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Wildlife Habitat Planning Strategies for Florida Communities and Landowners

Wildlife Habitat Planning Strategies for Florida Communities and Landowners

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Published by: Choctawhatchee Audubon Society on Aug 19, 2010
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Wildlife Habitat Planning Strategies, Design Features andBest Management Practices for Florida Communities and Landowners
This project was made possible by a grant from Florida’sWildlife Legacy Initiative. The Legacy Initiative is a programof the Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission,with funding provided through State Wildlife Grants adminis-tered by the US Fish and Wildlife Service. Additionalsupport was provided by the Florida Wildlife Federation, Jane’s Trust, The Martin Foundation, The BatchelorFoundation, the Elizabeth Ordway Dunn Foundation andthe Florida Department of Community Affairs.
Special recognition is given to:Dan Pennington
1000 Friends of Florida,
research, writing and editing
Vivian Young,
1000 Friends of Florida,
 Joanne Davis,
1000 Friends of Florida,
photos and editing support
Charles Pattison,
1000 Friends of Florida,
editing and content suggestions
Kathleen Morris,
1000 Friends of Florida,
Catherine “Katie Anne” Donnelly,
1000 Friends of Florida,
research and writing
Kelly Duggar,
1000 Friends of Florida,
research and writing,
Kacy O'Sullivan,
1000 Friends of Florida,
research and writing,
Front Cover Photos Courtesy of
Bird and Skunk: David Moynahan, FWC; Panther: Mark Lotz, FWC;Racoons: Charles Littlewood and the Florida Wildlife Federation
Back Cover Photos Courtesy of
 Joanne Davis, 1000 Friends of Florida
1000 Friends of Florida would like to thank the following individuals for their generous contributions tothis document. This does not imply, however, that the following contributors endorse this document or itsrecommendation.
Amy Knight and Jonathan Oetting,
Florida Natural AreasInventory 
for significant input and editing of Chapter 4, “Dataand Analyses Development
Mark Easley of URS Corporation Southern and JoshuaBoan,
Florida Department of Transportation,
significant develop-ment of Chapter 8, “Planning for Transportation Facilities andWildlife”
Ronald Dodson,
President and CEO, Audubon International,
helping to write, edit and comment on Chapter 9, “PlanningWildlife-Friendly Golf Courses in Florida”
Benjamin Pennington,
graphics and project web sitedevelopment
Rebecca Eisman,
Creative Endeavors,
graphic design
Will Abberger,
Trust for Public Land
Dave Alden Sr.
 , FWC
Matt Aresco,
Nokuse Plantation
Ray Ashton,
 Ashton Biodiversity Research & Preservation Institute, Inc.
Tom Beck,
Wilson Miller, Inc.
Lisa B. Beever,
Charlotte Harbor
 , National Estuary Program
Shane Belson,
Anthony (Tony) Biblo,
Leon County 
 Jeff Bielling,
 Alachua County 
Dr. Reed Bowman,
 Archbold Biological Station
Tim Breault,
Casey Bruni,
Babcock Ranch
Mary Bryant,
The Nature Conservancy 
City of Tallahassee
Billy Buzzett,
The St. Joe Company 
Gail Carmody,
U S Fish and Wildlife Service
Gary Cochran,
Vernon Compton,
The Nature Conservancy 
Courtney J. Conway,
 Arizona Cooperative Fish and Wildlife Research Unit 
Marlene Conaway,
KMC Consulting, Inc.
Ginger L. Corbin,
U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service
 John Cox,
City of Tallahassee
Florida Wildlife Federation
Richard Deadman,
Craig Diamond,
Eric Dodson,
 Audubon International
Tim Donovan,
Eric Draper,
 Audubon of Florida
Mark Endries,
Dr. James A. Farr,
Kim Fikoski,
The Bonita Bay Group
Neil Fleckenstein,
Tall Timbers Research Station
Charles Gauthier,
Terry Gilbert,
URSCorporation Southern
Greg Golgowski,
The Harmony Institute
Stephen Gran,
 Manager, Hillsborough County 
Kate Haley,
Cathy Handrick,
Bob Heeke,
Suwannee RiverWMD
Rachel A. Herman,
Sarasota County 
Betsie Hiatt,
Lee County Florida
William Timothy Hiers,
The Old Collier Golf Club
Dr. Tom Hoctor,
Geoplan, University of Florida
Robert Hopper,
South Florida WMD
David Hoppes,
Glatting Jackson
Dr. Mark Hostetler,
University of Florida
Greg Howe,
City of Tampa
Anita L. Jenkins,
Wilson Miller, Inc.
Bruce Johnson,
Wilson Miller, Inc.
Rosalyn Johnson,
University of Florida
Greg Kaufmann,
Debbie Keller,
The Nature Conservancy 
Carolyn Kindell,
Florida Natural AreasInventory 
Michael J. Kinnison,
Barbara Lenczewski,
Kris Van Lengen,
Bonita Bay Group •
Douglas J. Levey,
University of Florida •
Katie Lewis,
Florida Division of Forestry 
 Jay Liles,
Florida Wildlife Federation
 Jerrie Lindsey,
Glatting Jackson
Mark Lotz,
Martin B Main,
University of Florida
Laurie Macdonald,
Defenders of Wildlife
 Julia "Alex" Magee,
FloridaChapter, American Planning Association
 Jerry McPherson,
Bonita Bay Group
Tricia Martin,
TheNature Conservancy 
Terri Mashour,
St. Johns River WMD
Dr. Earl McCoy,
University of South Florida
Kevin McGorty,
TallTimbers Land Conservancy 
Rebecca P. Meegan,
Coastal Plains Institute and Land Conservancy 
 Julia Michalak,
Defenders of Wildlife
Mary A. Mittiga,
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Rosi Mulholland,
Christine Mundy,
St. Johns River WMD
Annette F. Nielsen,
 Joe North,
Dr. Reed Noss,
University of Central Florida
Cathy Olson,
Lee County Florida
Matthew R. Osterhoudt,
Sarasota County 
 John Outland,
Sarah Owen,
 AICP, Florida Wildlife Federation
Florida Trail Association
Lorna Patrick,
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Nancy Payton,
Florida Wildlife Federation
 Jeffrey Pennington
Larry Peterson,
Kitson & Partners
Paola Reason,
Ann Redmond,
BiologicalResearch Associates
Salvatore Riveccio,
Florida Wildlife Federation
Preston T. Robertson,
Florida Wildlife Federation
Christine Small,
Scott Sanders,
Keith Schue,
The Nature Conservancy 
Gregory Seamon,
Wilson Miller Inc.
Vicki Sharpe,
Lora Silvanima,
Daniel Smith,
University of Central Florida
 Joseph E. Smyth,
FDEP, Rainbow Springs State Park
Noah Standridge,
Collier County 
Hilary Swain,
 Archbold Biological Station
Kathleen Swanson,
Vicki Tauxe,
 Jon Thaxton,
Sarasota County Commission
Walt Thomson,
The Nature Conservancy 
Sarah KeithValentine,
City of Tallahassee
Keith Wiley,
Wildlife Biologist, Hillsborough County 
Michelle Willey,
Kitson &
Partners/Babcock Ranch
Donald Wishart,
Glatting Jackson
Christopher Wrenn,
Glatting Jackson
 Julie Brashears Wraithmell,
 Audubon of Florida
Table of Contents
List of Text Boxes by Chapter 3CHAPTER 1 — Designing Wildlife-Friendly Communities in Florida 4
The Value of Green Infrastructure 6A Tiered Approach to Conservation 8The Top Tier: Toward a Statewide Green Infrastructure in Florida 8Twenty-First Century Initiatives Linkage Between Tiers 10Promoting Green Infrastructure at the Middle Tier 11
CHAPTER 2 Community Wildlife and Habitat 13Conservation Framework and Principles
The North American Model of Wildlife Conservation 14Ecological Principles for Managing Land Use 14Designing Functional Green Infrastructure for Wildlife 17Merging Biology with Planning 21
CHAPTER 3 Envisioning and Planning Wildlife 22Friendly Communities
Goals for Planning Wildlife-Friendly Communities 23The First Steps 30
CHAPTER 4 Data and Analyses Development 35
Conducting a Birds-Eye-View Analysis 36Taking Advantage of Geographic Information Systems (GIS) 36Performing an Ecological Inventory 41Developing Ecological Scoring Criteria and a Scoring System 42Choosing From a Growing List of Analysis and Mapping Tools 42Consulting Additional State and Regional Wildlife and Habitat Data Sources 45
CHAPTER 5 The Florida Wildlife-Friendly Toolbox 48
The Local Comprehensive Plan 49Developments of Regional Impact 51Sector Plans 54Rural Land Stewardship Areas 57Special Large Property Opportunities 61
CHAPTER 6 — An Implementation Toolbox for Green Infrastructure 64
Easements 65Subdivisions and Conservation Subdivisions 69Upland Habitat Protection Ordinances 72Habitat Conservation Plans 75Mitigation and Restoration Plans 77Federal, State and WMD Mitigation Banks and Parks in Florida 81
CHAPTER 7 Management and Design Factors 83
Managing for Fire 84Wildlife-Friendly Lighting 89Planning Stormwater Management and Waterbody Buffers for Wildlife Value 94Ephemeral Wetlands and Pond Landscapes 95Planning for Supportive Long-Term Behavior in a Wildlife-Friendly Community 97
CHAPTER 8 Planning for Transportation 99Facilities and Wildlife
Guidelines for Accommodating Wildlife 100Identifying the Need and Goals for Wildlife Linkages 101Design Considerations for Wildlife Linkages 104Specific Design Environmental Factors of Wildlife Linkages 109Linkages for ETDM Projects 115Linkages for Non-ETDM Projects 117Road and Highway Related Stormwater Facilities 118
CHAPTER 9 — Planning Wildlife-Friendly Golf Courses in Florida 120
Planning for Habitat and Wildlife Basics 121Planning for the Birds 129Integrate Fire Dependent Natural Communities and Golf Courses 131Buffers for Waterbodies and Wetlands 131Golf Course Stormwater Treatment Trains and Capturing Wildlife Habitat Value 132Engage Golf Course Staff and Golfers 133Summary 133
CHAPTER 10 Wildlife Conservation and Restoration in 135Agricultural and Rural Areas
Starting Points 136Federally Funded Farm Bill Programs 138Non-Farm Bill Federal Initiatives 142State Funded Wildlife Habitat Cost-Share Programs 144Agricultural Conservation Easements and Land Donations 145Rural Land Stewardship Program 148Conservation and Restoration Techniques 148Agritourism Potential in Florida’s Rural and Agricultural Lands 149
APPENDIX 1 Sample Comprehensive Plan Goals, 151Objectives and PoliciesAPPENDIX II References 164

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