maximum extent during the foundation periodof Rome and the Roman kingdom, it flourished in threeconfederacies of cities: of Etruria, of the Po valley with theeastern
lps, and of Latium and Campania. Rome was sited inEtruscan territory. There is considerable evidence that early Rome was dominated by Etruscans until the Romans sacked Veiiin 396BC.