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Alexander Facts

Alexander Facts

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Published by Vedansh Pandey

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Categories:Types, Research, History
Published by: Vedansh Pandey on Aug 19, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Alexander III of Macedon or popularly known as Alexander the Great was born 356 BCEand was the King of Macedon who created one of the largest empires in ancient history.He became king at the age of 20 when his father, King Philip of Macedon, wasassassinated in 336 BCE. Alexander is one of the most hated figures of antiquity, and isremembered for his tactical ability, his conquests, and the spread of Greek civilizationinto the east.
Alexander’s eyes (one blue, one brown) revealed a dewy, feminine quality. Thiscondition is called Heterochromia, an ocular condition in which one iris is a differentcolor from the other iris.
Alexander the Great had a high complexion and a harsh voice.
Alexander the Great and Julius Caesar both were born on the month of July and bothwere epileptic.
His neck was in some way twisted, so that he appeared to be gazing upward at anangle.
Alexander suffered from a congenital scoliotic disorder (familial neck and spinaldeformity) like his father Philip II and his brother Philip Arrhidaeus.
Alexander was short by Macedonian standards.
His beard was scanty, and he stood out against his hirsute Macedonian barons by goingclean-shaven.
Alexander began to exhibit signs of megalomania and paranoia after the death of Hephaestion.
Alexander is regarded by most historians as “the greatest general in history”.
Alexander never lost in a single battle.
His tactical exploits are still taught in military academies throughout the world.
Alexander’s most evident personality traits have been his violent temper and rash,impulsive nature.
Alexander had a great desire for knowledge, a love for philosophy and was an avidreader.
He had great charisma and force of personality, characteristics which made him agreat leader of men.
Alexander was born in July 356 BC, in Pella, the capital of the Kingdom of Macedon.
On his mother’s side, Alexander was a second cousin of Pyrrhus of Epirus, also acelebrated general, whom the phrase “Pyrrhic Victory” was derived.
On the day that Alexander was born, Philip was preparing himself for his siege on thecity of Potidea on the peninsula of Chalkidiki.
On the same day Philip also received news that his general Parmenion had defeatedthe combined Illyrian and Paeonian armies, and that his horses had won at the OlympicGames.
It was also said that on this day, the Temple of Artemis in Ephesus—one of the SevenWonders of the World—burnt down.
In connection to this, Hegesias of Magnesia said that it burnt down because Artemiswas attending the birth of Alexander.
Alexander was tutored by Leonidas of Epirus (not Leonidas, king of Sparta) and thegreat Greek philosopher Aristotle.
Alexander developed a passion for the works of Homer from Aristotle’s teaching, andin particular the Iliad, which Aristotle gave him an annotated copy of, which Alexander was to take on his campaigns.
As a student of Aristotle, the Temple of the Nymphs at Mieza served as their classroom.
Many of the pupils who learned by Alexander’s side became his friends and generalsand are often referred to as the “Companions'.
Aristotle educated Alexander and his companions in medicine, philosophy, morals,religion, logic and art.
Alexander began his reign by having his potential rivals to the throne murdered. Hehad his cousin, the former Amyntas IV, executed, as well as having two Macedonian princes from the region of Lyncestis killed.
Alexander also ordered the murder of Attalus, commander of the advance guard of thearmy in Asia Minor.
Cleitus the Black saved Alexander’s life at the Battle of the Granicus in 334 BC,when Alexander was personally under attack by Rhoesaces and Spithridates. Cleituschopped off Spirithidates’ arm before the Asian satrap could bring it down on Alexander.Cleitus would meet his demise at the hands of Alexander in a drunken quarrel in 328 BC.
Alexander’s first participation in a major battle was during the Battle of Chaeronea in338 BCE. It was the greatest victory of his father, King Philip of Macedon.
Alexander’s father, Philip of Macedon, have had 7 wives.
Alexander the Great had three wives: Roxane, Statiera, and Parysatis.

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